Military Factory logo

Nieuport 27

France (1917)
Picture of Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft

The Nieuport 27 was a continuation of the Nieuport 17 fighter line of 1916.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/15/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced trainer and frontline fighter, serving with units of the Aeronautique Militaire of France, the Royal Flying Corps of Britain and the Corpo Aeronatico Militaire of Italy during World War 1. Service for the type began in 1917 with production handled by both Nieuport of France and Nieuport-Macchi of Italy. Despite it being categorized as a fighter, the aircraft was generally utilized as an advanced trainer for most of her war-time career. The design was, in essence, a continuation of the successful Nieuport 17 of 1916 attempting to build upon the successes of the former.

Design of the Nie.27 ran in line with the smattering of offerings found throughout World War 1. As a biplane fighter, the Nie-27 made use of a staggered and equal-span wing assembly with the upper surface area noticeably larger than that of the lower. The lower wings were connected to the lower fuselage just below and aft of the engine mount. The upper wing sat some distance above the engine mount and was braced to the upper forward fuselage via four main struts. The wings themselves were set between the engine and the cockpit when viewed in the profile and featured V-struts in a single-bay arrangement. Nie-27s were the last Nieuport fighters to feature this type of wing strut. The engine was fitted to the extreme forward portion of the fuselage complete with a curved cowling and powered a two-blade propeller. The pilot sat in an open-air cockpit with reasonably good views. The empennage was conventional and sported a single vertical tail fin with applicable horizontal planes, all with rounded edges. The undercarriage was fixed and featured two main landing gears and a simple skid at the base of the tail.

When armed, Nie.27s were fielded with Vickers (French and Italian Nie.27s) or Lewis machine guns (British Nie.27s). If a Vickers was used, a single machine gun was fitted to the forward fuselage over the engine compartment just forward of the pilot's windscreen and synchronized, via an interrupter gear, to fire through the spinning propeller blades. If a Lewis-type machine gun was utilized, the weapon was fitted to a special Foster Mount arranged atop the upper wing assembly. It was not uncommon to two machine guns on an Nie.27, though at the expense of some performance. Trainer Nie.27 mounts were unarmed.

General performance for the Nie.27 resulted in a maximum speed of 116 miles per hour with a service ceiling of approximately 18,200 feet. A rate-of-climb to 16,400 feet could be achieved in 22 minutes with an operational range of about 150 miles. Power was initially from a Le Rhone Rotary engine of 130 horsepower (as found on the Nie.24bis series) but this was oft-replaced in the trainer role by lower-rated 110- or 120-horsepower versions.

Most all Nieuport fighters still utilizing the "V-strut" wing supports were given up for good during the spring fighting of 1918, eventually replaced by more able-bodied types - such was the short-lived service life of the Nieu.27.

Operators of the aircraft included France, Italy, Japan, Poland, Russia (later overtaken by the new powered governing the now-Soviet Union), the United Kingdom, the United States and Uruguay. For the United Kingdom, the Nie.27 served with Nos. 1, 14, 17, 29, 40, 60, 67, 111, and 113 Squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps. Poland operation of the aircraft resulted in only a single example being procured. The United States fielded the aircraft as a training mount through the American Expeditionary Force as well as the later United States Army Air Service (1918).

Any available statistics for the Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (115mph).

    Graph average of 90 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Nieuport 27's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1000
1000


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: France
Service Year: 1917
Classification Type: Biplane Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Societe Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport - France / Nieuport-Macchi - Italy
Production Units: 1,000
Operational Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
Bulgaria; France; Greece; Kingdom of Italy; Japan; Poland; Imperial Russia; Serbia; Soviet Union; Thailand; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Nieuport 27 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
19.19 ft


Meters
5.85 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
26.90 ft


Meters
8.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
7.94 ft


Meters
2.42 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
838 lb


Kilograms
380 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
1,290 lb


Kilograms
585 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Le Rhone 9J rotary engine developing 130 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
115 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
185 kph


Knots
100 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
155 mi


Kilometers
250 km


Nautical Miles
135 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
18,209 ft


Meters
5,550 m


Miles
3.45 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.7mm Vickers machine gun in fixed, forward-firing mounting on fuselage OR 1 x 7.7mm Lewis machine gun in fixed, forward firing position on Foster mounting over upper wing assembly (sometimes installed along with fuselage 7.7mm Vickers).
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Nie.17 - Airframe on which the Nieuport 27 is developed from.
• Nie.21 - Regarded as most successful of the Type 17 off-shoots; fitted with 80hp powerplant; enlarged ailerons.
• Nie.23 - Fitted with either 80hp or 120hp engine; based off of the Type 17 but heavier weight.
• Nie.24 - Training variant; featured circular-section fuselage construction; aerodynamic refinements throughout; fixed vertical fin assembly.
• Nie.27 - Featured redesigned tailplane assembly; redesigned tail skid.