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Halberstadt CL.IV

Imperial Germany (1918)
Picture of Halberstadt CL.IV Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft
Picture of Halberstadt CL.IV Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft Picture of Halberstadt CL.IV Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft

Though excelling in the ground attack role, the Halberstadt CL.IV biplane attacker lacked the needed protection against ground-based fire.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Halberstadt CL.IV Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 12/10/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The CL.IV was a further development of the CL.II design, both aircraft a product of Halberstadt Flugzeugwerke of Germany. The CL.II was found to be a perfect platform when used in the close-support role and, as such, the CL.IV was designed as its replacement with that specific role in mind. Fielded in 1918, the type served in the final major campaigns of the First World War, taking on sorties that ran the gamut of light bombing, ground strafing, nightbombing and interception while still being capable of dogfighting.

The CL.IV was of an orthodox design with a crew of two. The pilot occupied the forward cockpit area just behind the trailing edge of the upper wing. Visibility was somewhat obscured due to the wing placement but views above, left and right were generally good. The pilot had access to a synchronized 7.92mm Spandau LMG 08/15 machine gun. The engine was mounted to the extreme forward of the fuselage just in front of the pilot and was of a 160 horsepower Mercedes D.III 6-cylinder, in-line, water-cooled engine type operating a two-blade propeller. The observer/gunner sat to the pilot's rear (directly behind actually, separated only by a wood panel) and operated a ring-mounted 7.92mm Parabellum LMG 14 machine gun. Externally, the CL.IV was designed to carry up to five 10 kilogram bombs. Wings were of equal span with single bays supported by parallel struts. The undercarriage was traditional, with two main wheels and a tail skid.

The new design proved a great deal better than her forerunner. The CL.IV was a stronger aircraft with good maneuverability. Though an exceptional aircraft when taking on ground targets, protection afforded to the crew was less than stellar, forcing the pilot to utilize the maneuverability of the CL.IV to avoid ground fire. With this in mind, the CL.IV was fielded in handfuls for collectively devastating attacks on ground forces through use of machine guns or bombs. Despite their effectiveness in this role, victory was falling ever farther from Germany's reach until the country officially capitulated.

The CL.IV was designed by Halberstadt chief designer Karl Thies.


Picture of the Halberstadt CL.IV Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft
Picture of the Halberstadt CL.IV Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft



Any available statistics for the Halberstadt CL.IV Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (116mph).

    Graph average of 90 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Halberstadt CL.IV's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
700
700


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1918
Classification Type: Ground Attack / Biplane Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Halberstadter (Halberstadt ) Flugzeugwerke GmbH - Germany
Production Units: 700
Global Operators:
Estonia; Imperial Germany; Poland; Russian Empire
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Halberstadt CL.IV model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
21.46 ft


Meters
6.54 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
35.24 ft


Meters
10.74 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
8.76 ft


Meters
2.67 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,605 lb


Kilograms
728 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
2,348 lb


Kilograms
1,065 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Mercedes D.III 6-cylinder in-line water-cooled engine developing 160 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
116 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
186 kph


Knots
100 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
300 mi


Kilometers
482 km


Nautical Miles
260 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
20,997 ft


Meters
6,400 m


Miles
3.98 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (5):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.92mm Spandau LMG 08/15 synchronized machine gun
1 x 7.92mm Parabellum LMG 14 in rear seat cockpit

OPTIONAL:
4 OR 5 x 10kg bombs carried.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants: Series Model Variants
• CL.IV - Base Production Model Designation