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Consolidated PB2Y Coronado

United States (1940)
Picture of Consolidated PB2Y Coronado Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft
Picture of Consolidated PB2Y Coronado Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft Picture of Consolidated PB2Y Coronado Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft
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With the PBY Catalina firmly entrenched but aging, the US Navy looked to the newer Coronado floatplane design to help carry the torch through World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Consolidated PB2Y Coronado Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 3/29/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

By the middle of the 1930's America was no longer blind to the real possibility that the war would sooner or later be waged along its shores. As such, the United States Navy took action in the requirement for a new generation of flying boat aircraft capable of long range reconnaissance. The Consolidated PB2Y Coronado series reflected just that - a planned replacement for the 1930's era yet successful Consolidated PBY Catalina design already in place.

The PB2Y Coronado first appeared in the XPB2Y-1 prototype form in 1937 - beating out a Sikorsky design - and suffered almost immediately with poor water-based handling and equally dangerous in-air instability issues related largely to the single fin tail design. As such, the tail section was redesigned to incorporate twin-rounded vertical fins which helped iron out the handling issues. The US Navy took this redesigned model as the PB2Y-2 and continued testing as needed. Results necessitated the addition of better armor protection and self sealing fuel tanks which further produced the PB2Y-3. This model would go on to become the definitive production model and also join service in limited numbers with the British RAF.

Design-wise, the Coronado was characterized by its rather stout look, in some ways looking like a shortened Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber with a ship's hull meshed into the design. The flight deck was perched high and forward of the fuselage and adorned on either side by twin Pratt & Whitney type radial engines (these would vary in model types from variant to variant). The rather large looking ASV radome was clearly visible just aft of the cockpit. Wings were high mounted and forward on the tall fuselage and featured retractable wing-tip floats which helped in building better aerodynamic tendencies (this function was similar to the PBY Catalina). The twin fin tail section was also mounted high on the design at rear.

Armament of the Coronado was a well-balanced battery of offensive and defensive implements. Twin 12.7mm (.50 caliber) M2 machine guns were housed in a bow turret, a dorsal turret amidships and a rear turret just aft and between the twin tail fins. An additional 12.7mm machine gun was positioned to fire from hatches in the beam position on either side. To compliment this armament, the Coronado could fulfill an offensive role by being fitted with up t0 1,000 pounds of bombs (held internally in the wing roots) or two Mark 13 type torpedoes held externally.

Despite being of sound design, the Coronado simply was not up to the task of dislodging the favored PBY Catalinas in long distance reconnoitering sorties. Additionally, the Coronado was not implemented greatly as a bomber or anti-ship element, being superseded in this role by the equally capable Consolidated PB4Y-1 series, and aircraft similar in scope but dedicated to land bases and thus not needing any specialist training for water operations.

In British service, the PB4Y Coronado was known as the Coronado Mk I, of which some 10 PB2Y-3 models were allotted the nation. Several subvariants appeared as the PB2Y-3R - a dedicated transport seating some 45 passengers or cargo - and the PB2Y-5R - a converted model for air ambulance duties with room for 25 litters. In all, over 200 Coronados were produced with most models serving in the Pacific Theater (sans the RAF models in the Atlantic).


Picture of the Consolidated PB2Y Coronado Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft
Picture of the Consolidated PB2Y Coronado Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft



Any available statistics for the Consolidated PB2Y Coronado Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (223mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Consolidated PB2Y-3 Coronado's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
217
217


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: United States
Year: 1940
Type: Maritime Reconnaissance / Bomber Flying Boat Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Consolidated Aircraft Corporation - US
Production: 217
Global Operators:
United Kingdom; United States
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Consolidated PB2Y-3 Coronado model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
10


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
79.40 ft


Meters
24.2 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
114.99 ft


Meters
35.05 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
27.49 ft


Meters
8.38 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
40,935 lb


Kilograms
18,568 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
68,002 lb


Kilograms
30,845 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
4 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830-88 Twin Wasp 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engines developing 1,200 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
223 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
359 kph


Knots
194 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
2,371 mi


Kilometers
3,815 km


Nautical Miles
2,060 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
20,505 ft


Meters
6,250 m


Miles
3.88 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
570 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
174 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

STANDARD:
2 x 12.7mm machine guns in bow turret
2 x 12.7mm machine guns in dorsal turret
2 x 12.7mm machine guns in tail turret
1 x 12.7mm machine gun in left beam position
1 x 12.7mm machine gun in right beam position

OPTIONAL:
8 x 1,000lb (454kg) bombs held internally in wings OR 2 x Mark 13 torpedoes (externally held)
Variants: Series Model Variants
• XPB2Y-1 - Prototype Model Designation; single tail fin; retractable wing-tip floats.
• PB2Y-2 - Revised XPB2Y-1 Prototype Design; fitted with 4 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830 radial engines; twin tail fin design.
• PB2Y-3 - Self-Sealing Fuel Tanks; improved armor protection; extended rear hull.
• PB2Y-3R - Dedicated Transport Model; accommodations for up to 45 passengers or equivalent cargo.
• XPB2Y-4 - Prototype Model fitted with 4 x Pratt & Whitney R-2600 type radials; slightly increased performance capabilities.
• PB2Y-5 - Low-Altitude Variant; fitted with single-stage R-1830-92 radial engines; PB2Y-3 models modified to this standard; extended rear hull.
• PB2Y-5R - Air Ambulance Model
• Coronado Mk I - British Designation for PB2Y-3 models.