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LVG B (Series)

Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft

LVG B (Series)

Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The LVG B-series of twin-seat biplane aircraft was produced in three distinct variants.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Imperial Germany
YEAR: 1915
MANUFACTURER(S): Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft (LVG) - Imperial Germany
PRODUCTION: 100
OPERATORS: Imperial Germany; Imperial Russia
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the LVG B (Series) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 27.23 feet (8.3 meters)
WIDTH: 39.76 feet (12.12 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.68 feet (2.95 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,601 pounds (726 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,370 pounds (1,075 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Mercedes D.I liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 100 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 65 miles-per-hour (105 kilometers-per-hour; 57 knots)
RANGE: 261 miles (420 kilometers; 227 nautical miles)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• B.I - Initial Production Model; fitted with Mercedes D.I series engine of 100 horsepower.
• B.II - Improved B.I; fitted with Mercedes D.II series engine of 120 horsepower.
• B.III - Two-Seat Trainer; reinforced throughout


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the LVG B (Series) Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 10/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Prior to production of military aircraft, the LVG concern ("Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft") was focused on manufacture of dirigibles which proved useful in reconnaissance sorties and artillery spotting, however vulnerable they were to ground and aircraft fire. The LVG B-series of aircraft became the company's first foray into military aviation and consisted of a lightweight two-seat biplane design which saw service in World War 1. Categorized as a reconnaissance aircraft, the system and its crew were charged with reconnoitering over enemy held territory, detailing enemy movements and positions in after-action reports and debriefings alike. Unlike later two-seat reconnaissance platforms encountered during the war, the B-series was unarmed and wholly susceptible to all kinds of aerial and ground dangers.

The initial production model, the B.I, was of a typical biplane configuration with an upper and lower wing assembly of unequal span joined together by various struts and cabling. The wings sported double bays with parallel struts and shorter supports at the fuselage. The engine was fitted at the extreme forward end of the fuselage with a conventional three-plane tail section at the rear. Power was supplied by a Mercedes D.I series inline liquid-cooled piston engine developing 100 horsepower. This supplied the aircraft with a top speed of 65 miles per hour with a four-hour endurance window. The pilot and his observer sat in tandem aft of the cockpit and under the upper wing assembly - the pilot in the rear and the observer to his front. The undercarriage consisted of two main landing gear wheels supported by struts under the main bulk of the fuselage and a tail skid at the rear. As stated above, the B.I was unarmed.

The German Luftstreitkrafte (air force) took deliveries of the B.I and, shortly thereafter, LVG began offering an improved form under the new designation of "B.II". This version introduced a more powerful Mercedes inline engine outputting 120 horsepower. Additionally, the upper wing assembly sported a "cut-out" section intended to better the views from the pilot's position. A trainer derivative - the "B.III" - was also introduced to help train upcoming pilots in the nuances of flight. The B.III was given a reinforced understructure to help contend with "rough flying".

Due to the inherent limitations of the aircraft line as a whole and advancing aeronautical technology throughout the war, the B-series was eventually removed from active frontline reconnaissance duties and relegated primarily to training. From then on, it was formally replaced by more capable types.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (65mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the LVG B.I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
100
100

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue