STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Beechcraft - USA
OPERATORS: Argentina; Algeria; Australia; Barbados; Bolivia; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Greece; Guatemala; India; Iraq; Ivory Coast; Mexico; Jamaica; Japan; Morocco; Peru; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Spain; United Kingdom; United States; Venezuela; Uruguay
LENGTH: 35.50 feet (10.82 meters)
WIDTH: 50.26 feet (15.32 meters)
HEIGHT: 14.24 feet (4.34 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 6,945 pounds (3,150 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 10,097 pounds (4,580 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-135A turboprop engines developing 550 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 311 miles-per-hour (500 kilometers-per-hour; 270 knots)
RANGE: 1,520 miles (2,446 kilometers; 1,321 nautical miles)
CEILING: 30,000 feet (9,144 meters; 5.68 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,000 feet-per-minute (610 meters-per-minute)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Beechcraft King Air Multirole Transport Aircraft.
Entry last updated on 1/9/2019.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Beechcraft King Air is a utility platform developed from the Beechcraft Queen Air of 1958. It continues to see flying time despite its Cold War-era roots. A prototype saw its first-flight in May of 1963 and the series was introduced on September 9th of 1964. Since then, some 3,100 examples have been produced and many offshoots have appeared for both military and civilian roles. The King Air was born as the company Model 120 in 1961.
The two primary models of the line are the Model 90 and Model 100 with a plethora of subvariants in between. The Model 100 has a lengthened fuselage with additional cabin viewing ports and an increased MTOW. Militarized forms are used United States (as the VC-6A, Pegasus and Ute) and others such as the Israeli Air Force (IAF), the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF). Beyond this, the type has also been in service at the governmental level and under civilian operators globally. Former operators include Chile, Hong Kong, Ireland and Sweden.
The C90GTi model has a crew of one or two and can carry up to seven passengers. Overall length is 35.5 feet with a wingspan of 50.2 feet and a height of 14.2 feet. Empty weight is 7,000lb against an MTOW of 10,100lb. Power is from 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-135A series turboprop engines outputting 550 horsepower each and driving Hartzell propeller units. Performance includes a maximum speed of 311 miles per hour, a cruising speed of 260 mph, a range out to 1,530 miles and a service ceiling up to 30,000 feet. Rate-of-climb is 2,000 feet-per-minute.
The B100 model switches to 2 x Garrett TPE-331-6-251B or -252 series turboprop engines of 840 horsepower output. Speed is slightly decreased (307mph) as is the service ceiling (24,850 feet).
Variants in the King Air line include the "Super King Air" of 1972, also taken into civilian and military circles with nearly 4,000 units produced.
December 2018 - The United States Army is in the market to replace its aging fleet of C-12 and C-26 fixed-wing aircraft; the King Air CER is said to be a contender.
Raytheon UK has been awarded an eleven-year support contract for the Beechcraft Shadow R1 (King Air 350CER) surveillance platform operated by the Royal Air Force (out of Waddington, Lincolnshire).
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (311mph).
Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Beechcraft King Air C90GTi's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units