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North American T-28 Trojan

Two-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft

Despite its trainer origins, the single-engine twin-seat North American T-28 Trojan was successfully used as a combat platform for a time.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 8/4/2016
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Year: 1949
Manufacturer(s): North American Aviation - USA
Production: 2,232
Crew: 2
Length: 33.01 ft (10.06 m)
Width: 40.09 ft (12.22 m)
Height: 12.66 ft (3.86 m)
Weight (Empty): 6,424 lb (2,914 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 8,501 lb (3,856 kg)
Power: 1 x Wright R-1820-86 Cyclone radial piston engine developing 1,425 horsepower.
Speed: 343 mph (552 kph; 298 kts)
Ceiling: 35,499 feet (10,820 m; 6.72 miles)
Range: 1,059 miles (1,705 km; 921 nm)
Rate-of-Climb: 4,000 ft/min (1,219 m/min)
Operators: Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Republic of the Congo; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Ethiopia; France; Honduras; Japan; Laos; Mexico; Morocco; Nicaragua; Philippines; South Korea; Saudi Arabia; South Vietnam; Tunisia; Taiwan; Thailand; United States; Uruguay; Vietnam; Zaire


Conventional bombs, rockets, machine gun pods (7.62mm or 12.7mm calibers), 20mm cannon pods or napalm as required across two or six underwing pylons.

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of an aircraft cannon pod
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition

Variants / Models

• XT-28 - Prototype; 2 examples produced.
• T-28A - USAF Trainer; fitted with Wright R-1300-7 radial piston engine of 800 horsepower; 1,194 examples produced.
• T-28B - US Navy Trainer; fitted with Wright R-1820-9 radial piston engine of 1,425 horsepower; 489 examples produced.
• T-28C - US Navy Trainer; based on T-28B production models; smaller radius propeller blade; tailhook implemented for carrier landings; 266 examples produced.
• T-28D "Nomad" - T-28A production models converted to counter-insurgency role; fitting engines of the B- and C-models; six underwing hardpoints for external store; 393 A-models converted as such.
• AT-28D - USAF attack trainer variant.
• Fennec - USAF T-28A conversion models for France; conversion handled by Sud-Aviation.
• T-28R-1 "Nomair" - USAF T-28 conversion models for Brazilian Navy.
• T-28R-2 "Nomair" - USAF T-28 conversion models for civilian use.
• Nomad Mark I - Civilian USAF T-28A conversion models; fitted with Wright R-1820-56S powerplant.
• Nomad Mark II - Civilian USAF T-28A conversion models; fitted with Wright R-1820-76A powerplant.
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