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Dornier Do 18

Nazi Germany (1938)
Picture of Dornier Do 18 Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft
Picture of Dornier Do 18 Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft Picture of Dornier Do 18 Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft

The Dornier Do 18 was an outdated flying boat design for Germany at the start of World War 2 but managed several distance records for its time in the air.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Dornier Do 18 Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/7/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Though a serviceable flying boat with a successful pedigree, the Dornier Do 18 was highly outclassed and outdated at the start of World War 2 and was subsequently used in limited numbers, relegated mostly to air and sea rescue operations and the like. Based on the Dornier Do 15 series of mail-carrying flying boats, the Do 18 inherited all of the preceding design's benefits but was outfitted for a militarized role with improved engines and defensive armament. Too many shortcomings in the lumbering design made the reach of such a machine unpractical in the changing face of warfare throughout the conflict though the system would still hold on to some distance records for a time regardless.

One of the most unusual features of the design of the Do 18 was in the implementation of the engines. The aircraft housed two engines in a single nacelle mounted above the fuselage. Generally, the overall look of the aircraft quite attractive, featuring smooth lines and a slim shape. The characteristic boat hull was highly visible on the underside of the fuselage. The large wing elements were high mounted through the raised engine nacelle though not supported at the ends by floats. Instead, the wing elements were supported closer to the wing roots thanks to a smallish structure jutting out from either side of the fuselage. This support was effectively the stabilizing sponsons for water landings and surface idling. Defensive armament found in this militarized variant consisted of a single 7.92mm machine gun mounted in an open-air bow position and an open-air dorsal position. The G-series model incorporated improved armament consisting of a single 13mm machine gun at the bow and a power-operated dorsal turret housing a potent 20mm cannon. Power was derived from a series of Junkers and BMW brand engines throughout the production lifetime of the aircraft and differed slightly in horsepower output.

The Do 18 holds the distinction of being the first German craft to fall to British gun fire. This occurred on September 26th in 1939 in which a Do 18 was felled by a Blackburn Skua. The Do 18 crew landed safely in the water but were rounded up by British naval personnel as prisoners. Once aboard the British ship, the Do 18 was subsequently destroyed.

A dedicated air and sea variant existed as the Do 18N-1 while a dual-control Do 18H was used for pilot training. The Do 18 was replaced in service by the favorable Blohm & Voss 138 series by 1942.


Picture of the Dornier Do 18 Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft
Picture of the Dornier Do 18 Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft



Any available statistics for the Dornier Do 18 Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).




General Assessment (BETA)
Firepower  
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Performance  
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Survivability  
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Versatility  
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Impact  
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Rating: 64 (of 100)
The rating is an internal assessment derived from forty factors pertaining to this entry.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (165mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Dornier Do 18G-1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
100
100


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1938
Type: Maritime Reconnaissance Flying Boat Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Dornier - Germany
Production: 100
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany (retired)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Dornier Do 18G-1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
4


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
63.55 ft


Meters
19.37 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
77.76 ft


Meters
23.7 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
17.45 ft


Meters
5.32 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
13,184 lb


Kilograms
5,980 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
23,810 lb


Kilograms
10,800 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Junkers Jumo 205D 12-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel inline engines developing 880 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
165 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
266 kph


Knots
144 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
2,175 mi


Kilometers
3,500 km


Nautical Miles
1,890 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
13,780 ft


Meters
4,200 m


Miles
2.61 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
468 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
143 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (4):

STANDARD:
1 x 13mm MG 131 machine gun in bow position.
1 x 20mm MG 151 cannon in dorsal turret.

OPTIONAL:
4 x 110 lb (50kg) of conventional drop bombs.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Do 18A - Prototype Designation
• Do 18E - Fitted with Junkers Jumo 205C engines of 600 horsepower each; four produced.
• Do 18F - Later redesignated to Do 18L name.
• Do 18L - Redesignation of Do 18F when refitted with BMW 132N engines of 880 horsepower each.
• Do 18D-1 - Initial Militarized Version; 2 x Junkers Jumo 205C engines; implementation of 7.92mm MG15 machine guns in bow and dorsal positions.
• Do 18D-2 - Do 18D subvariant
• Do 18D-3 - Do 18D subvariant
• Do 18G-1 - "Improved" Do 18; fitted with Junkers Juno 205D engines of 880 horsepower each; 1 x MG131 13mm machine gun in bow position; 1 x MG151 20mm cannon in power-operated turret.
• Do 18H - Trainer with dual-controls sans armament.
• Do 18N-1 - Dedicated Air & Sea Rescue Variant; sans armament.