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Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295

Tactical Military Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA)

Spain | 2001

"Despite relatively limited production totals, the Airbus Military C-295 tactical military transport is growing evermore popular in military circles thanks to its inherent versatility."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/13/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
In 1988, a joint Spanish-Indonesian endeavor introduced the high-winged CN-235, propeller-driven tactical transport aircraft and 273 were eventually built under the CASA/IPTN brand label. An new initiative then saw the twin-turboprop system revised into the C-295 with a lengthened fuselage (six whole frames added, three forward and three aft) which has increased internal hauling capacity by 50%. To contend with the added weight gains, new Pratt & Whitney PW127G series turboprops have been installed, the wings reinforced, and the undercarriage strengthened. Additional fuel stores have also been added to increase operational ranges. The cockpit uses four LCDs (Liquid-Crystal Displays) and supports NVG (Night Vision Gear), and HUDs (Head-Up Displays). The C-295 began development in November of 1996 and was unveiled during the Paris Air Show the following year with introduction in 2001 through the Spanish Air Force. The aircraft remains in active service with over a dozen air forces the world over. A prototype first flew on November 28th, 1997 to prove the design sound and production has been ongoing since 1997 with over 100 units delivered.

CASA has since fallen under the EADS brand label which is now, itself, under the reformed Airbus Military name. The aircraft are manufactured from the Airbus Military facility located in Spain.

The C-295 is crewed by two pilots and adds mission specialists depending on cargo haul and mission role. The internal hold has a capacity for up to 71 combat-ready troops or a 20,400lb cargo payload. Dimensions of the aircraft include a length of 80.2 feet, a wingspan of 84.7 feet, and a height of 28.2 feet. Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) is listed at 51,145lbs. Power is through 2 x Pratt & Whitney PW127G turboprop engines developing 2,645 horsepower each while driving six-bladed propellers. Performance includes a maximum speed of 360 miles per hour, cruising speed of 300 miles per hour, ferry range of 3,300 miles, and service ceiling of 30,000 feet. The high-wing design approach allows for good lifting properties and stability in low-level flight. The fuselage is noticeably tubular with the flight deck mounted over the short nose providing good views out-of-the-cockpit. The tail is raised to provide clearer access to the rear cargo ramp found under the tail. The tail unit incorporates a single vertical tail fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. The undercarriage is wholly retractable with the main legs set under a bulged section of the fuselage.

Variants include the base military model as the C-295M. Locally-produced Indonesian marks are the NC-295 and CN-295. A maritime patrol variant exists as the C-295 MPA "Persuader" and features six hardpoints for the anti-submarine role. The model may be acquired by the British and is already in service with the Chilean Navy with another deal to an unnamed NATO member in the works. Another version is outfitted with Israeli AESA radar for the Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C = "AWACs") role and remains in prototype form - unveiled at Royal International Air Tattoo in 2011 with its radome mounted over the aft fuselage. The C-295W sports winglets at the mainplane wingtips and uprated engine installation. This mark is still in final development.

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January 2017 - Canada has committed to sixteen C-295W aircraft for its Search And Rescue (SAR) needs.

July 2019 - The initial C-295 destined for the Royal Canadian Air Force's "Fixed Wing Search and Rescue Aircraft Replacement" (FWSAR) program has completed its first-flight on July 4th, 2019 out of Seville, Spain. Sixteen airframes are covered through a contract signed by the Canadian government in 2016. The model will be used to succeed an aging fleet of de Havilland Canada CC-155 "Buffalo" and Lockheed CC-130H "Hercules" aircraft in same role.

October 2019 - Canadian C-295 tactical transports are being readied for formal delivery to the Royal Canadian Air Force service. Deliveries are expected to begin before year's end.

November 2019 - The Philippines has taken delivery of its fourth C295 tactical transport aircraft.

September 2020 - Canada has received its first C-295 (designated CC-295) equipped for the Search & Rescue (SAR) role. Arrival was reported on September 27th, 2020 at Base Comox in British Columbia. Sixteen examples will be procured for the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) to succeed an aging line of CC-130H Hercules and CC-115 Buffalo airframes in same role.

June 2021 - A C295 has been flown modified for the Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR) role. The aircraft has been modified to support a broad range of guided weapons.

September 2021 - The Indian government has committed to the procurement of 56 C-295 tactical transports in a $2.5 billion USD deal. The type will be used to succeed an aging line of Hawker Siddeley HS.748 "Avro" aircraft in same role.

October 2021 - Serbia has announced its intention to procure a pair of CN295 tactical transports.

March 2022 - Serbia has signed a deal to replace its aging fleet of Soviet-era An-26 tactical transports with CN295 types. Deliveries are expected to begin late 2023.

April 2022 - The National Institute for Aerospace Technology (INTA) of Spain has ordered a flying laboratory variant of the C-295 tactical transport.

April 2022 - The Philippines has accepted its fifth (of seven total) CN295 airframe along with a pair of TAI T129 ATAK attack helicopters.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Airbus Military C-295 Tactical Military Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA).
2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) PW127G turboprop engines developing 2,645 horsepower each driving six-bladed propeller units.
358 mph
576 kph | 311 kts
Max Speed
25,000 ft
7,620 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
2,672 miles
4,300 km | 2,322 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Airbus Military C-295 Tactical Military Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA).
80.4 ft
24.50 m
O/A Length
84.7 ft
(25.81 m)
O/A Width
28.2 ft
(8.60 m)
O/A Height
112,766 lb
(51,150 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295 Tactical Military Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) provided across 6 hardpoints.
Maritime variant can be outfitted with various anti-ship / air-to-surface missiles, precision-guided weapons, and anti-submarine torpedoes across six external hardpoints.

ISR variant showcased with precision-guided munitions for armed ISR role.

Hardpoints Key:

Not Used
Notable series variants as part of the Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295 family line.
C-295 - Base Series Designation.
CN-295 - Alternative designation.
C-295M - Base Military Transport Model.
C-295MPA "Persuader" - Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) / Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) variant; fitted with 6 x hardpoints for the carrying of air-launched / air-dropped ordnance related to the role.
C-295 AEW&C - Proposed Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft platform.
C-295W - Uprated engines; winglets; enhanced performance overall.
NC-295 - Indonesian local-licensed production form.
CC-295 - Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) variant designation; Search & Rescue (SAR) focus; 16 examples.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 164 Units

Contractor(s): EADS CASA / Airbus Military - Spain / France
National flag of Algeria National flag of Angola National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Brazil National flag of Canada National flag of Chile National flag of Colombia National flag of Czechia National flag of Ecuador National flag of Egypt National flag of Equatorial Guinea National flag of Finland National flag of India National flag of Indonesia National flag of Ireland National flag of Jordan National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of Mexico National flag of Oman National flag of the Philippines National flag of Poland National flag of Portugal National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of Serbia National flag of Spain National flag of Thailand National flag of the United Arab Emirates National flag of Uzbekistan National flag of Vietnam

[ Algeria; Angola; Bangladesh; Brazil; Burkina Faso; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Czech Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; Finland; Ghana; India (ordered); Indonesia; Ireland; Ivory Coast; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Mali; Mexico; Oman; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Saudi Arabia; Serbia (ordered); Spain; Thailand; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan; Vietnam ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (358mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Image of the Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
2 / 2
Image of the Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295 Tactical Military Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA).
Going Further...
The Airbus Military (EADS CASA) C-295 Tactical Military Transport / Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) appears in the following collections:
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