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CAC Winjeel

Australia (1955)
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Australia
Year: 1955
Type: Basic Trainer Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) - Australia
Production: 64


The Winjeel served RAAF personnel throughout most of the Cold War, eventually being retired by 1995.


Detailing the development and operational history of the CAC Winjeel Basic Trainer Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 4/25/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Australian aero industry has produced a few notable aircraft for its part in aviation history. One of its entrants became the "Winjeel" of 1955 which was manufactured to the tune of some 64 aircraft under the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) brand label. CAC was founded in 1936, just prior to World War 2 (1939-1945), and managed several wartime designs during the period including the "Boomerang" monoplane fighter (detailed elsewhere on this site) which did see service in the grand conflict. CAC, as an entity, lasted until 1985 when it came under the Hawker de Havilland name. Boeing Australia purchased its evolved form, Hawker de Havilland Victoria, in 2000 which meant the CAC name fell to history.

The Winjeel was developed for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as a basic trainer seating two-to-three crewmen. The design came about to fulfill requirement No.AC77 by the RAAF which sought such an aircraft type to add to its post-war inventory in 1948. CAC engineers responded with a pair of prototypes under the CA-22 designation and a first flight was had on February 23rd, 1955. The design flew well, quite well in fact, that it was much too stable to be used as a training tool and thus engineers were forced to "destabilize" the aircraft some so as to allow students to experience spinning and recovery phases. With some modification, the aircraft reemerged as the CA-25 and serial production followed which delivered 62 aircraft - the first coming in September of 1955 to the No.1 Basic Flight Training School of New South Wales.

In service the Winjeel was a sound training platform. Final deliveries came in August of 1957 and the type soldiered on during a lengthy service life which saw the last of its kind given up (in the training role) in 1975. A short-lived endeavor nearly saw the line replaced in full by the incoming Italian-originated Macchi MB-326 series which would have had the Winjeels out of service in the late-1960s. Just over a dozen were retained into the mid-1990s as light utility, Forward Air Control (FAC) platforms until completely succeeded by the light Swiss Pilatus PC-9 line. All Winjeels were out of military service for 1995 and some fell to private ownership from there.

The finalized Winjeel design form was powered by a Pratt & Whitney R985-AN-2 "Wasp Junior" 9-cylinder radial piston engine outputting 445 horsepower. Performance specifications included a maximum speed of 185 miles per hour, a cruise speed of 165 miles per hour, a service ceiling up to 18,000 feet and a rate-of-climb equal to 1,500 feet per minute.

Never armed by default, some Winjeels were equipped to carry smoke bombs to mark ground targets.

Any available statistics for the CAC Winjeel Basic Trainer Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (181mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the CAC Winjeel's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
64
64


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Global Operators:
Australia
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the CAC Winjeel model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2 or 3


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
29.27 ft


Meters
8.92 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
38.75 ft


Meters
11.81 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
8.27 ft


Meters
2.52 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
3,400 lb


Kilograms
1,542 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
4,341 lb


Kilograms
1,969 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN-2 "Wasp junior" 9-cyliner radial piston engine developing 450 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
181 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
291 kph


Knots
157 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
551 mi


Kilometers
886 km


Nautical Miles
478 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
15,000 ft


Meters
4,572 m


Miles
2.84 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,500 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
457 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None. Some target-marking forms carried smoke bombs.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• CA-22 - Prototype Designation; two examples produced.
• CA-25 "Winjeel" - Production Model Designation; 62 aircraft produced.