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Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya


Trainer / Light Strike Jet-Powered Aircraft


The Aero L-29 was an important trainer for the Soviet Union and its sattlelite states
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 4/11/2018
The Czech designed and produced Aero L-29 Delfin (translating to "Dolphin"; NATO designation of "Maya") series was a highly utilized Cold War jet trainer aircraft for the Soviet Union and its satellite states. The twin-seat aircraft was capable of speeds over 400 miles per hour and a ceiling of over 36,000 feet. Seeing large numbers, the L-29 was produced up until 1974 with many still in service in poorer military units around the world.

The single engine performer was built from two XL-29-designated prototypes - one fitted with a British Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet engine and another fitted with an indigenous M 701 turbojet. Further development saw a three-way competitive fly-off occur against the Yak-30 design and the PZL Mielec TS-11 Iskra with the L-29 coming out ahead (Poland would go on to utilize the TS-11 trainer however). From there, the L-29 system would be fielded throughout the Soviet Bloc countries as the premiere jet trainer aircraft.

With two available underwing hardpoints, a light attack strike aircraft was designed that could carry gun pods, drop bombs and rockets. Specialized aerobatic performers were also devised from the existing base L-29 airframe and production of the entire L-29 series amounted to well over 3,600 strong.






Specifications



Year:
1963
Status
Active, Limited Service
Crew
2
[ 3,600 Units ] :
Aero Vodochody - Czechoslovakia
National flag of Angola National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Czech Republic National flag of Georgia National flag of Ghana National flag of Iraq National flag of Mali National flag of Romania National flag of Slovakia National flag of Soviet Union National flag of Syria Angola; Azerbaijan; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Soviet Union; Georgia; Ghana; Iraq; Mali; Romania; Syria; Slovakia
- Training
Length:
35.47 ft (10.81 m)
Width/Span:
33.76 ft (10.29 m)
Height:
10.17 ft (3.1 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya production model)
Empty Weight:
5,214 lb (2,365 kg)
MTOW:
7,804 lb (3,540 kg)
(Diff: +2,590lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya production model)
1 x Motorlet M 701c 500 turbojet engine generating 1,960lbs of thrust.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya production model)
Maximum Speed:
407 mph (655 kph; 354 kts)
Service Ceiling:
36,089 feet (11,000 m; 6.84 miles)
Maximum Range:
398 miles (640 km; 346 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
2,755 ft/min (840 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
Mission-specific ordnance can include any of the following (limited to two external underwing hardpoints):

2 x 7.62mm Gun Pods
2 x 220lb Drop Bombs
8 x High Explosive Light air-to-surface rockets
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya production model)
XL-29 - Prototype series; first prototype fitted with Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet engine; Second prototype fitted with M 701 turbojet powerplant.
L-29 - Base Series Designation; basic trainer.
L-29A - Delfin "Akrobat" - Acrobatic Performer.
L-29R - Dedicated Light Strike Aircraft Variant

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