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Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul) - Imperial Japan, 1944

Detailing the development and operational history of the Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul) Reconnaissance Floatplane / Dive Bomber Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 1/22/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul)  
Picture of Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul)
Picture of Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul)

The Japanese Aichi E16A series was a great all-around floatplane - though appearing too late in World War 2 to see much use.

The E16A Zuiun (translated into "Auspicious Cloud" and codenamed "Paul" by the Allies) was a dedicated reconnaissance floatplane and part-time dive-bomber for the Empire of Japan in World War Two. The system was an excellent floatplane type by all accounts, yet appeared at a time when Allied aircraft maintained much of the Pacific skies, relegating the E16A to limited use and even more limited production figures.

The E16A was typical of the Japanese assortment of floatplanes in its arsenal. The system was devised as a direct successor to the E13A "Jake" series of floatplane, both of which were produced by the Aichi aircraft firm. The E16A has crew accommodations for two personnel, a pilot and a rear-cockpit gunner. Pontoons were fitted underside in place of traditional landing gears. Standard armament was 2 x 20mm forward-fixed cannons in the wings and a single 7.7mm machine gun for the rear gunner. An underfuselage position was utilized for strike runs, though the primary use of the aircraft was of carrier-based reconnaissance.

The Aichi E16A was powered by a single Mitsubishi three-blade MK8D Kinsei 54 14-cylinder radial piston engine and could achieve a service ceiling of nearly 33,000 feet while reaching speeds of over 270 miles per hour. Range, like its predecessor, was an impressive 1,491 miles - crucial when operating in the vast open areas of the Pacific Ocean. 256 total examples of the E16A were ever produced and of only made up of the single E16A-1 model designation.

Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul) Specifications

Service Year: 1944
Type: Reconnaissance Floatplane / Dive Bomber Aircraft
National Origin: Imperial Japan
Manufacturer(s): Aichi - Japan
Total Production: 256

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 2
Overall Length: 35.53 feet (10.83 meters)
Overall Width: 42.03 feet (12.81 meters)
Overall Height: 15.72 feet (4.79 meters)

Weight (MTOW): 10,053 lb (4,560 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 1 x Mitsubishi Kinsei 54 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine developing 1,300 horsepower.

Maximum Speed: 237 knots (273 mph; 439 kph)
Maximum Range: 1,296 nautical miles (1,491 miles; 2,400 km)
Service Ceiling: 32,808 feet (10,000 meters; 6.21 miles)

Armament / Mission Payload

2 x 20mm cannon (forward-firing fixed in wings)
1 x 7.7mm machine gun in rear cockpit position

Underfuselage provision for external stores.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)

Imperial Japan

Model Variants

E16A - Base Series Designation
E16A-1 - Only production version produced.

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