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Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya

Trainer / Light Strike Jet-Powered Aircraft

Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya

Trainer / Light Strike Jet-Powered Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Aero L-29 was an important trainer for the Soviet Union and its sattlelite states
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Czechoslovakia
YEAR: 1963
STATUS: Active, Limited Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Aero Vodochody - Czechoslovakia
PRODUCTION: 3,600
OPERATORS: Angola; Azerbaijan; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Soviet Union; Georgia; Ghana; Iraq; Mali; Romania; Syria; Slovakia
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 35.47 feet (10.81 meters)
WIDTH: 33.76 feet (10.29 meters)
HEIGHT: 10.17 feet (3.1 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 5,214 pounds (2,365 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 7,804 pounds (3,540 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Motorlet M 701c 500 turbojet engine generating 1,960lbs of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 407 miles-per-hour (655 kilometers-per-hour; 354 knots)
RANGE: 398 miles (640 kilometers; 346 nautical miles)
CEILING: 36,089 feet (11,000 meters; 6.84 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,755 feet-per-minute (840 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



Mission-specific ordnance can include any of the following (limited to two external underwing hardpoints):

2 x 7.62mm Gun Pods
2 x 220lb Drop Bombs
8 x High Explosive Light air-to-surface rockets
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• XL-29 - Prototype series; first prototype fitted with Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet engine; Second prototype fitted with M 701 turbojet powerplant.
• L-29 - Base Series Designation; basic trainer.
• L-29A - Delfin "Akrobat" - Acrobatic Performer.
• L-29R - Dedicated Light Strike Aircraft Variant


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya Trainer / Light Strike Jet-Powered Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 4/11/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Czech designed and produced Aero L-29 Delfin (translating to "Dolphin"; NATO designation of "Maya") series was a highly utilized Cold War jet trainer aircraft for the Soviet Union and its satellite states. The twin-seat aircraft was capable of speeds over 400 miles per hour and a ceiling of over 36,000 feet. Seeing large numbers, the L-29 was produced up until 1974 with many still in service in poorer military units around the world.

The single engine performer was built from two XL-29-designated prototypes - one fitted with a British Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet engine and another fitted with an indigenous M 701 turbojet. Further development saw a three-way competitive fly-off occur against the Yak-30 design and the PZL Mielec TS-11 Iskra with the L-29 coming out ahead (Poland would go on to utilize the TS-11 trainer however). From there, the L-29 system would be fielded throughout the Soviet Bloc countries as the premiere jet trainer aircraft.

With two available underwing hardpoints, a light attack strike aircraft was designed that could carry gun pods, drop bombs and rockets. Specialized aerobatic performers were also devised from the existing base L-29 airframe and production of the entire L-29 series amounted to well over 3,600 strong.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (407mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
3600
3600

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
Graphical image of an aircraft air-to-surface missile
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Commitments / Honors
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Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
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Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
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Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
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* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.