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LVG B (Series)

Imperial Germany (1915)
Picture of LVG B (Series) Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft

The LVG B-series of twin-seat biplane aircraft was produced in three distinct variants.


Detailing the development and operational history of the LVG B (Series) Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 10/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Prior to production of military aircraft, the LVG concern ("Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft") was focused on manufacture of dirigibles which proved useful in reconnaissance sorties and artillery spotting, however vulnerable they were to ground and aircraft fire. The LVG B-series of aircraft became the company's first foray into military aviation and consisted of a lightweight two-seat biplane design which saw service in World War 1. Categorized as a reconnaissance aircraft, the system and its crew were charged with reconnoitering over enemy held territory, detailing enemy movements and positions in after-action reports and debriefings alike. Unlike later two-seat reconnaissance platforms encountered during the war, the B-series was unarmed and wholly susceptible to all kinds of aerial and ground dangers.

The initial production model, the B.I, was of a typical biplane configuration with an upper and lower wing assembly of unequal span joined together by various struts and cabling. The wings sported double bays with parallel struts and shorter supports at the fuselage. The engine was fitted at the extreme forward end of the fuselage with a conventional three-plane tail section at the rear. Power was supplied by a Mercedes D.I series inline liquid-cooled piston engine developing 100 horsepower. This supplied the aircraft with a top speed of 65 miles per hour with a four-hour endurance window. The pilot and his observer sat in tandem aft of the cockpit and under the upper wing assembly - the pilot in the rear and the observer to his front. The undercarriage consisted of two main landing gear wheels supported by struts under the main bulk of the fuselage and a tail skid at the rear. As stated above, the B.I was unarmed.

The German Luftstreitkrafte (air force) took deliveries of the B.I and, shortly thereafter, LVG began offering an improved form under the new designation of "B.II". This version introduced a more powerful Mercedes inline engine outputting 120 horsepower. Additionally, the upper wing assembly sported a "cut-out" section intended to better the views from the pilot's position. A trainer derivative - the "B.III" - was also introduced to help train upcoming pilots in the nuances of flight. The B.III was given a reinforced understructure to help contend with "rough flying".

Due to the inherent limitations of the aircraft line as a whole and advancing aeronautical technology throughout the war, the B-series was eventually removed from active frontline reconnaissance duties and relegated primarily to training. From then on, it was formally replaced by more capable types.

Any available statistics for the LVG B (Series) Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (65mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the LVG B.I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
100
100


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1915
Classification Type: Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft (LVG) - Imperial Germany
Production Units: 100
Global Operators:
Imperial Germany; Imperial Russia
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the LVG B.I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
27.23 ft


Meters
8.3 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
39.76 ft


Meters
12.12 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.68 ft


Meters
2.95 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,601 lb


Kilograms
726 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
2,370 lb


Kilograms
1,075 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Mercedes D.I liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 100 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
65 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
105 kph


Knots
57 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
261 mi


Kilometers
420 km


Nautical Miles
227 nm

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• B.I - Initial Production Model; fitted with Mercedes D.I series engine of 100 horsepower.
• B.II - Improved B.I; fitted with Mercedes D.II series engine of 120 horsepower.
• B.III - Two-Seat Trainer; reinforced throughout