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de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth

United Kingdom (1932)
Picture of de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane
Picture of de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane Picture of de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane

For its time, there was no more a trusted basic trainer than the storied de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth biplane.


Detailing the development and operational history of the de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane.  Entry last updated on 5/17/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The famous de Havilland DH.82 "Tiger Moth" biplane was a dedicated military-minded basic trainer derived from the preceding DH.60T with its 120 horsepower Gipsy II series engine. The DH.82 was specifically developed by the de Havilland concern as a military product from the beginning and instituted a series of modifications to suit the role including a reinforced airframe and provisions for practice drop bombs or reconnaissance equipment. The Tiger Moth incorporated a metal skin and seated the student and instructor in tandem and the product went on to become a famous British-designed and developed biplane trainer which provided many-an-airman their first taste of heavier-than-air powered flight.

The DH.82 was born through eight pre-production airframes that were assigned the same DH.60T designation as the previous "Moth" trainer line. The aircraft retained the same biplane wing arrangement save for the upper assembly being moved slightly forward to ease cockpit entry-exit and improved vision about the aircraft. This forced the use of angled parallel struts. The engine was fitted to a forward compartment and drove a two-bladed assembly. The student and instructor sat in separate open-air cockpits. The undercarriage was fixed through two landing wheels and a tailskid while the empennage utilized a large-area rudder and low-set horizontal planes. Power was served through 1 x de Havilland Gipsy III series engine of 120 horsepower. First flight of the prototype was recorded in October of 1931 with revised wings incorporating more sweep-back.

Serial production of DH.82 aircraft was massive for the inter-war years and totaled 8,868 units from 1931 to 1944. It was formally introduced in 1932 and saw consistent service into 1952 while remaining a popular mount for civilian pilots. The definitive mark became the DH.82A Tiger Moth Mk II with revised rear-decking. Another version, the DH.82B "Queen Bee", was used as a remotely-piloted target drone. The DH.82C became a "winterized" model for Arctic conditions and operations. There were several sub-variants of this mark.

Military operators proved numerous and ran the gamut of Commonwealth nations. Other foreign operators became Brazil, Denmark, France, Iran and Iraq, Spain, Sweden, Thailand and the United States among others. Having served prior to, and during, World War 2, some examples fell to the enemy Germans (Luftwaffe) during the conflict. However, the true Tiger Moth value was well-known to the host nation of the United Kingdom where the aircraft stocked the inventories of some twenty Royal Air Force (RAF) squadrons and served within the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) as well.

The Tiger Moth remains a popular air show traveler even today (2014) and is used in large numbers despite production having begun in the 1930s.


Picture of the de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane
Picture of the de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane



Any available statistics for the de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth Basic Trainer Biplane are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (109mph).

    Graph average of 90 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
8868
8868


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: United Kingdom
Year: 1932
Type: Basic Trainer Biplane
Manufacturer(s): de Havilland Aircraft Company - UK
Production: 8,868
Global Operators:
Australia; Belgium; Brazil; Burma; Canada; Ceylon; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; Egypt; Finland; France; Nazi Germany; Greece; India; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Malaya; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Pakistan; Poland; Portugal; Rhodesia; Spain; Southern Rhodesia; Sri lanka; Sweden; Thailand; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
23.92 ft


Meters
7.29 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
29.33 ft


Meters
8.94 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
8.83 ft


Meters
2.69 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,102 lb


Kilograms
500 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
1,830 lb


Kilograms
830 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x de Havilland Gipsy Major inline engine developing 130 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
109 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
175 kph


Knots
94 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
301 mi


Kilometers
485 km


Nautical Miles
262 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
13,599 ft


Meters
4,145 m


Miles
2.58 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
675 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
206 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• D.H.82A "Tiger Moth" - de Havilland Model Designation
• "Tiger Moth II" - T.26/33 Models Built to Air Ministry Specification; rear cockpit instrument training hood; plywood rear fuselage.