×
Home Aircraft / Aviation Land Systems Small Arms Naval Warfare
HOME
AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2
X-PLANE

Vultee XP-81


Mixed-Power Fighter Prototype Aircraft


The Vultee XP-81 was a combination fighter powered by both turboprop and turbojet powerplant technology.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 1/21/2019
The Consolidated Vultee XP-81 was a proposed long-range, high-altitude fighter design that was to be the answer for bomber escorting in Europe but, more importantly, throughout the island hopping campaign of the Pacific. The XP-81 melded together the power of the ever-evolving turbojet engines and the development of America's first turboprop engine.

The single-seat, twin engine fighter was designed around the complicated General Electric powerplant creations that would never live up to expectations with the XP-81 design. To feed the two-engine idea, the aircraft itself was to be of a rather large design for a fighter when compared to its contemporaries in the P-51 Mustang, P-38 Lightning and the P-47 Thunderbolt.

The pilot sat forward of the wing assemblies, offering up tremendous visibility from the bubble canopy overlooking the front part of the aircraft. A four-blade propeller sat at front, powered by the turboprop assembly in the nose. The laminar flow wings sat directly in the center of the design with a low tricycle landing gear system underneath the massive spread. Twin intakes were mounted just aft of the cockpit on the top portion of the fuselage. These intakes were placed as such to feed the single turbojet engine jettisoning exhaust through the rear under the rudder and tail assemblies.

On paper, the design was sound. Estimated capabilities proposed that the system would be able to achieve over 500 miles per hour and reach over 35,000 feet. As impressive ranges were a part of the American aircraft pedigree throughout the war (British and German aircraft seldom were long-range threats to one another), the XP-81 was to have a distance of 2,500 miles - more than enough to keep up with the B-17 and B-29 bomber formations pounding The Reich and the Empire of Japan.

Alas, troubles with the powerplant forced the only flying prototype to be fitted with a P-51 engine alternative. When the turboprop did arrive and was installed, the system produced well under expectations - a full 1,000 horsepower under proposed capabilities in fact. With the war in Europe now held in check by the existing breed of fighter escorts and the island hopping campaigns of the Pacific progressing equally well - though slow-going and costly to US ground forces - the XP-81 project was cancelled along with the order of 13 YP-81 developmental models.

Though envisioned with an armament array of 6 x .50 caliber machine guns, the weapons were never fitted to the aircraft. Provisions for drop tanks or bombs can be assumed. The two surviving prototypes were later found scrapped of most anything of value and, as of this writing, are awaiting their fate with the USAF - perhaps seeing fit to restore at least one model for the USAF Museum in Dayton, Ohio. A sound concept nonetheless, the twin engine creation never really got off the ground.






Specifications



Year:
1945
Status
Cancelled
Crew
1
[ 2 Units ] :
Vultee / Consolidated / Convair - USA
National flag of United States United States (cancelled)
- Fighter
- X-Plane / Developmental
Length:
44.91 ft (13.69 m)
Width/Span:
50.49 ft (15.39 m)
Height:
14.01 ft (4.27 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Vultee XP-81 production model)
Empty Weight:
12,798 lb (5,805 kg)
MTOW:
19,500 lb (8,845 kg)
(Diff: +6,702lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Vultee XP-81 production model)
1 x General Electric XT-31-GE-1 turboprop engine developing 2,300 horsepower and 1 x General Electric J33-GE-5 turbojet engine developing 3,750 lb of thrust.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Vultee XP-81 production model)
Maximum Speed:
506 mph (815 kph; 440 kts)
Service Ceiling:
35,499 feet (10,820 m; 6.72 miles)
Maximum Range:
2,500 miles (4,023 km; 2,172 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
4,500 ft/min (1,372 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Vultee XP-81 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
PROPOSED:
6 x 12.7mm Browning Heavy Machine Guns (never installed).
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Vultee XP-81 production model)
XP-81 - Two prototype examples as S/N 44-91000 and 44-91001.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-