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Avro 504

United Kingdom (1913)
Picture of Avro 504 Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft
Picture of Avro 504 Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft Picture of Avro 504 Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft
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The Avro Type 504 biplane became of the most remarkable airplane designs to come out of the fighting of World War 1.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Avro 504 Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/7/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Without knowing it from the outset, the Avro Type 504 series of aircraft would become one of the most produced and influential biplane designs for the United Kingdom, being fielded from 1913 all the way through the early 1930s. The design originally started as an armed reconnaissance biplane but quickly was relegated to the training role with the advent of new and better performing fighter aircraft. This new role would help the Avro 504 to shine in Royal forces service for decades to come.

The Avro Type 504, at its core, was a single engine biplane design. Depending on the model series, crew accommodations amounted to one or two personnel. Armament was usually a forward flexible-mounted Lewis machine gun of 7.62mm caliber. Additional stores in the way of bombs could be affixed to underwing portions of the aircraft. Early models also contained a landing skid in addition to the fixed landing gears, though this skid would be removed in subsequent models.

The legacy of the Type 504 would begin as a further design of the Avro Type 500 basic trainer. With an order placed by the Royal Navy and Royal Army of Britain, the Type 504 was in service by 1913 with its Gnome Rotary engine generating a perceived 80hp which amounted to more like 60hp in practice. Early combat experience saw the Type 504 conduct limited strikes against ground targets with the more-than-occasional Zeppelin-busting sortie to boot. Though a success in these roles, the advancing technology of wartime research forces the Type 504 into training duties by 1914.


Picture of the Avro 504 Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft
Picture of the Avro 504 Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft


The Type 504 proved to be a versatile performer as proven by the myriad of variants produced featuring minor structural revisions, new designations for specialized roles and a plethora of engine fittings. The Type 504K model represented the two-seat version whilst the 504C amounted to a specialized anti-Zeppelin mount. Float pontoons would go on to produce the Type 504L floatplane while the Type 504M was relegated to transport duties. By the end of the war, the system was still seeing production and would see nearly 600 more added to the 10,000 plus total between the years of 1925 and 1932. These would be designated as the Type 504N models and be new production or converted models of existing Type 504s. Type 504s would eventually be superceded by the Avro Tutor aircraft series.

In the end, the remarkable Type 504 series would become one of the most endearing aircraft of its generation. Many a military pilot would owing his wings to having trained on the platform and many more civilian pilots would as well. The Type 504 would become a mainstay of the famous "barnstorming" touring groups as well as becoming a prized collector piece to the avid flyer.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (90mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
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  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Avro Type 504K's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
8970
8970


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: United Kingdom
Service Year: 1913
Classification Type: Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Avro (A.V. Roe) - UK
Production Units: 8,970
Global Operators:
Argentina; Australia; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Canada; Chile; China; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Greece; Guatemala; India; Iran; Ireland; Japan; Latvia; Malay; Mexico; Mongolia; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Peru; Poland; Portugal; Imperial Russia; South Africa; Soviet Union; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Thailand (Siam); Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Avro Type 504K model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
29.36 ft


Meters
8.95 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
35.93 ft


Meters
10.95 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
10.50 ft


Meters
3.2 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,235 lb


Kilograms
560 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
1,830 lb


Kilograms
830 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Le Rhone 9J air-cooled rotary engine developing 110 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
90 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
145 kph


Knots
78 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
249 mi


Kilometers
400 km


Nautical Miles
216 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
15,994 ft


Meters
4,875 m


Miles
3.03 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
700 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
213 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.62mm Lewis machine gun in a forward flexible mount.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Type 504 - Initial Production Model developed from the Type 500 basic trainer; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
• Type 504A - Featured smaller ailerons; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
• Type 504B - Featured larger dorsal fin; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
• Type 504C - "Anti-Zeppelin" single seat fighter; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
• Type 504D - Powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
• Type 504E - Re-engineered wings; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 100hp.
• Type 504J - Powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 100hp.
• Type 504K - Standard RAF Two-Seat Trainer Model; universal engine mounting (inline, radial or rotary types).
• Type 504L - Floatplane Derivative
• Type 504M - Cabin Transport Aircraft
• Type 504N - Post-War Conversion Models featuring subtle modifications and redesigns to structure and landing systems; fitted with Armstrong Siddeley Lynx IV radial engines.