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Caudron G.6


Reconnaissance / Light Bomber / Escort Fighter Aircraft


France | 1917



"The Caudron G.6 brought along the design of the earlier G.4 with an all-new fuselage arrangement."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/05/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The French aviation concern of Caudron continued to evolve their serviceable G-series reconnaissance-minded biplanes during World War 1 (1914-1918). The G.3 of 1913-1914 emerged from the original prewar G.2 and from this also came the G.4 of 1915 (detailed elsewhere on this site). The G.6 model followed and this retained the G.4's recognizable twin-engine layout and sesquiplane biplane wing arrangement (the upper wing being of great span than the lower to reduce drag between the units) as well as the two-seat cockpit nacelle at center but added a more conventional tail unit and more defined fuselage shape. Gone were the skeletal, uncovered tailbooms of the original offering and, in their place, was a tubular fuselage with integral empennage mounting a sole vertical tail fin and applicable horizontal surfaces. The main wings remained with their dual bay arrangement, each assembly also holding its own engine nacelle with engines driving two-bladed propeller units. The nose section was faired over in a nicer streamlined fashion for aerodynamic efficiency. The undercarriage carried the twin-legged, four-wheeled tradition of earlier Caudron aircraft.

The G.6's design was attributed to one Paul Deville and a first flight was achieved during 1916. Service entry was in 1917 and the aircraft managed a tenure into the final months of the war as a reconnaissance platform. Additional service saw the line used in the artillery-spotting role to help improve general accuracy of ground-based artillery crews. G.6s were also pressed into the fighter escort role alongside heavier, slower bomber types and found success there as well. Approximately 512 Caudron G.6 aircraft were built with these serving solely with the French Air Service (the "Armee de l'Air') across an impressive 40 squadrons. During a 1916 three-month span alone, G.6 crews of Escadrille Caudron No. 46 claimed as many as thirty-four German aircraft - a notable feat for this much-forgotten aircraft line.

The G.6 featured its crew of two - a pilot and an observer - seated in tandem across open-air cockpits. The aircraft carried 2 x Le Rhone 9Jb engines of 130 horsepower output each allowing for a maximum speed of 96 miles per hour, a service ceiling of 15,500 feet, and a rate-of-climb near 865 feet per minute. Mission endurance was up to 2.5 hours which gave the aircraft good "legs" in the European Theater.

By this time in the war, Caudron aircraft were being outfitted with modest weaponry for both offensive sorties and defensive measures. 1 or 2 x 0.303 Lewis machine guns were set upon a trainable mount in the rear cockpit for the observer to manage. The guns provided a reach around the aircraft's critical "six" quadrant, the area behind the aircraft most vulnerable to attack by intercepting aircraft. The G.6 series was also cleared to carry up to 200lb of external drop ordnance - suitable for engaging ground targets of opportunity as the crew found them. Of course, such bombing runs were typically held at low-level and opened the crew and aircraft alike to dangerous ground-based fire.

Caudron continued their work in the biplane aircraft field throughout the war. In 1918, the French introduced the Caudron R.11 which utilized a similar rounded, streamlined fuselage, single tail fin, and biplane wings to serve as a reconnaissance platform, light bomber, and escort fighter.

Caudron produced over 4,000 aircraft for World War 1 service. It was later absorbed under the Renault banner in 1933.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Caudron G.6 Reconnaissance / Light Bomber / Escort Fighter Aircraft.
2 x Le Rhone 9JB engine developing 130 horsepower each.
Propulsion
93 mph
150 kph | 81 kts
Max Speed
15,502 ft
4,725 m | 3 miles
Service Ceiling
217 miles
350 km | 189 nm
Operational Range
865 ft/min
264 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Caudron G.6 Reconnaissance / Light Bomber / Escort Fighter Aircraft.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
28.2 ft
8.60 m
O/A Length
56.5 ft
(17.22 m)
O/A Width
9.7 ft
(2.95 m)
O/A Height
2,072 lb
(940 kg)
Empty Weight
3,197 lb
(1,450 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Caudron G.6 Reconnaissance / Light Bomber / Escort Fighter Aircraft .
STANDARD:
2 x 0.303 (7.7mm) Lewis machine guns on trainable mount in rear cockpit.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 220 lb of external stores.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Caudron G.6 family line.
G.6 - Base Series Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Caudron G.6. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 512 Units

Contractor(s): Caudron - France
National flag of France

[ France ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (93mph).

Graph Average of 75 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
512
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Image of the Caudron G.6
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Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
GROUND ATTACK
RECONNAISSANCE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Caudron G.6 Reconnaissance / Light Bomber / Escort Fighter Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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