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Grumman F2F

United States (1935)
Picture of Grumman F2F Carrierborne Biplane Fighter Aircraft

The Grumman F2F served the United States Navy as a primary carrier fighter in limited quantities in the latter half of the 1930s.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Grumman F2F Carrierborne Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 4/5/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Leroy Grumman designed this portly biplane fighter for the United States Navy. Grumman had already made a steady image for his company with the design of the FF-1, a similar two-seat biplane fighter that proved quite the speedy performer for the time. As such, the United States Navy had little reservation when it awarded Grumman a contract for his new XF2F-1. 55 Total F2F-1 production fighters were eventually delivered. An initial order of 54 was augmented by one to replace an F2F-1 that had crashed. By today standards, the F2F served a short operational life serving from 1935 into 1940, no doubt overtaken by the more advanced systems appearing in war time America. First flight of the system was achieved on October 31st, 1933 with deliveries beginning on January 19th, 1935. Design was handled by Leroy Grumman himself.

At its core, the F2F was an aircraft design seemingly caught between two eras of aviation. It featured an open-air cockpit and staggered, uneven biplane wing assemblies supported by parallel struts and cabling with the pilot sitting just behind the upper wing element. The F2F was distinct in its portly stout fuselage which housed the then-experimental single Pratt & Whitney XR-1534-44 Twin Wasp Junior radial piston engine. Performance included a top speed of 238 miles per hour, a range of 985 miles and a service ceiling of 27,500 feet. As an inter-war aircraft design, however, the F2F was a hotrod.

Like other Grumman designs of the time, the undercarriage was retractable, though the wheels themselves were clearly visible along the sides of the forward fuselage even when fully retracted. The undercarriage was conventional, featuring two main landing gears and a tail wheel. The F2F was designed for operations originating from carriers or land-based airfields. Armament was limited to 2 x 7.62mm machine guns fixed into the engine cowl. The aircraft was also constructed to be watertight in the event that the aircraft was forced to crash land in the ocean - this was a naval aircraft after all.

By September of 1940, the little design had met its fate, replaced by vastly improved aircraft. The United States was the sole operator of the type. The Grumman F3F, another similar biplane design, was developed from the F2F and became the last American biplane accepted into operational service.

Any available statistics for the Grumman F2F Carrierborne Biplane Fighter Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (238mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Grumman F2F-1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
55
55


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: United States
Year: 1935
Type: Carrierborne Biplane Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Grumman - USA
Production: 55
Global Operators:
United States
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Grumman F2F-1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
21.42 ft


Meters
6.53 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
28.51 ft


Meters
8.69 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.09 ft


Meters
2.77 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
2,692 lb


Kilograms
1,221 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
3,847 lb


Kilograms
1,745 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Pratt & Whitney R-1535-72 Twin Wasp Junior radial piston engine developing 650 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
238 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
383 kph


Knots
207 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
985 mi


Kilometers
1,585 km


Nautical Miles
856 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
27,493 ft


Meters
8,380 m


Miles
5.21 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
3,080 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
939 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

2 x 7.62mm machine guns in upper forward fuselage.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• XF2F-1 - Prototype Designation
• F2F-1 - Single-Seat Fighter; lighter overall design based on the FF-1; 2 x 7.62mm machine guns; watertight compartments; 1 x Pratt & Whitney XR-1534-44 Twin Wasp Junior radial piston engine of 625 horsepower.