STATUS: Active, Limited Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Aero Vodochody - Czechoslovakia
OPERATORS: Angola; Azerbaijan; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Soviet Union; Georgia; Ghana; Iraq; Mali; Romania; Syria; Slovakia
LENGTH: 35.47 feet (10.81 meters)
WIDTH: 33.76 feet (10.29 meters)
HEIGHT: 10.17 feet (3.1 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 5,214 pounds (2,365 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 7,804 pounds (3,540 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Motorlet M 701c 500 turbojet engine generating 1,960lbs of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 407 miles-per-hour (655 kilometers-per-hour; 354 knots)
RANGE: 398 miles (640 kilometers; 346 nautical miles)
CEILING: 36,089 feet (11,000 meters; 6.84 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,755 meters (840 meters-per-minute)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya Trainer / Light Strike Jet-Powered Aircraft.
Entry last updated on 4/11/2018.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Czech designed and produced Aero L-29 Delfin (translating to "Dolphin"; NATO designation of "Maya") series was a highly utilized Cold War jet trainer aircraft for the Soviet Union and its satellite states. The twin-seat aircraft was capable of speeds over 400 miles per hour and a ceiling of over 36,000 feet. Seeing large numbers, the L-29 was produced up until 1974 with many still in service in poorer military units around the world.
The single engine performer was built from two XL-29-designated prototypes - one fitted with a British Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet engine and another fitted with an indigenous M 701 turbojet. Further development saw a three-way competitive fly-off occur against the Yak-30 design and the PZL Mielec TS-11 Iskra with the L-29 coming out ahead (Poland would go on to utilize the TS-11 trainer however). From there, the L-29 system would be fielded throughout the Soviet Bloc countries as the premiere jet trainer aircraft.
With two available underwing hardpoints, a light attack strike aircraft was designed that could carry gun pods, drop bombs and rockets. Specialized aerobatic performers were also devised from the existing base L-29 airframe and production of the entire L-29 series amounted to well over 3,600 strong.
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (407mph).
Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
* Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.
** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.