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de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth

Basic Trainer Biplane

de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth

Basic Trainer Biplane

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



For its time, there was no more a trusted basic trainer than the storied de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth biplane.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1932
MANUFACTURER(S): de Havilland Aircraft Company - UK
PRODUCTION: 8,868
OPERATORS: Australia; Belgium; Brazil; Burma; Canada; Ceylon; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; Egypt; Finland; France; Nazi Germany; Greece; India; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Malaya; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Pakistan; Poland; Portugal; Rhodesia; Spain; Southern Rhodesia; Sri lanka; Sweden; Thailand; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia
National flag of Australia
AUS
National flag of Belgium
BEL
National flag of Brazil
BRA
National flag of Canada
CAN
National flag of Czechoslovakia
CZE
National flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
National flag of Denmark
DEN
National flag of Egypt
EGY
National flag of Finland
FIN
National flag of France
FRA
National flag of Germany
GER
National flag of Nazi Germany
GER
National flag of Greece
GRE
National flag of India
IND
National flag of Iran
IRA
National flag of Iraq
IRQ
National flag of Israel
ISR
National flag of Jordan
JRD
National flag of Netherlands
NED
National flag of New Zealand
NZ
National flag of Norway
NOR
National flag of Pakistan
PAK
National flag of Poland
POL
National flag of Portugal
POR
National flag of Republic of the Congo
ROTC
National flag of Rhodesia
RHD
National flag of Spain
SPA
National flag of Sweden
SWE
National flag of Thailand
THL
National flag of United Kingdom
UK
National flag of United States
USA
National flag of Uruguay
URA
National flag of Yugoslavia
YGO
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
POWER: 1 x de Havilland Gipsy Major inline engine developing 130 horsepower.
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Armament



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Variants / Models



• D.H.82A "Tiger Moth" - de Havilland Model Designation
• "Tiger Moth II" - T.26/33 Models Built to Air Ministry Specification; rear cockpit instrument training hood; plywood rear fuselage.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane.  Entry last updated on 5/17/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The famous de Havilland DH.82 "Tiger Moth" biplane was a dedicated military-minded basic trainer derived from the preceding DH.60T with its 120 horsepower Gipsy II series engine. The DH.82 was specifically developed by the de Havilland concern as a military product from the beginning and instituted a series of modifications to suit the role including a reinforced airframe and provisions for practice drop bombs or reconnaissance equipment. The Tiger Moth incorporated a metal skin and seated the student and instructor in tandem and the product went on to become a famous British-designed and developed biplane trainer which provided many-an-airman their first taste of heavier-than-air powered flight.

The DH.82 was born through eight pre-production airframes that were assigned the same DH.60T designation as the previous "Moth" trainer line. The aircraft retained the same biplane wing arrangement save for the upper assembly being moved slightly forward to ease cockpit entry-exit and improved vision about the aircraft. This forced the use of angled parallel struts. The engine was fitted to a forward compartment and drove a two-bladed assembly. The student and instructor sat in separate open-air cockpits. The undercarriage was fixed through two landing wheels and a tailskid while the empennage utilized a large-area rudder and low-set horizontal planes. Power was served through 1 x de Havilland Gipsy III series engine of 120 horsepower. First flight of the prototype was recorded in October of 1931 with revised wings incorporating more sweep-back.

Serial production of DH.82 aircraft was massive for the inter-war years and totaled 8,868 units from 1931 to 1944. It was formally introduced in 1932 and saw consistent service into 1952 while remaining a popular mount for civilian pilots. The definitive mark became the DH.82A Tiger Moth Mk II with revised rear-decking. Another version, the DH.82B "Queen Bee", was used as a remotely-piloted target drone. The DH.82C became a "winterized" model for Arctic conditions and operations. There were several sub-variants of this mark.

Military operators proved numerous and ran the gamut of Commonwealth nations. Other foreign operators became Brazil, Denmark, France, Iran and Iraq, Spain, Sweden, Thailand and the United States among others. Having served prior to, and during, World War 2, some examples fell to the enemy Germans (Luftwaffe) during the conflict. However, the true Tiger Moth value was well-known to the host nation of the United Kingdom where the aircraft stocked the inventories of some twenty Royal Air Force (RAF) squadrons and served within the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) as well.

The Tiger Moth remains a popular air show traveler even today (2014) and is used in large numbers despite production having begun in the 1930s.




Media







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (109mph).

Graph average of 90 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
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  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (8,868)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
8868
8868

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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