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Armstrong Whitworth Ensign

Mail Service / Passenger Transport Aircraft

Armstrong Whitworth Ensign

Mail Service / Passenger Transport Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The impressive Armstrong Whitworth Ensign saw only limited production numbers but managed to serve both sides of World War 2.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1936
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Armstrong Whitworth - UK
PRODUCTION: 14
OPERATORS: France (Vichy French); Nazi Germany; United Kingdom
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Armstrong Whitworth Ensign model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 5
LENGTH: 114.17 feet (34.8 meters)
WIDTH: 123.03 feet (37.5 meters)
HEIGHT: 23.03 feet (7.02 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 35,053 pounds (15,900 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 55,556 pounds (25,200 kilograms)
ENGINE: 4 x Wright GR-1820-G102A geared radial piston engines developing 1,100 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 205 miles-per-hour (330 kilometers-per-hour; 178 knots)
RANGE: 1,367 miles (2,200 kilometers; 1,188 nautical miles)
CEILING: 23,950 feet (7,300 meters; 4.54 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 900 feet-per-minute (274 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• AW.27 Mk I - Fitted with 4 x Armstrong Siddeley Tiger IXC radial piston engines.
• AW.27 Mk II - Fitted with 4 x Wright GR-1820-G102A Cyclone radial piston engines.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Armstrong Whitworth Ensign Mail Service / Passenger Transport Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 1/12/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The impressive Armstrong Whitworth Ensign AW.27 series was made originally designed to a 1934 British government requirement for an air mail service transport to spearhead an improved method of correspondence to all points of the British Empire. The Armstrong Whitworth design was accepted and development proceeded, albeit at a interrupted pace thanks to the ever-changing requirements as put forth by Imperial Airways. Couple that with early engine reliability issues and the Ensign seems to have been doomed to failure. On the contrary, the system was recognized as a successful design and would see many years of usefulness in commercial and military ventures thanks to its stellar design.

Design of the Ensign was characterized by its smooth lines and high-wing mounting. The cockpit was situated at extreme forward offering up good views past the wings which were seated to the middle of the fuselage, far back from the cockpit. Oval-shaped windows dotted the fuselage sides while the fuselage bottom sagged from nose to tail tip. The main landing gear were housed in the wing roots and consisted of large donut type wheels consistent with large aircraft design of the times. Four engines were placed two to a wing in the leading wing edges and contoured nicely into the wing elements. The empennage was of a traditional layout complete with rounded fin edges. Crew accommodations amounted to five personnel that included the pilot, co-pilot, radio operator and - if needed - two cabin stewards for passenger flight. Depending on the required range, passenger seating numbers fell between 27 and 40 total personnel.




The AW.27 came in two dominant variants, categorized by the brand of engine fitted to each. The AW.27 Mk I was seen fitted with four Armstrong Siddeley Tiger IXC radial piston engines whilst the AW.27 Mk II model came with four Wright Cyclone GR-1820-G102A radial piston engines. Beyond that, both models were basically similar in design, layout and operation.

The AW.27 series served with the RAF in military service during the Second World War and also appeared in a single captured form with the Vichy French and later the Luftwaffe. With the RAF, the Ensign served with the No. 24 Squadron.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (205mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Armstrong Whitworth AW.27 Ensign Mk I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
14
14

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue