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Grumman F2F

Carrierborne Biplane Fighter Aircraft

Grumman F2F

Carrierborne Biplane Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Grumman F2F served the United States Navy as a primary carrier fighter in limited quantities in the latter half of the 1930s.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1935
MANUFACTURER(S): Grumman - USA
PRODUCTION: 55
OPERATORS: United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Grumman F2F model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 21.42 feet (6.53 meters)
WIDTH: 28.51 feet (8.69 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.09 feet (2.77 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 2,692 pounds (1,221 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 3,847 pounds (1,745 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-1535-72 Twin Wasp Junior radial piston engine developing 650 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 238 miles-per-hour (383 kilometers-per-hour; 207 knots)
RANGE: 985 miles (1,585 kilometers; 856 nautical miles)
CEILING: 27,493 feet (8,380 meters; 5.21 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 3,080 feet-per-minute (939 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



2 x 7.62mm machine guns in upper forward fuselage.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• XF2F-1 - Prototype Designation
• F2F-1 - Single-Seat Fighter; lighter overall design based on the FF-1; 2 x 7.62mm machine guns; watertight compartments; 1 x Pratt & Whitney XR-1534-44 Twin Wasp Junior radial piston engine of 625 horsepower.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Grumman F2F Carrierborne Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 4/5/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Leroy Grumman designed this portly biplane fighter for the United States Navy. Grumman had already made a steady image for his company with the design of the FF-1, a similar two-seat biplane fighter that proved quite the speedy performer for the time. As such, the United States Navy had little reservation when it awarded Grumman a contract for his new XF2F-1. 55 Total F2F-1 production fighters were eventually delivered. An initial order of 54 was augmented by one to replace an F2F-1 that had crashed. By today standards, the F2F served a short operational life serving from 1935 into 1940, no doubt overtaken by the more advanced systems appearing in war time America. First flight of the system was achieved on October 31st, 1933 with deliveries beginning on January 19th, 1935. Design was handled by Leroy Grumman himself.

At its core, the F2F was an aircraft design seemingly caught between two eras of aviation. It featured an open-air cockpit and staggered, uneven biplane wing assemblies supported by parallel struts and cabling with the pilot sitting just behind the upper wing element. The F2F was distinct in its portly stout fuselage which housed the then-experimental single Pratt & Whitney XR-1534-44 Twin Wasp Junior radial piston engine. Performance included a top speed of 238 miles per hour, a range of 985 miles and a service ceiling of 27,500 feet. As an inter-war aircraft design, however, the F2F was a hotrod.

Like other Grumman designs of the time, the undercarriage was retractable, though the wheels themselves were clearly visible along the sides of the forward fuselage even when fully retracted. The undercarriage was conventional, featuring two main landing gears and a tail wheel. The F2F was designed for operations originating from carriers or land-based airfields. Armament was limited to 2 x 7.62mm machine guns fixed into the engine cowl. The aircraft was also constructed to be watertight in the event that the aircraft was forced to crash land in the ocean - this was a naval aircraft after all.

By September of 1940, the little design had met its fate, replaced by vastly improved aircraft. The United States was the sole operator of the type. The Grumman F3F, another similar biplane design, was developed from the F2F and became the last American biplane accepted into operational service.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (238mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Grumman F2F-1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
55
55

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue