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Voisin Type 5

Light Biplane Bomber Aircraft

Voisin Type 5

Light Biplane Bomber Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Voisin 5 could mount a single 7.7mm machine gun or a 37mm cannon in the bow gun position.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 1915
MANUFACTURER(S): Voisin - France
PRODUCTION: 300
OPERATORS: France; Imperial Russia; Switzerland
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Voisin Type 5 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 31.27 feet (9.53 meters)
WIDTH: 48.39 feet (14.75 meters)
HEIGHT: 11.91 feet (3.63 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,433 pounds (650 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,513 pounds (1,140 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Salmson (Canton-Unne) 9-cylinder liquid-cooled radial engine developing 150hp.
SPEED (MAX): 65 miles-per-hour (105 kilometers-per-hour; 57 knots)
RANGE: 186 miles (300 kilometers; 162 nautical miles)
CEILING: 11,483 feet (3,500 meters; 2.17 miles)




ARMAMENT



1 x 7.7mm machine gun OR 1 x 37mm cannon at nose.

Up to 132lb of externally-carried drop munitions.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• LAS - Formal Factory Designation
• Type 5 - Base Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Voisin Type 5 Light Biplane Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 12/1/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The French Voisin Type 5 bomber was developed from the proven Voisin III series and saw action in the First World War. Though the III series accomplished what was expected from it, it soon became apparent that aircraft with larger bomb loads were more appropriate for the changing face of the fronts. The III series was used as the basis of a new class of bomber featuring a stronger airframe and more powerful engines among other subtle engineering changes. This new development was now classified as the Voisin Type 5 and served for a time alongside the III models eventually replacing them on the production lines. Valued for a short time, the Type 5 was eventually relegated to bomber training and limited bombing sorties.

On the whole, the Voisin Type 5 (or simply "Voisin 5" or "Type 5") was a single engine aircraft powered by a "pusher-type" propeller arrangement mounted to the rear of a central nacelle. Wings were of the biplane variety - with the top assembly shifted forward - and stemmed from the rear of the nacelle over and under the engine placement. The empennage consisted of Vee-shaped cable-and-strut arrangement leading to the extreme rear where a single vertical tail fin was located, crossing an elongated elevator. The undercarriage was of a quadruple type and remained static in flight, one wheel to a landing gear strut. Seating consisted of a single pilot/gunner/bombardier seated in the forward portion of the nacelle just forward of the engine mounting. This forward position - offering up unparalleled views - held the standard primary armament that consisted of a single 7.7mm machine gun or a 1 x 37mm cannon. Up to 132 pounds of external stores in the form of bombs could be carried. Aside from this base Type 5 model, other developments included an experimental twin engine model appearing for a short time. This particular airframe was used to test a "pusher-puller" engine design layout approach (one engine pulling the aircraft whilst the other pushed it along) to the existing airframe but apparently came to naught.

In action, the Type 5 held its own for the most part but were not very highly sought after by pilots as the weapon she was marketed to be. Despite the beneficial additions and changes to the III series design, the Type 5 was not that much better than the design it replaced. Performance gains were minimal and the increase in power led only to a small increase in overall payload capacity. In the end, yet another attempt at a pusher-type aircraft produced very little operational fruit for the system proved to have some very serious inherent drawbacks including susceptibility to rear attack (no defensive armament was afforded the rear as the engine took up this space) and a single crewmember was expected to fill three onboard roles at once. Other operators of quantitative note included Russia.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (65mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Voisin Type 5's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
300
300

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
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