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Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2

Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft

Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2

Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Though hardly a heady performer, the Beriev Be-2 served a just cause in the maritime reconnaissance role for the Soviet Union in World War 2.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1935
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Beriev - Soviet Union
PRODUCTION: 1,500
OPERATORS: Finland; Soviet Union
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 4 to 5
LENGTH: 44.29 feet (13.5 meters)
WIDTH: 62.34 feet (19 meters)
HEIGHT: 12.47 feet (3.8 meters)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 9,359 pounds (4,245 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x AM-34NB 12-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 860 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 154 miles-per-hour (248 kilometers-per-hour; 134 knots)
RANGE: 870 miles (1,400 kilometers; 756 nautical miles)
CEILING: 19,685 feet (6,000 meters; 3.73 miles)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
1 x 7.62mm machine gun in bow position
1 x 7.62mm machine gun in dorsal position

OPTIONAL:
Up to 661 lb (300 kg) of bombs, depth charges, or mines.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• MBR-2M-17 - Fitted with Mikulin M-17B piston engine of 680 horsepower.
• MBR-2AM-34
• MBR-2M-103 - Single prototype model fitted with M-103 engine.
• MBR-2bis - "Improved" version; fitted with Mikulin Am-34N engine of 860 horsepower.
• MP-1 - Civilian model based on the MBR-2M-17 production model; accommodations for six to eight passengers.
• MP-1bis
• MP-1T - Cargo Transport Variant
• Be-2 - Later Redesignation from MBR-2 series.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Beriev Be-2 / MBR-2 Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 8/9/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Beriev Be-2 was one of the few flying boats of note fighting for the Soviet Union throughout World War 2 as very little in the way of attention to the class was given. The flying boat design was utilitarian by nature with pedestrian performance but served the VVS-VMF well in the search and rescue (SAR) of downed airmen. Along with a passenger/transport derivative, the Be-2 also managed to set a few world records, particularly in the field of women's aviation - before its inevitable retirement from service.

The Be-2 originally started with the designation of MBR-2. In earlier forms, the system was of a wooden hull design and customized for the short range work required of Soviet operations in the Baltic Sea and Black Sea. This type was fielded throughout most of the 1930's until the advent of World War 2, to which the type was slightly redesigned with a more powerful engine which improved performance and range. This new type was known as the MBR-2bis. The whole MBR series would eventually be redesignated to the more common Beriev designation of Be-2.

From a design standpoint, the Be-2 followed traditions of the time. A design by G.M. Beriev and flown as far back as 1931, the Be-2 made little noise throughout the thirties until Russia was brought into World War 2. A single engine powered the unit and sat in a raised position above the high monoplane wings. Pontoons adorned either wing underside. Armament was defensive in nature as the Be-2 was hardly in a position to do anything beyond short range reconnaissance, transport and rescue work. Armament consisted of just two 7.7mm machine guns - one in an open air bow position and the other in an enclosed glass position midship aft. A crew of four or five were called upon to work the various systems and weapons. Bombload was limited to just 661 pounds.

The Be-2 would see extensive action in numbers for the early and middle parts of the war. In combat, the Be-2 was hardly anything but a flying boat and the systems could do very little but defend with their two small caliber machine guns. At any case, the Be-2 was forced to perform under extreme conditions as a design from an earlier time - in that respect, the Be-2 fulfilled its duty the best it could and deserves at least some mention in the annals of Soviet contribution to the World War 2 air effort.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (154mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Beriev MBR-2bis's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1500
1500

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue