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Avions Fairey Fox

Biplane Fighter / Light Bomber Aircraft

Avions Fairey Fox

Biplane Fighter / Light Bomber Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The British Fox was built under the Fairey Aviation Company sister name in Belgium, Avions Fairey.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Belgium
YEAR: 1926
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Avions Fairey / Fairey Aviation Company - UK / Belgium
PRODUCTION: 176
OPERATORS: Belgium; Peru; Switzerland; United Kingdom
National flag of Belgium
BEL
National flag of Peru
PER
National flag of Switzerland
SWZ
National flag of United Kingdom
UK
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Avions Fairey Fox VIR model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
POWER: 1 x Hispano-Suiza 12Ydrs 12-cylinder V-type engine developing 860 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
ADVERTISEMENTS
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SPEED (MAX)

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CEILING

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RANGE

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CLIMB RATE

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Armament



STANDARD:
2 x 7.62mm FN-Browning machine gun in upper forward fuselage (fixed, forward-firing).
1 x 7.62mm FN-Browning machine gun on trainable mounting in rear cockpit.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 220lb of external stores (drop bombs).
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants / Models



• Fox - Base Series Designation
• Fox I - Light bomber form (of mixed construction) for service with the Royal Air Force; powered by Curtiss D-12 engine of 450 horsepower; 25 examples completed.
• Fox IA - Powered by Rolls-Royce Kestrel engine of 490 horsepower; three new-build aircraft with eight conversion models from Fox I stock.
• Fox IIM - Proposed light bomber form; metal construction; RR Kestrel engine of 480 horsepower fitted; single-prototype form completed.
• Fox II - Fox IIM produced for Belgian Air Force; Kestrel IIS supercharged engine for enhanced performance; 31 produced locally in Belgium with 12 arriving from Fairey facility in UK.
• Fox III - Kestrel-engined demonstrator; also covers dual-control form for Belgium (these fitting the Armstrong Siddeley Serval engine instead).
• Fox III (Kestrel IIS) - Fitted with Kestrel IIS engine; 2 x Fixed, forward-firing machine guns; 13 examples completed (out of Gosselies).
• Fox IIIS - Trainer form with Kestrel IIMS engine; five produced by Avions Fairey factory.
• Fox IIIC - Combination light bomber/reconnaissance form for Belgian Air Force; Kestrel IIS engine (later the Kestrel V of 600 horsepower); 48 produced locally in Belgian factories.
• Fox IV - Model of 1934; Fox III reconfigured as one-off demonstrator.
• Fox IV "Fox Floatplane" - Variant equipped with floatplanes for on-water/over-water actions; Six completed for Peru.
• Fox VIR - Reconnaissance model for Belgium (24 units) and Switzerland (two for evaluations); fitted with Hispano-Suiza 12Ydrs engine of 860 horsepower.
• Fox VIC - Two-seat fighter form; 52 examples completed.
• Fox VII ("Mono-Fox" / "Kangourou") - Single-seat fighter form; two completed.
• Fox VIII - Model of 1938; Fox VI with three-bladed propeller unit; 4 x Underwing guns; 12 units completed before end of 1939.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Avions Fairey Fox Biplane Fighter / Light Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 4/5/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Avions Fairey was set up in Belgium as an offshoot of the Fairey Aviation Company of Britain. The production facility was initially created for the local production of the Fairey Firefly to these facilities were later used for production of the newer Fairey "Fox" light bomber biplane. Production models were delivered to the British Royal Air Force and adopted for service by the Belgium Air Force with total manufacture being 176 examples. First flight was on January 3rd, 1925 with official introduction following in June of 1926. Final forms were retired with the Swiss Air Force in 1945.

The Fox was an interwar design as characterized by its biplane wing arrangement, open-air cockpit, and the fixed, spatted main landing gear legs. However, such aircraft typically utilized more modern implements such as metal skinning and a wholly shrouded engine compartment. The aircraft seated two in tandem with the pilot in the forward cockpit and an observer/machine gunner in the rear cockpit. Standard armament consisted of 2 x 7.62mm FN-Browning fixed, forward-firing machine guns over the nose (synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades) and a single gun on a trainable mounting in the rear cockpit. The light bomber role was made possible by the carrying of up to 220lbs of externally-held ordnance.

The aircraft's overall configuration was typical of biplane aircraft - an upper and lower wing element was featured with struts and applicable support and control cabling where required. The fuselage was well-streamlined from nose to tail with the tail unit featuring a rounded vertical tail fin and low-set horizontal planes. Power was through a Hispano-Suiza 12Ybr liquid-cooled V-12 engine of 860 horsepower output. Maximum speed was 225 miles per hour with a range out to 635 miles and a service ceiling of 32,800 feet.

By all accounts, the design was sound and proved excellent though production numbers did not reflect this. Avions Fairey Foxes were in play during the valiant - yet hopeless - defense of Belgium during the German invasion of 1940. The aircraft were wholly outclassed by their German rivals in every respect, marking the Fox as an obsolete design heading into a new generation of fighting machines.

Several variants emerged - the "Fox I" was used by the RAF and outfitted with American Curtiss D-12 450 horsepower engines with 25 aircraft produced. The Fox IA followed as eleven examples (eight converted) with Rolls-Royce Kestrel engines of 490 horsepower. The Fox IIM incorporated evermore metal in its construction and retained the Kestrel engine (480 horsepower) though only lived on in prototype form. The Belgian models begam with the "Fox II" and featured supercharged Kestrel engines. A dozen were produced by Fairey in Britain and were followed by 31 examples from Avions Fairey in Belgium. The Fox III marked a British demonstrator model and a Belgian dual-control trainer variant. The Fox IIIS were trainer models. Fox IIIC were Belgian reconnaissance bomber forms with Kestrel engines. These were more modern in their use of enclosed cockpits. 48 were produced in Belgium. Fox IV covered several limited models - a British demonstrator form, a Fox II aircraft with Hispano-Suiza 12Ybrs engine, and a British floatplane form. Fox VIR was a reconnaissance mount with Hispano-Suiza 12Ydrs engine of 860 horsepower to which Belgium collected 24 aircraft and two were delivered to Switzerland. The Fox VIC marked a two-seat fighter form of which 52 were produced. The Fox VII was a fighter model based on the VIR though with only one crew. The Fox VIII was the culmination of the line and featured a three-bladed propeller unit and four machine guns - the guns mounted under the wings as opposed to the upper forward fuselage. 12 examples were delivered.

The Peruvian Air Force joined the RAF, Belgians, and Swiss as operators of the Fox series.




Media







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (224mph).

Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Avions Fairey Fox VIR's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (176)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
176
176

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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