Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships
HOME
AVIATION
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
WORLD WAR 1


Morane-Saulnier Type N


Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Aircraft


The Morane-Saulnier Type N was of an advanced aerodynamic design for the time.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 6/6/2018
National Flag Graphic

Specifications


Year: 1915
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Manufacturer(s): Morane-Saulnier - France
Production: 49
Capabilities: Fighter;
Crew: 1
Length: 21.98 ft (6.7 m)
Width: 27.23 ft (8.3 m)
Height: 8.20 ft (2.5 m)
Weight (Empty): 635 lb (288 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 979 lb (444 kg)
Power: 1 x Le Rhone 9C rotary piston engine developing 110 horsepower driving a two-bladed propeller at the nose.
Speed: 103 mph (165 kph; 89 kts)
Ceiling: 13,123 feet (4,000 m; 2.49 miles)
Range: 140 miles (225 km; 121 nm)
Rate-of-Climb: 820 ft/min (250 m/min)
Operators: France; Imperial Russia; Ukraine; United Kingdom
The Moraine-Saulnier Type N (or simply "Moraine-Saulnier N") was a French fighter aircraft of the First World War. It appeared in limited production numbers (just 49 total aircraft) and was quickly replaced by more advanced platforms. The aircraft was in itself a great aerodynamic triumph utilizing an air-deflecting spinner at the front of the design and wing-warping (a Wright Brothers patented design technique) instead of moving surface planes more common in other aircraft of the war.

The Type N entered service in 1915. It appeared as an advanced aerodynamic monoplane design with most of the fuselage width dedicated to the Le Rhone 9C rotary piston engine of 110 horsepower. Wings were held well-forward in the design and mounted high. Landing gear were made up of two bicycle type wheels, also held forward. The pilot sat directly aft of the engine placement in an open-air cockpit with a clean look over the nose and under the wings, nothing but a small windshield to deflect oncoming debris. The distinct propeller spinner was the most notable part of the Type N's design as it lent the aircraft a design look well ahead of its time. Unfortunately for posterity's sake, it was soon found that the large metal spinner was actually the cause of engine overheating and was removed from future deliveries. This effectively solved all engine heating issues for the Le Rhone but removed one of the most ingenious parts of the aircraft in the process. Interestingly enough, the removal of the component did little in the way of enhancing or decreasing the aircraft's overall performance specs.

Armament consisted of a single .303 caliber machine gun which could be interchangeably of a Vickers or Hotchkiss design. At this time, synchronized or interrupted firing of machine guns through the propeller blades was generally still being reviewed and developed, forcing the Type N to take make-shift approach developed by Raymond Saulnier himself. The machine gun fired directly into the spinning propeller blades with each blade mounting deflector wedges. The wedges were known to decrease the performance of the spinning blade somewhat but allowed for firing of the machine gun nonetheless.

In essence, the operator could fire his machine gun at leisure though the actual amount of projectiles getting through the spinning blades would seemingly become random and hardly practical in a dogfight - still, the idea fared better than carrying rifles and pistols aloft. Though both sides inevitably released their synchronized firing mechanisms into the war, the Germans would get credited with first use of the concept via their Fokker platform in 1915. Interruptible machine gun systems would see use up until the Korean War, to which the jet age revolutionized every facet of dog fighting from there on.

The Morane-Saulnier Type N was utilized by French Air Forces (as the MS.5C.1) along with the British (referring to it as the "Bullet" for its spinner attachment) and the Imperial Russian Air Service. In practice, the aircraft proved to be a handful to fly and land. The wing-warping approach no doubt added to the operational dangers and it would take a well-trained pilot to fly the machine for any length of time. A high landing speed was reported, adding yet another element of danger for the man at the controls.






Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun

Armament



STANDARD; FIXED:
1 x 7.7mm OR 8mm Vickers OR Hotchkiss fixed forward-firing machine gun.

Variants / Models



• Morane-Saulnier N (also Morane-Saulnier Type N) - Single-Seat Fighter/Reconnaissance Platform.
• Morane-Saulnier Type Nm - Redesigned tail section; limited production.
• MS.5C.1 - Official French Air Force Designation
• "Bullet" - British Designation
Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map

www.MilitaryFactory.com. Site content ©2003- MilitaryFactory.com, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo