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PANHA 2091 (Toufan)

Dedicated Two-Seat Attack Helicopter

PANHA 2091 (Toufan)

Dedicated Two-Seat Attack Helicopter

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The PANHA 2091 Toufan is a local Iranian upgrade of the American Bell AH-1J SeaCobra attack helicopter with modern modifications to suit evolved IRIA requirements.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Iran
YEAR: 1998
STATUS: Active, Limited Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Iran Helicopter Support and Renewal Company (PANHA) - Iran
PRODUCTION: 20
OPERATORS: Iran
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the PANHA 2091 (Toufan) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 52.49 feet (16 meters)
WIDTH: 42.65 feet (13 meters)
HEIGHT: 13.12 feet (4 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 6,177 pounds (2,802 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 9,987 pounds (4,530 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Pratt & Whitney-based (assumed) turboshaft engines developing 1,800 shaft horsepower each to two-bladed main rotor and two-bladed tail rotor.
SPEED (MAX): 147 miles-per-hour (236 kilometers-per-hour; 127 knots)
RANGE: 373 miles (600 kilometers; 324 nautical miles)
CEILING: 39,370 feet (12,000 meters; 7.46 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,620 feet-per-minute (494 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
1 x 20mm M197 3-barreled autocannon in M97 powered chin turret.

OPTIONAL:
2.75-inch Hydra-type unguided high-explosive rockets in launch pods.
5-inch Zuni unguided high-explosive rockets in launch pods.
2 x Misagh-2 (AIM-9 Sidewinder) short-range air-to-air missiles on wingstub tips.
Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) (assumed).
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• 2091 "Toufan" - Base Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the PANHA 2091 (Toufan) Dedicated Two-Seat Attack Helicopter.  Entry last updated on 11/18/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Islamic Republic of Iran received much of its pre-1979 revolution military support from the United States of America. With that said, it procured many top-flight aircraft systems of the period including the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II and the Northrop F-5 Tiger fighter series. One oft-forgotten addition to the Iranian military inventory became the improved Bell AH-1J SeaCobra twin-engine light attack helicopter of which the Imperial Iranian Army received 202 examples known under the designation of "AH-1J International". Deliveries of these rotary aircraft spanned from 1975 to 1978. These examples were later transferred under the new banner of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army (IRIA) and were put to good use in the upcoming bloody war with Iraq throughout the 1980s (1980-1988). At least 50 examples were known to be operational by the end of 2008.

Over time, however, these helicopters began to naturally show their age in terms of battlefield viability which prompted an indigenous program to upgrade the line using locally-produced parts and technology wherever possible. The end result has become the PANHA 2091 "Toufan", a modernized version of the original American Bell AH-1J "International" series based on the AH-1J of the United States Marine Corps (USMC). PANHA represents the Iranian Helicopter Support and Renewal Company and the program is known under the name of "Project 2091" with the nickname of "Toufan" currently assigned. PANHA has proven itself capable of reverse-engineering various complex system types in the past and has shown a penchant for helicopters in general - particularly American Bell models- and also serves to maintain these platforms for the Iranian military. The PANHA 2091 was unveiled in 1998 and is currently in limited active operational service with the Islamic Republic of Iran Army.




The Iranian version's most notable visual feature is the new bulletproof canopy design. However, a deeper observational dissection of the revamped helicopter yields all-new forward and rear cockpit instrument panels for the crew of two, a new avionics suite, revised cockpit armoring, and nose-mounted FLIR camera. A Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) has been installed to help manage protection of the vulnerable rear quarters of the aircraft. Integrated GPS has been integrated for improved battlefield navigation. The Toufan retains the SeaCobra's three-barrel M197 20mm Gatling-style cannon in its powered chin turret assembly as well as the landing skid undercarriage. The Toufan also keeps its short armament wingstubs intact for the fitting of various weaponry such as rocket pods and Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs). Wingstub tips are thought to support the "Misagh-2" short-range surface-to-air missile, this being an Iranian copy of a Chinese copy of the American AIM-9 "Sidewinder".

The Toufan is driven by a twin turboshaft arrangement running through a combining transmission - perhaps based on the original's Pratt & Whitney Canada installation due to earlier Iranian operational and engineering experience with this powerplant. If this is to be the case, power will drive the same two-blade main rotor and two-bladed tail rotor (set to the starboard) found on the AH-1J International mark. Assumed performance estimates could include a maximum speed of 145 miles per hour with a range out to 373 miles. The operating crew will remain a pilot (rear cockpit) and gunner (at front) in the standard tandem-seat arrangement.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (147mph).

    Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  NYC
Graph showcases the PANHA 2091 (Toufan)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
20
20

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
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Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
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Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
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Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.