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Consolidated PT-1 Trusty

Primary Trainer Biplane Aircraft

Consolidated PT-1 Trusty

Primary Trainer Biplane Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Consolidated PT-1 Trusty represented the first aircraft purchase of the Army Air Service since the closing shots of World War 1 in 1918.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1924
MANUFACTURER(S): Consolidated / Dayton-Wright - USA
PRODUCTION: 221
OPERATORS: Siam (Thailand); United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Consolidated PT-1 Trusty model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 27.76 feet (8.46 meters)
WIDTH: 34.45 feet (10.5 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.84 feet (3 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,806 pounds (819 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,577 pounds (1,169 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Wright-Hispano E 8-cylinder water-cooled Vee engine developing 180 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 92 miles-per-hour (148 kilometers-per-hour; 80 knots)
RANGE: 350 miles (563 kilometers; 304 nautical miles)
CEILING: 13,448 feet (4,099 meters; 2.55 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 690 feet-per-minute (210 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• TA-3 - Dayton-Wright Production; fitted with Le Rhone C-9 series engine of 80 horsepower.
• TA-5 - Single Production Model Example; fitted with Lawrance J-1 series engine; based on the TA-3 production model.
• TW-3 - Dayton-Wright and Consolidated production models; Dayton-Wright fitted with water-cooled Wright-Hispano E series engines of 150 horsepower and Consolidated fitted with Wright-Hispano E series engines of 180 horsepower.
• PT-1 - Base Series Designation; fitted with Wright-Hispano E series engines of 180 horsepower; 221 examples produced; replaced TW-3.
• XPT-2 - PT-1 model fitted with Wright R-790 series radial J-5 engine of 225 horsepower.
• TW-8 - Unofficial Prototype Model Designation; known as the "Camel" for the visible hump between instructor and student seating positions.
• Consolidated Model 1 - Consolidated Model Designation of the TW-8 prototype.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Consolidated PT-1 Trusty Primary Trainer Biplane Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 3/29/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The "Trusty" was a product of the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation (though designed under the brand of the Dayton-Wright Company, itself a company under parent General Motors) and accepted for service as a primary trainer of the United States Army Air Service in 1921. The PT-1 made a name for herself as a stable and responsive platform (hence the nickname of "Trusty"), garnering the confidence of many early American military pilots. The system was of an advanced design when compared to the earlier all-wooden types of World War 1 and became the first aircraft to be ordered in any quantity by the USAAS (United States Army Air Service - as the American air force was still a part of the army at this time) after the end of hostilities in World War 1.

Externally, the PT-1 appeared as a biplane aircraft with a simple two-wheel undercarriage, an engine mounted at the front of the design, a traditional tail section and twin side-by-side seating for instructor and student. Internally, the aircraft featured a strengthened structure of welded tubing and a choice of a Clerget or Le Rhone engines. The Dayton-Wright Company approached the USAAS to replace their World War 1-era Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" series of trainers and was in turn asked to deliver three TA-3 models for evaluation. Though the design itself proved promising enough, the TA-3 (designated with an "A" for its air-cooled engine operation) was delivered by request with an uprated Le Rhone engine of 110 horsepower. Still further evaluation models were ordered, this time with the requested Wright-Hispano I V-8, 150 horsepower engine of increased power (designated TW-3 with the "W" standing for its water-cooled engine process) finally culminating in an official order by the USAAS.

Production rights for the trainer were secured by the newly-created Consolidated Aircraft Company (established by Reuben Fleet of the Gallaudet firm) as General Motors was reviewing their commitment to aircraft production in a post-war world and would eventually shut down operations at Dayton-Wright altogether. The TW-3 was delivered by 1923 and became the first notable variant of the "Trusty" production line.

Improvements to the TW-3 design continued and included the removal of the engine cowling (for improved forward cockpit visibility) and a redesigned fuselage in a slimmer form with tandem instructor/student seating (this model being known as the "Camel" for the visible bump appearing between the two seating areas). The Camel was evaluated under the (unofficial) designation TW-8 and accepted into service as the PT-1 with 221 being delivered beginning 1924 and replacing the TW-3's in service. The PT-1 educated generations of aviators from the middle of the 1920's into the 1930's.

The PT-1 would eventually be replaced itself by the Consolidated PT-3 from 1928 onwards.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (92mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Consolidated PT-1 Trusty's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
221
221

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.