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Irkut MC-21 (MS-21)

Narrowbody Passenger Airliner [ 2024 ]

By the end of 2013, procurement orders for the Irkut MC-21 narrow-body airliner stood at nearly 260 examples - the Russo-Ukrainian War has delayed its service entry.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/14/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Wind tunnel testing of the MC-21 design was held in late 2015 though delays with the composite wing has, in turn, delayed the MC-21 program as a whole by several months meaning that a rollout is not expected until mid-2016. A first flight is, therefore, scheduled for late-2016. An MC-21 specimen is undergoing final assembly at Irkutsk as of this writing (February 2016).

Russian carrier Aeroflot has signed on for 50 aircraft while Irkut claims total received orders from various carriers (mainly Russian) to be around 276 (175 of this total considered "firm" orders).

The initial commercial model is expected to become the 160-to-210-seat MC-21-300ER form with certification planned for sometime in 2017 or 2018 (2018 being more likely). The other versions to come include the MC-21-200ER, a dimensionally smaller variant with seating up to 175 passengers, and the MC-21-400ER.

The MC-21 program was originally known under the "MS-21" designator.©MilitaryFactory.com
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June 2016 - On June 8th, 2016 the first MC-21 prototype was debuted to the public by way of ceremony handled by UAC.

March 2017 - It has been announced that the MC-21 will require strengthened wings after testing revealed weakness in the members over time.

April 2017 - The MC-21 is expecting its first-flight sometime in 2017.

May 2017 - The MC-21, in prototype form, has officially recorded its first flight with PW1400G-JM engines, this coming on May 28th, 2017. Certification is planned for the proposed Aviadvigatel PD-14 turbofans for sometime 2018. One-hundred seventy-five aircraft are contracted for as of this writing.

January 2018 - Aeroflot is confirmed as a customer of the MC-21 with an order for fifty aircraft in the MC-21-300 production guise. Deliveries are expected between 2020 and 2026.

May 2018 - A second flyable prototype has joined the test program of the MC-21-300 narrowbody airliner series. Its first flight was recorded on May 12th, 2018.

July 2018 - Russian regulators have been working with European regulators on systems certification for the MC-21 platform.

February 2019 - A fifth prototype for the MC-21 project is expected before the end of 2019.

March 2019 - Engineers has been testing an all-new wing mainplane design for use in the MC-21 airliner series. The wings are a product of AeroComposite.

December 2020 - The MC-21-310 narrow-body passenger jet variant is expected to make its first flight before the start of 2021.

December 2020 - The MC-21 has flown with locally-built Russian Aviadvigatel PD-14 turbofan engines for the first time.

November 2021 - The MC-21 was flown in front of audiences at the Dubai aerospace event. The design continues to take steps towards fomal service entry.

October 2022 - Due to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War, the service arrival of the MC-21 has been delayed until sometime in 2024.


United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) / Irkut - Russia
Azerbaijan (ordered); Indonesia (signed); Kazakhstan (signed); Peru (signed); Russia (ordered)
Operators National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Indonesia National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of Peru National flag of Russia
Service Year
National Origin
Project Status

Used in roles serving the commercial aviation market, ferrying both passengers and goods over range.
Used in the Very-Important-Person (VIP) passenger transport role, typically with above-average amenities and luxuries as standard.

118.1 ft
(36.00 meters)
118.1 ft
(36.00 meters)
37.7 ft
(11.50 meters)
149,032 lb
(67,600 kilograms)
Maximum Take-Off Weight
monoplane / low-mounted / swept-back
Mainplane Arrangement
Design utilizes a single primary wing mainplane; this represents the most popular modern mainplane arrangement.
Mainplanes are low-mounted along the sides of the fuselage.
The planform features wing sweep back along the leading edges of the mainplane, promoting higher operating speeds.

2 x Aviadvigatel PD-14A OR Pratt & Whitney PW1400G turbofan engines developing 27,500 lb of thrust each.
3,107 miles
(5,000 km | 2,700 nm)

MC-21 - Base Series Designation.
MC-21-300 - Base production model.
MC-21-200 - Short-fuselage variant.
MC-21-400 - Proposed 250-seat variant.
MC-21-200ER - Extended range variant with seating for 130 to 175 passengers.
MC-21-300ER - Extended range variant with seating for 160 to 210 passengers.
MC-21-400ER - Extended range variant.
MS-21 - Original product designation.

General Assessment
Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry.
Rating is out of a possible 100 points.
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Unit Production (4)
Compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian).

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