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Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2)

Kingdom of Italy (1940)
Picture of Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2) Technology Demonstrator Aircraft

The Caproni-Campini N1 was anything but an advancement for jet-powered flight, often refered to as a technological dead end.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2) Technology Demonstrator Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/31/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

With the introduction of the N1 (may also be known as the CC.2), Italy became only the second nation in the world to achieve jet-powered flight (Germany being the first), though the development of this particular aircraft did little to further the arrival of the jet age and help a nation stuck on the losing end of a World War. Engine designer Secondo Campini joined forces with the Caproni aircraft firm to try and produce fruit for his labor in reaction propulsion technology. The product would become an interesting mix of the old and the new, for the N1 would feature a basic piston engine driving a fan compressor system with ignited fuel for added propulsion - in effect becoming an engine with afterburn characteristics to an extent. Though not a true turbojet, the N1 was nonetheless a practice aircraft and would prove the engine design possible but effectively become a design that could not be furthered to become something more.

The N1 became a large aircraft design piloted by two personnel. It was a low-wing monoplane with a traditionally-designed empennage and a single vertical tail surface. The intake was open at the extreme forward position and exhaust jettisoned at the extreme rear of the aircraft. The first flight was achieved in 1940 and several more controlled flights followed soon after. As this was mostly a technology demonstrator than a viable fighter design, no armament was fitted the to the system. Landing gear was powered and fully retractable. Keeping with early "jet" designs of the time, wings were straight-wings and featured the distinct smooth curves of piston engine fighter designs. The N1 would achieve a top speed of only 233 miles per hour.
The Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2) neither a true piston engine aircraft or a full-blown turbojet design. As a result, development of this type of technology proved to be a dead end for the most part and the failing war effort at home put priorities for Italy mostly on the defensive. The N1 would never truly achieve much beyond proving a design concept and bringing Italy one step closer to the jet age. The N1 would go on to survive through the end of the war, becoming a museum set piece.






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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (233mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Kingdom of Italy
Year: 1940
Type: Technology Demonstrator Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Caproni-Campini - Italy
Production: 1
Global Operators:
Kingdom of Italy
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
42.98 ft


Meters
13.1 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
52.00 ft


Meters
15.85 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
8,025 lb


Kilograms
3,640 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
9,248 lb


Kilograms
4,195 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Isotta-Fraschini radial piston engine generating 900 horsepower driving a three-stage, ducted-fan compressor system.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
233 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
375 kph


Knots
202 kts


Performance
CEILING


Feet
13,123 ft


Meters
4,000 m


Miles
2.49 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• None.