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Voisin Type 5

France (1915)
Picture of Voisin Type 5 Light Biplane Bomber Aircraft

The Voisin 5 could mount a single 7.7mm machine gun or a 37mm cannon in the bow gun position.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Voisin Type 5 Light Biplane Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 12/1/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The French Voisin Type 5 bomber was developed from the proven Voisin III series and saw action in the First World War. Though the III series accomplished what was expected from it, it soon became apparent that aircraft with larger bomb loads were more appropriate for the changing face of the fronts. The III series was used as the basis of a new class of bomber featuring a stronger airframe and more powerful engines among other subtle engineering changes. This new development was now classified as the Voisin Type 5 and served for a time alongside the III models eventually replacing them on the production lines. Valued for a short time, the Type 5 was eventually relegated to bomber training and limited bombing sorties.

On the whole, the Voisin Type 5 (or simply "Voisin 5" or "Type 5") was a single engine aircraft powered by a "pusher-type" propeller arrangement mounted to the rear of a central nacelle. Wings were of the biplane variety - with the top assembly shifted forward - and stemmed from the rear of the nacelle over and under the engine placement. The empennage consisted of Vee-shaped cable-and-strut arrangement leading to the extreme rear where a single vertical tail fin was located, crossing an elongated elevator. The undercarriage was of a quadruple type and remained static in flight, one wheel to a landing gear strut. Seating consisted of a single pilot/gunner/bombardier seated in the forward portion of the nacelle just forward of the engine mounting. This forward position - offering up unparalleled views - held the standard primary armament that consisted of a single 7.7mm machine gun or a 1 x 37mm cannon. Up to 132 pounds of external stores in the form of bombs could be carried. Aside from this base Type 5 model, other developments included an experimental twin engine model appearing for a short time. This particular airframe was used to test a "pusher-puller" engine design layout approach (one engine pulling the aircraft whilst the other pushed it along) to the existing airframe but apparently came to naught.

In action, the Type 5 held its own for the most part but were not very highly sought after by pilots as the weapon she was marketed to be. Despite the beneficial additions and changes to the III series design, the Type 5 was not that much better than the design it replaced. Performance gains were minimal and the increase in power led only to a small increase in overall payload capacity. In the end, yet another attempt at a pusher-type aircraft produced very little operational fruit for the system proved to have some very serious inherent drawbacks including susceptibility to rear attack (no defensive armament was afforded the rear as the engine took up this space) and a single crewmember was expected to fill three onboard roles at once. Other operators of quantitative note included Russia.

Any available statistics for the Voisin Type 5 Light Biplane Bomber Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (65mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Voisin Type 5's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
300
300


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: France
Service Year: 1915
Classification Type: Light Biplane Bomber Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Voisin - France
Production Units: 300
Global Operators:
France; Imperial Russia; Switzerland
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Voisin Type 5 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
31.27 ft


Meters
9.53 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
48.39 ft


Meters
14.75 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.91 ft


Meters
3.63 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,433 lb


Kilograms
650 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
2,513 lb


Kilograms
1,140 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Salmson (Canton-Unne) 9-cylinder liquid-cooled radial engine developing 150hp.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
65 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
105 kph


Knots
57 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
186 mi


Kilometers
300 km


Nautical Miles
162 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
11,483 ft


Meters
3,500 m


Miles
2.17 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (2):

1 x 7.7mm machine gun OR 1 x 37mm cannon at nose.

Up to 132lb of externally-carried drop munitions.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants: Series Model Variants
• LAS - Formal Factory Designation
• Type 5 - Base Series Designation