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Henschel Hs P.75

Nazi Germany (1941)
Picture of Henschel Hs P.75 Heavy Fighter Aircraft Proposal

The Henschel Hs P.75 heavy fighter and its distinct canard configuration was not furthered beyond the wind tunnel model stage during World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Henschel Hs P.75 Heavy Fighter Aircraft Proposal.  Entry last updated on 1/16/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Henschel Hs P.75 appeared in 1941 as a possible contender to the outmoded and outclassed Messerschmitt BF 110 "Zerstorer" heavy fighter for the German Luftwaffe. The heavy fighter had met its match in the Battle of Britain and has become relegated to the night-fighting role as a result. A more capable replacement was needed and Henschel delivered a response with its Hs P.75 idea. The P.75 went about design in a unique way, fitting a pair of engines (and applicable propellers) aft of the cockpit. The layout offered the inherent benefits of an unobstructed forward view and an armament suite that required little in the way of special equipment - the cannons did not have to be synchronized to fire through a spinner propeller blade system and all could be concentrated towards a target area for maximum effect. Conversely, the rear placement of the engine meant that cooling of the twin powerplants would require special consideration. Additionally, there was no safe means for which the pilot to extract himself from the aircraft whilst in flight and at speed for he would have to contend with the set of spinning propeller blades to his rear. This, however, could be countered by having the propeller assemblies jettisoned off before the pilot ejected from his aircraft, requiring some special modifications to the design.

The rear wing, forward canard design was not wholly unique to the Henschel Hs P.75. The Americans attempted the same design concept with their abandoned Curtiss XP-55 "Ascender" as did the Japanese with their Kyushu J7W1 "Shinden". All fitted the main wing assembly to the rear as well as the engine and a propeller set up in a "pusher" configuration with the armament at the front of the fuselage. Despite the promising data collected through wind tunnel trials, the Henschel P.75 was not furthered into a workable prototype form, let alone production-quality examples.

The originally-selected powerplant for the P.75 became a pair of Daimler-Benz DB 610 series in-line piston engines. However, these powerplants were prone to catching fire and suffered from regular overheating prompting the move to the more stable Daimler-Benz DB 603 series engines sometime in 1942. When conjoined as such, the engines were known under the prototype designation of DB 613. They had the potential to deliver a combined 3,500 total horsepower.

The design of the Henschel Hs P.75 was very distinct when compared to contemporary aircraft designs. The main monoplane wing assemblies were fitted low to the extreme rear of the fuselage with a pair of small canard wings situated at the extreme forward. Both wing installations sported sweep along their leading edges though the forward canards also sported sweep along their trailing edges. A vertical tail fin was fitted to the design though this was interestingly mounted as a ventral protrusion as opposed to a traditional dorsal mounting. The fin arrangement helped to protect the propellers from incidental damage during take-off and landing. The bulk of her weight resided to the rear of the design to which the wings, engine and fuel stores were all fitted. The engine arrangement also forced designers to devise a flat, broad fuselage to accommodate the twin systems. The fuselage was a long and slender affair, contoured from its curved nosecone to its curved tail cone propeller spinner. To power the two contra-rotating propellers at the rear, the Daimler-Benz engines drove extension shafts. The aircraft would have operated with a fully-retractable undercarriage system comprised of two main legs and a nose leg, all sporting single wheels. The cockpit was situated in the middle of the fuselage, aft of the armament and ahead of the engine compartment. The cockpit itself featured heavy glazing and views to the rear were limited due to the fuselage spine. Armament was stored in the forward fuselage whilst fuel tanks were secured in each wing and behind the cockpit, ahead of the engine installation. Armament would have been a battery of 4 x 30mm MK 108 cannons seated in pairs, one pair at the extreme forward of the nose and the remaining pair just aft, ahead of the cockpit.

The Henschel Hs P.75 sported a wingspan of 37 feet, 1 inch with a length of 40 feet and a height of 14 feet, 1 inch. Her maximum weight allowance topped 16,535lbs. Performance from her conjoined engine setup would have delivered a service ceiling of 39,370 feet with a maximum top speed in the vicinity of 491 miles per hour.

Any available statistics for the Henschel Hs P.75 Heavy Fighter Aircraft Proposal are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (491mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1941
Type: Heavy Fighter Aircraft Proposal
Manufacturer(s): Henschel - Germany
Production: 0
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Henschel Hs P.75 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
40.03 ft


Meters
12.2 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
37.07 ft


Meters
11.3 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
14.11 ft


Meters
4.3 m


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
16,535 lb


Kilograms
7,500 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Daimler-Benz DB 613 (2 x Daimler-Benz DB 603 coupled engines) engines developing 3,500 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
491 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
790 kph


Knots
427 kts


Performance
CEILING


Feet
39,370 ft


Meters
12,000 m


Miles
7.46 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

PROPOSED:
4 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in forward fuselage (two pairs of two guns).
Variants: Series Model Variants
• P.75 - Henschel company designation