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Aviatik B.I

Imperial Germany (1914)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Aviatik B.I Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 7/18/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Aviatik B.I  
Picture of Aviatik B.I Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft

The Aviatik B.I biplane aircraft became a capable reconnaissance platform serving with the German Empire up until early 1916.

The Aviatik B.I series handled reconnaissance duties for Germany in the early years of the war, serving up to about early 1916 before being replaced by more improved contemporaries. The system was sufficient in the role and was a product of the Automobil und Aviatikwerke company, which handled production out of facilities based in Austria and Leipzig.

The design of the B.I was basic for the time, of a biplane nature and utilizing a crew of two to handle piloting and observation duty. The crew sat in tandem, though the observer was kept in the front portion of the fuselage with the pilot behind him. In theory, this would have afforded the observer a pretty good view of the front forward facing though it would handicap the pilot by being seated further back than was the norm (the engine was fitted before both seats, pushing the pilot's overall perspective rearwards even more).

The B.I was conceived of from an original racing biplane design appearing in 1913. This was a pivotal undertaking for the Automobil und Aviatikwerke bureau as their previous designs were nothing more than copied French designs, a bit of flattery sent in the "enemies" direction one might think. Nonetheless, the Aviatik B.I served well for its tenure during the war and was eventually superceded by the B.II series, which sported an improved and more powerful Mercedes-brand engine.

Any available statistics for the Aviatik B.I Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Aviatik B.I Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Imperial Germany
Year: 1914
Type: Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Automobil und Aviatikwerke - Germany
Production: 1,200
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 2
Length: 26.15 ft (7.97 m)
Width: 45.83 ft (13.97 m)
Height: 10.83 ft (3.30 m)
Empty Weight: 1,874 lb (850 kg)
MTOW: 2,399 lb (1,088 kg)

Installed Power
1 x Mercedes 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 100 horsepower.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 62 mph (100 kph; 54 kts)
Maximum Range: 249 mi (400 km; 216 nm)
Service Ceiling: 16,404 ft (5,000 m; 3.11 mi)


Operators List
Austria-Hungary; Imperial Germany; Kingdom of Italy; Paraguay; Turkey

Series Model Variants
• B.I - Base Production Model Designation
• B.II - Improved B.I version fitted with more powerful Mercedes powerplant; 1 x 7.7mm machine gun.