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Arado Ar 195 - Nazi Germany, 1937

Detailing the development and operational history of the Arado Ar 195 Biplane Torpedo Bomber.

 Entry last updated on 6/15/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Arado Ar 195  
Picture of Arado Ar 195

The Arado Ar 195 never proceeded beyond the prototype stage where just three examples were completed.

The Arado Ar 195 was prototype design intended for operations from Germany's first aircraft carrier known as the Graf Zeppelin. The aircraft was developed to a requirement for a carrier-based torpedo bomber, to which some three total prototypes are produced, only to have the system under perform. As such, the Ar 195's development was short-lived and passed on in favor of the Fieseler-designed Fi 167 system.

The Ar 195 was based on an earlier Arado design in the form of the Ar 95. Major differences between the two systems centered mainly on making the Ar 195 useful in carrier operations, in particular, fielding the system with a tail arrestor hook and other carrier friendly equipment. The Ar 195 featured a single BMW brand 819 horsepower radial engine at front. Wings were of a biplane design, straddling either side of the enclosed cockpit, to which a pilot and rear gunner were situated. Landing gears were fixed and a single vertical tail surface adorned the rear. Armament consisted of a single 7.92mm machine gun in a forward fixed firing position for the pilot and an additional 7.92mm machine gun in a trainable flexible rear gun mount. The aircraft's real bread and butter armament was to feature a single bomb or torpedo in an underfuselage rail mount.

Though the Ar 195 prototype was flying by 1937, the system was not a success. Similarly, the German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin made it out of port, becoming Germany's only carrier of World War 2. The system - like the Ar 195 itself - would never see combat.

Arado Ar 195 Specifications

Service Year: 1937
Type: Biplane Torpedo Bomber
National Origin: Nazi Germany
Manufacturer(s): Arado Flugzeugwerke - Germany
Total Production: 3

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 2
Overall Length: 34.45 feet (10.5 meters)
Overall Width: 41.01 feet (12.50 meters)
Overall Height: 11.81 feet (3.60 meters)

Weight (Empty): 5,247 lb (2,380 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 8,256 lb (3,745 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 1 x BMW 132M radial piston engine developing 819 horsepower.

Maximum Speed: 152 knots (175 mph; 282 kph)
Maximum Range: 351 nautical miles (404 miles; 650 km)
Service Ceiling: 19,685 feet (6,000 meters; 3.73 miles)

Armament / Mission Payload

1 x 7.92mm MG17 machine gun in fixed forwared firing position.
1 x 7.92mm MG17 machine gun in flexible rear cockpit mount.

1 x torpedo OR bomb under fuselage

Global Operators (Customers, Users)

Nazi Germany

Model Variants

Ar 95 - Initial Production Model on which the Ar 195 is derived from.
Ar 195 - Prototype Series Designation of which three examples were produced.

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