×
Home Aircraft / Aviation Naval Warfare Land Systems Small Arms
HOME
AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 1

Avro 504


Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft


The Avro Type 504 biplane became of the most remarkable airplane designs to come out of the fighting of World War 1.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 6/7/2017
Without knowing it from the outset, the Avro Type 504 series of aircraft would become one of the most produced and influential biplane designs for the United Kingdom, being fielded from 1913 all the way through the early 1930s. The design originally started as an armed reconnaissance biplane but quickly was relegated to the training role with the advent of new and better performing fighter aircraft. This new role would help the Avro 504 to shine in Royal forces service for decades to come.

The Avro Type 504, at its core, was a single engine biplane design. Depending on the model series, crew accommodations amounted to one or two personnel. Armament was usually a forward flexible-mounted Lewis machine gun of 7.62mm caliber. Additional stores in the way of bombs could be affixed to underwing portions of the aircraft. Early models also contained a landing skid in addition to the fixed landing gears, though this skid would be removed in subsequent models.

The legacy of the Type 504 would begin as a further design of the Avro Type 500 basic trainer. With an order placed by the Royal Navy and Royal Army of Britain, the Type 504 was in service by 1913 with its Gnome Rotary engine generating a perceived 80hp which amounted to more like 60hp in practice. Early combat experience saw the Type 504 conduct limited strikes against ground targets with the more-than-occasional Zeppelin-busting sortie to boot. Though a success in these roles, the advancing technology of wartime research forces the Type 504 into training duties by 1914.


The Type 504 proved to be a versatile performer as proven by the myriad of variants produced featuring minor structural revisions, new designations for specialized roles and a plethora of engine fittings. The Type 504K model represented the two-seat version whilst the 504C amounted to a specialized anti-Zeppelin mount. Float pontoons would go on to produce the Type 504L floatplane while the Type 504M was relegated to transport duties. By the end of the war, the system was still seeing production and would see nearly 600 more added to the 10,000 plus total between the years of 1925 and 1932. These would be designated as the Type 504N models and be new production or converted models of existing Type 504s. Type 504s would eventually be superceded by the Avro Tutor aircraft series.

In the end, the remarkable Type 504 series would become one of the most endearing aircraft of its generation. Many a military pilot would owing his wings to having trained on the platform and many more civilian pilots would as well. The Type 504 would become a mainstay of the famous "barnstorming" touring groups as well as becoming a prized collector piece to the avid flyer.






Specifications



Year:
1913
Crew
2
[ 8,970 Units ] :
Avro (A.V. Roe) - UK
National flag of Argentina National flag of Australia National flag of Belgium National flag of Bolivia National flag of Brazil National flag of Canada National flag of Chile National flag of China National flag of Denmark National flag of Estonia National flag of Finland National flag of Greece National flag of Guatemala National flag of India National flag of Iran National flag of Ireland National flag of Japan National flag of Latvia National flag of Mexico National flag of Mongolia National flag of Netherlands National flag of New Zealand National flag of Norway National flag of Peru National flag of Poland National flag of Portugal National flag of Russia National flag of South Africa National flag of Soviet Union National flag of Spain National flag of Sweden National flag of Switzerland National flag of Taiwan National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkey National flag of United Kingdom National flag of United States National flag of Uruguay Argentina; Australia; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Canada; Chile; China; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Greece; Guatemala; India; Iran; Ireland; Japan; Latvia; Malay; Mexico; Mongolia; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Peru; Poland; Portugal; Imperial Russia; South Africa; Soviet Union; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Thailand (Siam); Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Training
Length:
29.36 ft (8.95 m)
Width/Span:
35.93 ft (10.95 m)
Height:
10.50 ft (3.2 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Avro Type 504K production model)
Empty Weight:
1,235 lb (560 kg)
MTOW:
1,830 lb (830 kg)
(Diff: +595lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Avro Type 504K production model)
1 x Le Rhone 9J air-cooled rotary engine developing 110 horsepower.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Avro Type 504K production model)
Maximum Speed:
90 mph (145 kph; 78 kts)
Service Ceiling:
15,994 feet (4,875 m; 3.03 miles)
Maximum Range:
249 miles (400 km; 216 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
700 ft/min (213 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Avro Type 504K production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
STANDARD:
1 x 7.62mm Lewis machine gun in a forward flexible mount.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Avro Type 504K production model)
Type 504 - Initial Production Model developed from the Type 500 basic trainer; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
Type 504A - Featured smaller ailerons; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
Type 504B - Featured larger dorsal fin; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
Type 504C - "Anti-Zeppelin" single seat fighter; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
Type 504D - Powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 80hp.
Type 504E - Re-engineered wings; powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 100hp.
Type 504J - Powered by a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine generating 100hp.
Type 504K - Standard RAF Two-Seat Trainer Model; universal engine mounting (inline, radial or rotary types).
Type 504L - Floatplane Derivative
Type 504M - Cabin Transport Aircraft
Type 504N - Post-War Conversion Models featuring subtle modifications and redesigns to structure and landing systems; fitted with Armstrong Siddeley Lynx IV radial engines.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-