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Arado Ar E.580

Single-Seat Jet Fighter Proposal

Arado Ar E.580

Single-Seat Jet Fighter Proposal

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Arado Ar E.580 single-seat jet-powered fighter competed unsuccessfully against the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager design.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1944
MANUFACTURER(S): Arado Flugzeugwerke - Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Arado Ar E.580 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 25.79 feet (7.86 meters)
WIDTH: 25.00 feet (7.62 meters)
ENGINE: 1 x BMW 003A-1 turbojet engine.
SPEED (MAX): 462 miles-per-hour (744 kilometers-per-hour; 402 knots)




ARMAMENT



PROPOSED:
2 x MG 151/20 20mm cannons OR 2 x MK 108 30mm cannons n nose.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Ar E.580 - Developmental Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Arado Ar E.580 Single-Seat Jet Fighter Proposal.  Entry last updated on 9/14/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Once the Volksjager competition came around in 1944, Arado Flugzeugwerke went back to a 1943 design and added revisions to produce E.580 product. At its core, the aircraft became a single-seat, single-engined jet fighter design to help in the defense of the Third Reich, part of an effort by the Germans to eventually turn the tide of the Allied advance during World War 2 (1939-1945). The aircraft was developed along the lines of simplicity in both construction methodology and general operation/maintenance. The E.580 was to serve as Arado's answer for the new RLM requirement - a contract eventually secured by the competing firm of Heinkel with its He 162 submission.

Outwardly, the E.580 shared some broad similarities to the Heinkel design. As in the Heinkel He 162, the engine of the E.580 series sat atop the fuselage, well-contoured into the fuselage. The wing assemblies were unswept and all armament was to be kept concentrated in the nose. A wholly-retractable tricycle undercarriage was featured and the empennage was made up of a split-vertical fin arrangement. The powerplant of choice became the BMW 003A-1 series turbojet. How this layout would have eventually fared in practice created some skepticism as the raised canopy ahead of the intake opening would have, no doubt, obstructed airflow. Armament was never finalized but proposed weaponry would have been either a pair of MK 108 30mm cannons or MG 151/20 20mm cannons. In either case, these would have been situated in the extreme forward section of the nose assembly and were potent enough to contend with both fighter and bomber targets alike.




The Heinkel He 162 eventually won the competition, proving a more design on paper - it went on to seeing limited production before the end of the war in 1945. Regardless, both designs stood as early forays into single-engine jet fighters which soon took hold as the norm heading into the 1950s. The capabilities of the E.380 can only be left to the imagination.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (462mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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Commitments / Honors
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Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
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Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
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Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.