STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Boeing Aircraft Company - USA
OPERATORS: United Kingdom; United States
LENGTH: 106.07 feet (32.33 meters)
WIDTH: 152.10 feet (46.36 meters)
HEIGHT: 20.41 feet (6.22 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 48,281 pounds (21,900 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 83,776 pounds (38,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 4 x Wright R-2600-3 radial engines developing 1,600 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 211 miles-per-hour (340 kilometers-per-hour; 184 knots)
RANGE: 3,664 miles (5,896 kilometers; 3,184 nautical miles)
CEILING: 19,619 feet (5,980 meters; 3.72 miles)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Boeing 314 Clipper (C-98) Long-Range Flying Boat Aircraft.
Entry last updated on 10/23/2017.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Boeing Model 314 "Clipper" was a flying boat developed by Boeing Aircraft Company to fulfill a Pan American requirement for a long-range passenger flying boat transport. The system saw only 12 examples produced in two variants and could ferry up to 68 passengers in late 1930's/early 1940's comfort. Clippers served in a military capacity once the war was in full swing for America, gradually returning to civilian flight in the post-war world - naturally outclassed by the new crop of longer-range aircraft no available.
The 314 Clipper followed suit with other flying boat aircraft designs of the time, featuring a monocoque stout fuselage and high-mounted engines on a monoplane wing assembly. The crew sat high atop the flight deck and consisted of 11 personnel that would include stewards. Passenger accommodations were variable in that 68 could be flown through daytime routes whilst seating was limited to 36 passengers on overnight route - the seats could be fully converted to sleeping bunks in this case, dropping the total amount of passenger space in this respect. One highly distinguishable design aspect of the Clipper was in the use of a three-fin tail assembly, utilized when testing of single and double tail fins proved inadequate at providing the airframe with additional control.
Boeing 314 Clipper (C-98) (Cont'd)
Long-Range Flying Boat Aircraft
Make no mistake, these aircraft were built with a certain clientele in mind. Professional chefs were hired to provide quality meals from the inflight galley. A separate dining area and changing rooms were also fitted into the design. In essence, the Boeing 314 series was the flying boat of choice for the wealthy American during this time. Transatlantic flying had now undergone a rich evolution, offering up an inflight playground for passengers willing to brave the long overseas flights in style.
Two variations of the 314 Clipper existed as the base 314, fitted with 4 x Wright R-2600 Double Cyclone engines at 1,500 horsepower a piece and the 314A, which saw use of the more powerful Wright Double Cyclone 1,600 horsepower engine. Six of each variation were produced for a total of 12 full operational examples. Clippers were in service with distinguishable names from 1939 through 1951 and were represented as the Honolulu Clipper, Cape Town Clipper, Anzac Clipper, Pacific Clipper, American Clipper, Yankee Clipper, California Clipper and the Atlantic Clipper - all operated by Pan Am. The remaining three Clippers were flown with the British Overseas Airways Corporation and represented with the Bristol, Bangor and the Berwick. Unfortunately, no full examples of the Clipper exist today, with the preceding models being either purposely destroyed, dismantled or lost to accident (three such incidents in this case).
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (211mph).
Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Boeing 314A Clipper (C-98)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units