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Messerschmitt Me P.1106


Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project


Nazi Germany | 1944



"The Messerschmitt Me P.1106 fighter-interceptor was a major rewrite of the originally-proposed P.1101 variable-wing jet fighter."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/21/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Realizing the limitations of the P.1101 jet-powered, variable-wing fighter design, German engineer Doctor Woldemar Voigt and his team at Messerschmitt AG attempted a major rewrite of the product in an attempt to improve it in several areas. This endeavor was in concert with a new German Air Ministry request for a fighter-interceptor with increased range beyond the 40 or so minutes being witnessed by existing jet-powered fighter types. With the P.1101 design as a starting point, Messerschmitt engineers went to work on a redesign, this becoming the Me P.1106 project which eventually did not see as much progress as its P.1101 company counterpart.

The design team required additional internal volume for fuel storage in the P.1011 so this forced the entire cockpit aft to sit at the base of the tail fin, the emplacement faired into the fin with the pilot seated under a hinged, framed canopy. The variable-wing sweep mechanism of the P.1101 was dropped from the new design for simplicity's sake though the 40-degree swept-back wings were kept. The fuel tank was installed above the existing turbine emplacement with the main wing elements driven through the space between the fuel stores and engine. A "T-style" tail was originally selected and the tricycle undercarriage was carried over from the P.1101 as was its nose-mounted intake opening required to aspirate the turbine engine. The engine nacelle ran under the aircraft's belly to about the midway point of the design. The rearrangement of the cockpit left the P.1106 an awkward-looking shape to say the least when viewed in profile.

Proposed specifications included a wingspan of 21 feet, 10 inches and a length of 30 feet, 2 inches. Maximum speed was in the vicinity of 615 miles per hour with the selected Heinkel HeS 011 turbojet engine to be use - though of course this only proved an estimate and remained highly theoretical.

Proposed armament centered around 2 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons fitted at the nose. This would prove sufficient when going up against both Allied fighters and bombers despite their slower rate-of-fire when compared to machine guns. The 30mm projectile held substantial penetration and destructive power to bring any aircraft down with a few well-placed hits. Ammunition would, of course, be limited due to the size of the individual 30mm shells required and the limited space aboard the P.1106 design.

As the design stood heading into late 1944, the P.1106 had little to recommend it. It was an ugly-looking aircraft that retained some of the same aerodynamic issues encountered with the original P.1101 design but also introduced poor visibility for the pilot. His position well-aft of midships meant that his view was of the long-running fuselage dorsal spine and nose section as well as a good view of the upper surfaces of the wings - this proved fatal for any fighter design where situational awareness was a key quality. Additionally, with the cockpit faired into the tail unit, his view to the rear was equally obstructed.

In one final push to make the P.1106 viable, Voigt and his team attempted to rework the paper design one more time in an effort to possibly salvage it for supersonic research. This would entail a lengthened tail unit to house the proposed 2 x Walther HWK 509A rocket kits taking place of the HeS 011 turbojet. As the rockets did not need to be aspirated like the turbojet, the open nose intake would be faired over in a cone assembly for aerodynamic efficiency. The intended T-tail was to then give way to a "V-tail" arrangement which released the cockpit from integration into the tail section. This would then allow a bubble canopy to replace the original's framed unit for better viewing.

Needless to say, this revision did not proceed as the entire program was ultimately shelved for good.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Messerschmitt Me P.1106 Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project.
1 x Heinkel HeS 011 turbojet
Propulsion
615 mph
990 kph | 535 kts
Max Speed
39,370 ft
12,000 m | 7 miles
Service Ceiling
1,118 miles
1,800 km | 972 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Messerschmitt Me P.1106 Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
21.9 ft
6.67 m
O/A Length
30.1 ft
(9.17 m)
O/A Width
5,732 lb
(2,600 kg)
Empty Weight
9,921 lb
(4,500 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Messerschmitt Me P.1106 Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project .
PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannons in nose.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Messerschmitt Me P.1106 family line.
P.1106 - Project Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Messerschmitt Me P.1106. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Messerschmitt AG - Nazi Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Nazi Germany ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (615mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
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Image of the Messerschmitt Me P.1106
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Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
INTERCEPTION
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Messerschmitt Me P.1106 Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project appears in the following collections:
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