Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships
Icon of a dollar sign
Icon of military officer saluting

North American A-36 Mustang

Ground Attack Aircraft / Dive Bomber Aircraft

North American A-36 Mustang

Ground Attack Aircraft / Dive Bomber Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The North American A-36 Mustang was based on an early-form adaptation of the P-51 to fulfill the dive bomber and ground-attack roles.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1943
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): North American Aviation - USA
PRODUCTION: 500
OPERATORS: United Kingdom (single example); United States
National flag of United Kingdom
UK
National flag of United States
USA
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the North American A-36A model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
POWER: 1 x Allison V-1710 liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 1,325 horsepower driving a three-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
ADVERTISEMENTS
LENGTH

0
feet
0
meters
WIDTH / SPAN

0
feet
0
meters
HEIGHT

0
feet
0
meters
M.T.O.W.

0
pounds
0
kilograms
SPEED (MAX)

0
mph
0
kph
0
knots
CEILING

0
feet
0
meters
0
miles
RANGE

0
miles
0
kilometers
0
nautical miles
Armament



STANDARD:
2 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 heavy machine guns in nose.
4 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 heavy machine guns in wings (two guns per wing).

OPTIONAL:
Provision for 1,000 lb of external stores across two underwing hardpoints.
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Variants / Models



• A-36 "Mustang" - Base Series Name
• A-36A - Base series designation


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the North American A-36 Mustang Ground Attack Aircraft / Dive Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/5/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The North American A-36 was a United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dedicated ground attack / dive bomber variant of the classic North American P-51 "Mustang" single-seat, single-engine fighter. The original Mustang was developed to a British specification but the line went on to find a majority of success in the hands of European- and Pacific-Theater-bound American airmen. Development had begun in 1940 and the A-36 grew out the original program, first flying in prototype form during October of 1942. Its design is attributed to Edgar Schmued.

The A-36A was the only production mark of this Mustang variant, appearing with the 27th, 86th and 311th (India) Fighter-Bomber (Bombardment Groups (Dive)). First combat actions occurred in June of 1943 on the island of Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Theater. Called upon to drop conventional bombs on enemy targets via diving and climbing actions, the aircraft also served as a bomber escort and general ground attack component of the Allies.

Externally, the A-36 retained much of the form of earlier production Mustangs, the canopy being heavily framed and a dorsal spine restricting views to the rear. Straight mainplanes were fitted low along the forward section of the fuselage while the empennage sported a single vertical fin with low-set horizontal planes. Power was from an Allison V-1710 inline piston engine developing 1,325 horsepower and driving a three-bladed propeller unit at the nose. The undercarriage was of a conventional "tail-dragger" configuration featuring a tailwheel and two main landing gear legs, the latter recessing towards fuselage centerline. Standard armament consisted of the traditional P-51 arrangement: 6 x 0.50 caliber air-cooled Browning heavy machine guns - two mounted in the upper fuselage (nose) and the remaining four buried in the wings (two guns per wing). Up to 1,000lb of conventional drop stores could be carried (mounted externally).

Performance from the Allison powerplant allowed for a top speed of 365 miles-per-hour with a cruising speed of about 250 miles-per-hour. A range of 550 miles was possible and the aircraft could reach a service ceiling of 25,100 feet. Since its primary role was attack, this restricted ceiling was acceptable.

In all, 500 A-36As were built for the war effort to help offset losses and fill a needed role. However, their service was short-lived for, by 1944, the series was already being replaced by the more-capable Republic P-47 "Thunderbolt" and North American P-51 "Mustang" now equipped with bomb racks and rocket launch rails. These aircraft proved more than up to the task of close-support bombing actions while still retaining their inherent exceptional high-altitude performance as fighters. As such, the role and reach of the A-36 gradually dwindled as the war progressed.

Production of A-36s completed in March of 1943. Despite its limited use, the aircraft was well-received and, beyond its bombing capabilities, it also recorded 84 enemy air kills. The United Kingdom's Royal Air Force (RAF) received one copy of the aircraft in March of 1943 for testing and evaluation purposes. Few A-36's survive today as museum showpieces.

The A-36 was unofficially known as the "Apache" and "Invader" at various times during her wartime career.




Media





In the Cockpit


Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (365mph).

Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the North American A-36A's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (500)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
500
500

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map

www.MilitaryFactory.com. Site content ©2003- MilitaryFactory.com, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo