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Martin Maryland

Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft

Martin Maryland

Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft


The American-made Martin Maryland saw limited use in limited quantities with foreign forces during World War 2.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1940
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Glenn L. Martin Company - USA
OPERATORS: France; South Africa; United Kingdom.

Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Martin Maryland Mk II model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
LENGTH: 46.59 feet (14.2 meters)
WIDTH: 61.35 feet (18.7 meters)
HEIGHT: 16.40 feet (5 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 10,587 pounds (4,802 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 15,298 pounds (6,939 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp radial piston engines developing 1,200 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 316 miles-per-hour (508 kilometers-per-hour; 274 knots)
CEILING: 31,168 feet (9,500 meters; 5.90 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,400 feet-per-minute (732 meters-per-minute)

6 x machine guns in various defensive positions (four wing-mounted and two positioned ina dorsal turret).

Up to 1,250 lb of internally-held ordnance.
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun

Series Model Variants
• Model 167 - Official Martin Company Designation to USAAC ligh bomber requirement.
• XA-22 - Official Designation for prototype evaluation models.
• M.167F - Initial Production Model Designation; export orders from France.
• M.167 A-3 - Local French Production Model Designation.
• Maryland Mk.I - British Production Model Designation.
• Maryland Mk.II - British Production Model Designation.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Martin Maryland Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 1/21/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©
The Martin-produced Maryland series was classified as a light bomber and saw action as a photographic reconnaissance plane throughout the Second World War. Originally drawn up as a response to a United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) requirement for a light bomber, the type entered evaluation as the "Model 167". When the Martin design was beat out by a Douglas aircraft design, the Model 167 survived thanks to foreign export orders, initially with French forces combating German incursion, and later with British forces Europe and North Africa. Surviving just a few short years of service - basically through the war years before seeing retirement in 1945 - the system was quickly made obsolete by the changing face and requirements inherent in war time.

The Martin Maryland featured a simple twin-engine design, with powerplants mounted on a low-wing monoplane wing assembly. Power came from two Pratt & Whitney type engines with each generating up to 1,200 horsepower. Construction was of all metal to fulfill the requirement of modern aircraft design and the system was crewed by three personnel - a pilot, bombardier and gunner. Armament was a mix of offensive and defensive machine guns with four wing-mounted systems and two in a dorsal turret gun mounting. The design held out some promise, however, as performance was above average in terms of speed.

France ordered up some 200 examples of early Martin Model 167's in a response to the impending war with Germany. Its outdated arsenal of aircraft, tanks and small arms forced the French nation to look outside to find some modern counterparts to which hold the Germans at bay with. With the arrival of the Model 167, the French re-designated the type to M.167 A-3. By the time of the German invasion, the M.167 was fielded in limited quantities but performed well against Germany's top flight aircraft designs and tactics.

As was common after the Fall of France with other French-bound systems from the United States, all remaining Maryland orders were shipped to Britain. Once there, the system gained the British designation of Maryland and appeared in several Marks with the Royal Air Force and the Fleet Air Arm. In British hands, the system performed equally well given its limited involvement and capabilities. Marylands played a pivotal role in the tracking of the German super battleship Bismarck and proved to be a capable reconnaissance aircraft in other photographic sorties.


Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (316mph).

Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (450)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.

Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
Ground Attack
Aerial Tanker
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

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