Military Factory logo
Icon of a dollar sign
Icon of military officer saluting
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships

Caproni Ca.3

Heavy Biplane Bomber Aircraft

Caproni Ca.3

Heavy Biplane Bomber Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Ca.36 was the definitive Italian bomber design by the end of World War 1.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Kingdom of Italy
YEAR: 1917
MANUFACTURER(S): Caproni - Italy
PRODUCTION: 275
OPERATORS: Kingdom of Italy; France; United Kingdom; United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Caproni Ca.3 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 4
LENGTH: 36.25 feet (11.05 meters)
WIDTH: 74.61 feet (22.74 meters)
HEIGHT: 12.14 feet (3.7 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 5,071 pounds (2,300 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 8,378 pounds (3,800 kilograms)
ENGINE: 3 x Isotta-Fraschini V.4B engine delivering 150 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 85 miles-per-hour (137 kilometers-per-hour; 74 knots)
RANGE: 372 miles (599 kilometers; 323 nautical miles)
CEILING: 15,892 feet (4,844 meters; 3.01 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 413 feet-per-minute (126 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 6.5mm OR 7.7mm FIAT-Revelli machine guns

OPTIONAL:
Up to 1,764lb of bombs
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Ca.34 - Proposed Production Model; pilots in tandem seating.
• Ca.35 - Proposed Production Model; pilots in tandem seating.
• Ca.36 - Removable wing portions for improved storage of system.
• Ca.36M - Post-War Model; refined production techniques.
• Ca.36 mod - Post-War Model; refined production techniques.
• Ca.36S - Air Ambulance Model
• Ca.37 - Single Prototype Ground Attack Model; seating for two personnel.
• Ca.39 - Proposed Seaplane Variant
• Ca.56a - Civilian Passenger Transport Airliner Conversion Models.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Caproni Ca.3 Heavy Biplane Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/31/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.31. The Ca.36 was a tremendous asset to allied operations against Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire and were put into action as quickly as Italy declared war. Surprisingly, the system survived in limited numbers long enough to be used for a time by Mussolini in the opening salvos of Italian involvement in World War 2.

At its core, the Ca.36 was a three-engine biplane bomber of wood and fabric construction. The 1914 Ca.31 appeared with 3 x Gnome rotary type engines with the improved Ca.32 following a year later. The Ca.32 sported three FIAT brand engines of 100 horsepower and were of the water-cooled in-line variety. These particular models were pressed into action almost immediately against Austrian targets. As the was progressed, Gianni Caproni produced an improved C-bomber in the form of the Ca.33 which featured Isotta-Fraschini powerplants. The Ca.34 and Ca.35 were proposed but never produced variants that tried to seat the pilots in tandem in a central nacelle position.

The culmination of the C-series came about with the arrival of the Ca.36 which featured a sectioned wing assembly that could be taken apart into five pieces for easier storage. Armament of this type consisted of 2 x FIAT-Revelli machine guns of 6.5mm or 7.7mm caliber. As a heavy bomber, the Ca.36 could carry an impressive payload of up to 1,764 pounds of ordnance. The Ca.36S represented an air ambulance conversion model while the Ca.36M (or "mod") was a model designed to simplify wartime production.

Operators - as well as producers - of the bomber included Italy, the United Kingdom, France and the United States of America. Other proposed or slightly developed variants of the C-series included the Ca.37 prototype of a two-seat dedicated ground attack bomber, a seaplane derivative in the Ca.39 and the Ca.56a - which were remanufactured wartime Ca.3 bombers for use as civilian passenger transports.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (85mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Caproni Ca.3 (Ca.36)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
275
275

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue