Arado Ar E.580
Nazi Germany (1944)
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The Arado Ar E.580 single-seat jet-powered fighter competed unsuccessfully against the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager design.
Detailing the development and operational history of the Arado Ar E.580 Single-Seat Jet Fighter Proposal. Entry last updated on 9/14/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Outwardly, the E.580 shared some broad similarities to the Heinkel design. As in the Heinkel He 162, the engine of the E.580 series sat atop the fuselage, well-contoured into the fuselage. The wing assemblies were unswept and all armament was to be kept concentrated in the nose. A wholly-retractable tricycle undercarriage was featured and the empennage was made up of a split-vertical fin arrangement. The powerplant of choice became the BMW 003A-1 series turbojet. How this layout would have eventually fared in practice created some skepticism as the raised canopy ahead of the intake opening would have, no doubt, obstructed airflow. Armament was never finalized but proposed weaponry would have been either a pair of MK 108 30mm cannons or MG 151/20 20mm cannons. In either case, these would have been situated in the extreme forward section of the nose assembly and were potent enough to contend with both fighter and bomber targets alike.
The Heinkel He 162 eventually won the competition, proving a more design on paper - it went on to seeing limited production before the end of the war in 1945. Regardless, both designs stood as early forays into single-engine jet fighters which soon took hold as the norm heading into the 1950s. The capabilities of the E.380 can only be left to the imagination.
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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (462mph).
Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.