Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Chart (2023) Military Ranks


Aviation / Aerospace

Yakovlev Yak-30 (Magnum)

Two-Seat, Jet-Powered Advanced Trainer Aircraft Prototype [ 1960 ]

The Yakovlev Yak-30 jet-powered advanced trainer project yielded just four flyable examples before it met its end.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/14/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

With the establishment of jet-powered military fighter aircraft in the late 1940s and throughout the 1950s, it behooved national powers to support an advanced pilot training program. Airmen graduating from the classroom to primary trainers needed a sufficient in-between, in-flight classroom for which to learn the nuances of jet-powered flight from. As such, many air services of the Cold War period went on to introduce twin-seat, jet-powered aircraft to fulfill the advanced trainer role. Yakovlev OKB attempted to sell the Soviet Air Force on its impressive Yak-30 of 1960. This little-remembered jet trainer was not selected for serial production and existed in just four total prototype examples.

The Yak-30 was part of a larger Soviet competition to find a standardized advanced jet trainer for itself and its allies. Yakovlev engineers elected for a rather elegant, two-seat, single-engine design with high-reaching tail fin and swept-back mainplanes. The cockpit, seating two in tandem under a single-piece sliding canopy, was set well-forward of midships. Both crew were given ejection seats should the worst happen and controls were duplicated at both positions. The mainplanes resided near midships. The engine exhausted through a port under the tail and was aspirated by way of wingroot-mounted intakes - allowing the nose section to be covered over in a smooth cone. A retractable tricycle undercarriage was featured for ground-running. Lightweight metal was used exclusively in the construction of the aircraft and costs were kept to a minimum - as were maintenance and operating requirements.

To power the design, the Tumansky Ru-19 series turbojet was selected and this engine was developed with the new trainer in mind so the two products went hand-in-hand from the outset. Output from the single engine installation was 1,984lb of thrust to which the aircraft held a maximum listed speed of 410 mph with a reported range out to 600 miles and a service ceiling beyond 35,000 feet. Rate-of-climb was 3,540 feet-per-minute.

Four flyable prototypes were constructed by Yakovlev as was a single testbed product. A first-flight was recorded on May 20th, 1960 and flying continued into the next year. When the official fly-off was had between the Yak-30, the Czech-originated L-29 and the Polish TS-11 entry, the Yak-30 bested the Polish TS-11 but failed against the L-29. There proved nothing inherently wrong with the Yak-30 submission as it appears that the final decision of August 1961 was a politically-based one. This brought an end to Yakovlev hopes that it would deliver to the Soviet Air Force its next trainer aircraft.

Despite this, the Yak-30 still flew for a time longer and managed a few air records (for small jet aircraft) before it met its official end.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Development Ended.


National flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Close-Air Support (CAS)
Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.
X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.
Training (General)
Developed ability to be used as a dedicated trainer for student pilots (typically under the supervision of an instructor).

33.3 ft
(10.14 m)
30.8 ft
(9.38 m)
11.2 ft
(3.40 m)
Empty Wgt
3,428 lb
(1,555 kg)
5,622 lb
(2,550 kg)
Wgt Diff
+2,194 lb
(+995 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Yakovlev Yak-30 production variant)
Installed: 1 x Tumansky RU19-300 turbofan engine developing 2,363lb of thrust.
Max Speed
410 mph
(660 kph | 356 kts)
37,730 ft
(11,500 m | 7 mi)
600 mi
(965 km | 1,787 nm)
3,540 ft/min
(1,079 m/min)

♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Yakovlev Yak-30 production variant. Performance specifications showcased above are subject to environmental factors as well as aircraft configuration. Estimates are made when Real Data not available. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database or View aircraft by powerplant type)
None. Proposed ground attack capability would have seen 2 x rocket pods fitted under wings (one per wing).

Supported Types

Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 2

Yak-30 (Magnum) - Base Series Designation

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective aerial campaigns / operations / aviation periods.


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2023 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing all American military medals and ribbons.

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-