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Fiat Cr.42 Falco (Falcon)

Biplane Fighter Aircraft

Fiat Cr.42 Falco (Falcon)

Biplane Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Fiat CR.42 was designed off the successes of the CR.32, with Italy still believing in the capabilities of biplane aircraft.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Kingdom of Italy
YEAR: 1939
MANUFACTURER(S): Fiat - Italy
PRODUCTION: 1,784
OPERATORS: Belgium; Nazi Germany; Hungary; Kingdom of Italy; Sweden.
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Fiat Cr.42 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 27.13 feet (8.27 meters)
WIDTH: 31.82 feet (9.7 meters)
HEIGHT: 11.78 feet (3.59 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 3,929 pounds (1,782 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 5,066 pounds (2,298 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Fiat A.74 R1C 14-cylinder radial piston engine developing 840 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 267 miles-per-hour (430 kilometers-per-hour; 232 knots)
RANGE: 482 miles (775 kilometers; 418 nautical miles)
CEILING: 33,465 feet (10,200 meters; 6.34 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,340 feet-per-minute (713 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



EARLY:
2 x 7.7 Breda-SAFAT machine guns

LATE:
2 x 12.7mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns

OPTIONAL:
2 x 12.7mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns in underwing blisters
440lbs of bombs held underwing
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• CR.42 - Base series designation; fitted with 12.7mm OR 7.7mm machine guns in some cases; some CR.42 models converted to twin-seat communications platforms.
• CR.42AS - Desert Modified Model
• CR.42B (CR.42DB) - Single Example Model fitted with Daimler-Benz DB 601 series engine for improved speed.
• CR.42bis - Fitted with 4 x 12.7mm machine guns and 2 x 7.7mm machie guns (these in underwing blister positions).
• CR.42CN - Nightfighter
• ICR.42 - Prototype Developmental Floatplane Model; produced by CMASA.
• CR.42LW - Nightfighter used by Luftwaffe.
• CR.42 "Bombe Alari" - Modified Bomber Model


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Fiat Cr.42 Falco (Falcon) Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/31/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Despite its by-gone era appearance, the Fiat CR.42 Falco (meaning "Falcon") played a crucial role in the early war years for Italy, serving as the primary fighter for the Italian air force (Regia Aeronautica. The system was fielded in some quantity with multiple nations and provided some surprising combat capabilities despite the old-school design. CR.42's served with Italian forces up until the end of Italy's part in the war, ultimately being retired for good in 1945.

Even by 1939 standards, the CR.42 played the role of outdated aircraft by sheer appearance. The system (designed by one Celestino Rosatelli) utilized a sesquiplane biplane approach where the lower wing assembly was shorter in span than the upper. The undercarriage remained fixed and the pilot sat in an open-air cockpit behind the engine and entire wing assembly. A Fiat-brand A.74 R1C 14-cylinder radial piston engine of 840 horsepower powered the type offering up good range and an adequate service ceiling. Armament initially consisted of a pair of synchronized 7.7mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns but this was later upgraded to a more potent array of 2 x 12.7mm heavy machine guns. The latter upgrade could also be complimented with an additional 2 x 12.7mm machine guns in underwing fairing positions. A bombload of up to 440lb could be added underwing for strike sorties.




The Falco was initially fielded in 1939 with over 140 in service by the summer of 1940. CR.42's fared reasonably well as dogfighters and interceptors against French fighters and bombers over Southern France and were adept at bomber escorting and light bombing French ground targets themselves. CR.42's were fielded in this latter role over North Africa as well. Being wholly outclassed by the crop of monoplane aircraft littering the skies by the middle years of the war, the CR.42 played a more diminished role, particularly by the end of Italy's involvement in the conflict. The capitulation of Italy all but ended the Regia Aeronautica-operated CR.42's involvement to which the German Luftwaffe put in an order of their own for some 200 CR.42LW (LuftWaffe) models for "night harassment" duty.

Some 1,784 total CR.42's were produced during the war with just a small portion of that surviving in operational form by war's end. Primary users alongside the Italians included the Germans, Hungarians, Swedes and Belgians. Variants of the base fighter type included a multi-machine gun version in the CR.42bis, a night fighter model in the CR.42CN a two-seat communications platform.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (267mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Fiat Cr.42's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1784
1784

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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