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Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2

Soviet Union (1935)
Picture of Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2 Reconnaissance Flying Boat

Though hardly a heady performer, the Beriev Be-2 served a just cause in the maritime reconnaissance role for the Soviet Union in World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2 Reconnaissance Flying Boat.  Entry last updated on 5/1/2015. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Beriev Be-2 was one of the few flying boats of note fighting for the Soviet Union throughout World War 2 as very little in the way of attention to the class was given. The flying boat design was utilitarian by nature with pedestrian performance but served the VVS-VMF well in the search and rescue (SAR) of downed airmen. Along with a passenger/transport derivative, the Be-2 also managed to set a few world records, particularly in the field of women's aviation - before its inevitable retirement from service.

The Be-2 originally started with the designation of MBR-2. In earlier forms, the system was of a wooden hull design and customized for the short range work required of Soviet operations in the Baltic Sea and Black Sea. This type was fielded throughout most of the 1930's until the advent of World War 2, to which the type was slightly redesigned with a more powerful engine which improved performance and range. This new type was known as the MBR-2bis. The whole MBR series would eventually be redesignated to the more common Beriev designation of Be-2.

From a design standpoint, the Be-2 followed traditions of the time. A design by G.M. Beriev and flown as far back as 1931, the Be-2 made little noise throughout the thirties until Russia was brought into World War 2. A single engine powered the unit and sat in a raised position above the high monoplane wings. Pontoons adorned either wing underside. Armament was defensive in nature as the Be-2 was hardly in a position to do anything beyond short range reconnaissance, transport and rescue work. Armament consisted of just two 7.7mm machine guns - one in an open air bow position and the other in an enclosed glass position midship aft. A crew of four or five were called upon to work the various systems and weapons. Bombload was limited to just 661 pounds.

The Be-2 would see extensive action in numbers for the early and middle parts of the war. In combat, the Be-2 was hardly anything but a flying boat and the systems could do very little but defend with their two small caliber machine guns. At any case, the Be-2 was forced to perform under extreme conditions as a design from an earlier time - in that respect, the Be-2 fulfilled its duty the best it could and deserves at least some mention in the annals of Soviet contribution to the World War 2 air effort.

Any available statistics for the Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2 Reconnaissance Flying Boat are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (154mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Beriev MBR-2bis's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1500
1500


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Soviet Union
Year: 1935
Type: Reconnaissance Flying Boat
Manufacturer(s): Beriev - Soviet Union
Production: 1,500
Global Operators:
Finland; Soviet Union
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Beriev MBR-2bis model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
4 to 5


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
44.29 ft


Meters
13.5 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
62.34 ft


Meters
19 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
12.47 ft


Meters
3.8 m


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
9,359 lb


Kilograms
4,245 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x AM-34NB 12-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 860 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
154 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
248 kph


Knots
134 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
870 mi


Kilometers
1,400 km


Nautical Miles
756 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
19,685 ft


Meters
6,000 m


Miles
3.73 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.62mm machine gun in bow position
1 x 7.62mm machine gun in dorsal position

OPTIONAL:
Up to 661 lb (300 kg) of bombs, depth charges, or mines.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• MBR-2M-17 - Fitted with Mikulin M-17B piston engine of 680 horsepower.
• MBR-2AM-34
• MBR-2M-103 - Single prototype model fitted with M-103 engine.
• MBR-2bis - "Improved" version; fitted with Mikulin Am-34N engine of 860 horsepower.
• MP-1 - Civilian model based on the MBR-2M-17 production model; accommodations for six to eight passengers.
• MP-1bis
• MP-1T - Cargo Transport Variant
• Be-2 - Later Redesignation from MBR-2 series.