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Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235


Medium-Lift Tactical Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft


Spain | 1988



"The successful CASA CN-235 transport - formed from a Spanish and Indonesian partnership - has become the basis for the longer EADS CASA C-295."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Attempting to cut a niche in the medium-lift, fixed-wing tactical transport market has been the CASA/IPTN CN-235 series introduced in 1988. Some 273 have been produced to date (2015) and these have gone on to see widespread service with elements ranging from Bangladesh and Botswana to Venezuela and Yemen. The series has seen its end for some as a military instrument while others continue purchases of the type. The CASA C-295 is a related development introduced in 2001 while offering increased capabilities through a stretched-fuselage design, Pratt & Whitney PW127G turboprop engines and greater cargo-hauling capability. It is detailed in a separate entry on this site.

The CN-295 began as a joint-project venture between CASA (Contrucciones Aeronauticas SA) of Spain and IPTN (Indonesian Aerospace) of Indonesia attempting to design, development and (individually) manufacture a viable tactical transport platform at cost to compete with the likes of stalwarts such as the Lockheed C-130 "Hercules". The aircraft was given the usual "tactical transport features" as a result: high / straight wing mainplanes, a short undercarriage for low-profile ground-running, underslung engines to clear ground activity, and a raised tail unit offering excellent access to the cargo hold within the body of the aircraft. The crew numbers two pilots and a flight engineer while the hold supports up to 51 seated passengers, 35 airborne troopers, 18 medical litters or four supply palettes. The payload maximum equals about 13,100 lb.

Selected power is from 2 x General Electric CT7-9C3 turboprop engines driving four-bladed propeller assemblies through 1,750 horsepower output each. Cruising speed is 285 miles-per-hour with ranges out to 2,705 miles and a service ceiling up to 25,000 feet. Rate-of-climb is 1,780 feet-per-minute.

The resulting prototype first flew on November 11th, 1983 and service introduction came on March 1st, 1988. Initial production models were thirty of the CN-235-10 model to which fifteen were produced by the two manufactures and carried General Electric GT7-7A engines. CASA then added 100 of the CN-235-100 mark outfitted with General Electric CT7-9C engines housed in composite nacelles. Additionally improvements were made to various onboard components and systems. Indonesian aero-industry added 110 of this mark.

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CN-235-200/220 was seen as an improved CN-235 with structural refinements throughout as well as better field performance and operational range. CASA completed 200 of this standard and IPTN added 220 of its own production. CN-235-300 introduced a Honeywell-based avionics fit and some minor changes. The CN-235-330 "Phoenix" was based on the -200 / -220 series aircraft and intended to compete for the Australian Project Air 5190 tactical airlifter but fell to naught. The CN-235 MPA became a dedicated maritime patrol design with provision for carrying and launching Anti-Ship Missiles (ASMs) and air-launched torpedoes. HC-144 "Ocean Sentry" became another dedicated maritime development, introduced for service in 2009, and adopted by the United States Coast Guard (USCG) - eighteen of this type were procured.

For those global parties interest in an attack model with excellent handling and loitering capabilities, the AC-235 was developed. This gunship-minded form is armed through a 30mm cannon (facing to the side, the aircraft banking to engage), rocket pods and missiles as well as carrying full radar functionality for low-light / nighttime work. The design is intended to challenge the likes of the Lockheed AC-130 Hercules series gunships and similar platform.

A few airline concerns managed small stocks of CN-235s as passenger-haulers but these did not find much notable success in the role.

The CN-295 is still marketed under the brand label of Airbus Defence & Space as a "lower cost tactical airlifter" (EADS merged with CASA to produce "EADS CASA" which was absorbed into the Airbus Military brand in 2009). It has proven a versatile performer, offering Short-Take-Off and Landing (STOL) capabilities on prepared or rough airfields and is known as a reliable product. Airbus DS also headlines the troubled A400M "Atlas" heavy-lifter development (detailed elsewhere on this site) as well as the C-212 light transport.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the CASA / IPTN CN-235-100 Medium-Lift Tactical Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft.
2 x General Electric CT7-9C3 turboprop engines developing 1,750 shaft horsepower each.
Propulsion
282 mph
454 kph | 245 kts
Max Speed
25,000 ft
7,620 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
3,107 miles
5,000 km | 2,700 nm
Operational Range
1,780 ft/min
543 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the CASA / IPTN CN-235-100 Medium-Lift Tactical Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft.
3
(MANNED)
Crew
70.2 ft
21.40 m
O/A Length
84.7 ft
(25.81 m)
O/A Width
26.8 ft
(8.18 m)
O/A Height
21,605 lb
(9,800 kg)
Empty Weight
36,376 lb
(16,500 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235 Medium-Lift Tactical Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft .
None - Unless outfitted for maritime patrol duties (anti-ship missiles/torpedoes) or gunship sorties (30mm cannon, rockets and Air-to-Surface Missiles (ASMs)).

Cargo payload up to 13,100 pounds.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235 family line.
CN-235 - Base Series Designation
CN-235-10 - Original 30 production models, 15 produced by CASA and IPTN respectively; GE CT7-7A turboprop engines.
CN-235-100 - Spanish model; GE CT7-9C engines in composite nacelles; updated electricals and other improved systems/components.
CN-235-110 - Indonesian mark of the CN-235-100
CN-235-200 - Improved standard with extended operational range, better field performance, and refinements throughout.
CN-235-220 - Indonesian mark of the CN-235-200
CN-235-300 - Honeywell avionics
CN-235-330 "Phoenix" - Intended for Australian tactical airlifter competition; development by IPTN; increased MTOW; Honeywell avionics.
CN-235 MPA ("Maritime Patrol Aircraft") - Dedicated maritime platform with support for anti-ship missiles and torpedoes.
HC-144 "Ocean Sentry" - Dedicated maritime patrol platform adopted by the United States Coast Guard service.
AC-235 - Proposed gunship variant outfitted with side-firing 30mm cannon and support for rockets and Air-to-Surface Missiles (ASMs).
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 273 Units

Contractor(s): CASA - Spain / IPTN - Indonesia / Airbus Military - France
National flag of Argentina National flag of Austria National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Chile National flag of Colombia National flag of Ecuador National flag of France National flag of Gabon National flag of Indonesia National flag of Ireland National flag of Jordan National flag of Malaysia National flag of Mexico National flag of Morocco National flag of Namibia National flag of Nigeria National flag of Oman National flag of Pakistan National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of Senegal National flag of South Africa National flag of South Korea National flag of Spain National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkey National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of the United States National flag of Venezuela National flag of Yemen

[ Argentina; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bophuthatswana; Botswana; Brunei; Burkina Faso; Cambodia; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; France; Gabon; Indonesia; Ireland; Jordan; Kenya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Mexico; Morocco; Namibia; Nigeria; Oman; Pakistan; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; South Africa; South Korea; Spain; Thailand; Turkey; United Arab Emirates; United States; Venezuela; Yemen ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (282mph).

Graph Average of 225 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
273
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
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Image of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image of the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
CLOSE-AIR SUPPORT
ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE
ANTI-SHIP
MEDEVAC
SEARCH & RESCUE
TRANSPORT
RECONNAISSANCE
SPECIAL FORCES
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Similar
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235 Medium-Lift Tactical Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft.
Going Further...
The Airbus Military (CASA) CN-235 Medium-Lift Tactical Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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