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Rumpler C.VIII


Advanced Biplane Trainer


Imperial Germany | 1917



"The Rumpler C.VIII advanced trainer survived the through to the end of World War 1 and continued limited service into the 1920s."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The aircraft, as a viable standalone weapon of war, emerged in World War 1 (1914-1918) along with the "tank". Rivaling the need to promote strong production at factories was the need for capable airmen in which to master the fine new art of military aviation. With that, several concerns were eventually pressed to develop dedicated trainer aircraft in an effort to bring about whole new generations of pilots, ultimately attempting to prove the investment in military aircraft worthwhile to the air powers of the time. In 1917, Rumpler Flugzeugwerke delivered an "advanced" trainer intended to meet the ongoing need of the German Air Service for more skilled pilots coming out of basic training and this product became the Rumpler C.VIII.

Rumpler was founded by Edmund Rumpler in 1909 (as the Rumpler Luftfahrtzeugbau concern) out of Berlin, Germany. While early production was centered around an outside firm's creation, the company soon evolved to design, development and subsequent production of in-house designs to streamline profitability - particularly with the arrival of World War 1 and its grand air war. With this, the firm was responsible for a plethora of aircraft mounts emerging in the fighting including dedicated fighters and several experimental systems.

Classified as an advanced trainer, the C.VIII was just that, an advanced classroom in the skies intended for pilots having completed their initial basic training in simpler mounts. Advanced trainers were certainly more expensive to procure on the whole though, in turn, they offered more defined study environments which produced more skilled pilots in the end. Training was broadened through designs that incorporated much of what final production airframes incorporated, resulting in a more refined student experience. Despite their costs, advanced trainers proved their worth by generating a solid stock of capable airmen.

The Rumpler C.VIII recorded its first flight in 1917 and, having passed all requisite trials (of course expedited to an extent in wartime), was adopted into the German Air Service late that same year. In particular, there proved a need to prepare masses of German airmen for the grand offensive that was to rewrite the lines of the Western Front come the spring of 1918 - attempting to head off the arrival of the Americans and their material might. The C.VIII was in place for such an endeavor and served various trainer groups in the buildup. The attacks began in March of 1918 and lasted until July, making the largest gains since those seen back in 1914. In the end, the Germans gained the tactical victory but failed in their strategic goals as their supply lines were stretched and their primary goals never truly defined. The offensive peaked in April and the German were now subject to the Allied counteroffensive of August which drove the Germans rearwards and provided the death knell leading up to the Armistice of November.

Externally, the Rumpler design proved highly conventional for the period, sporting slightly uneven spanning, single-bay biplane wing assemblies, tandem seating for student and instructor and a traditional single rudder tail unit. The aircraft sported a fixed undercarriage with two main single-wheeled landing gear legs and a tailskid. Power was through a single Argus As III series engine fitted to a forward compartment and powering a two-bladed wooden propeller with an output of 180 horsepower. Performance specifications included a maximum speed of 86 miles per hour with a service ceiling of 13,100 feet and endurance time of approximately four hours.

Rumpler C.VIII trainers were in use throughout the end of World War 1. Only the Netherlands and Finland operated the type in the years following, the former having received 40 examples through trade with the Germans and the latter procuring a sole example for reconnaissance duty, this example flying until 1924. Joining several other well-known aircraft manufacturers of World War 1 such as Sopwith, Rumpler went out of business in 1920, officially bringing an end to the Rumpler line.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Rumpler C.VIII Advanced Biplane Trainer.
1 x Argus As III engine developing 180 horsepower driving a two-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Propulsion
87 mph
140 kph | 76 kts
Max Speed
13,123 ft
4,000 m | 2 miles
Service Ceiling
336 miles
540 km | 292 nm
Operational Range
771 ft/min
235 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Rumpler C.VIII Advanced Biplane Trainer.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
26.2 ft
8.00 m
O/A Length
40.0 ft
(12.20 m)
O/A Width
10.5 ft
(3.20 m)
O/A Height
3,384 lb
(1,535 kg)
Empty Weight
6,665 lb
(3,023 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Rumpler C.VIII Advanced Biplane Trainer .
OPTIONAL (for advanced training):
1 x 7.92mm fixed, forward-firing machine gun.

Up to 110lb of externally-held conventional drop bombs for training.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Rumpler C.VIII family line.
C.VIII - Base Series Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Rumpler C.VIII. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 125 Units

Contractor(s): Rumpler Flugzeugwerke - Imperial Germany
National flag of Finland National flag of the German Empire National flag of the Netherlands

[ German Empire; Finland; Netherlands ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (87mph).

Graph Average of 75 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
125
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Rumpler C.VIII
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
TRAINING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Rumpler C.VIII Advanced Biplane Trainer appears in the following collections:
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