MANUFACTURER(S): Republic Aviation - USA
OPERATORS: United States (cancelled)
LENGTH: 36.61 feet (11.16 meters)
WIDTH: 40.91 feet (12.47 meters)
HEIGHT: 16.01 feet (4.88 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 11,473 pounds (5,204 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 17,491 pounds (7,934 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-4360-13 28-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine developing 3,450 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 490 miles-per-hour (788 kilometers-per-hour; 425 knots)
RANGE: 1,200 miles (1,931 kilometers; 1,043 nautical miles)
CEILING: 41,998 feet (12,801 meters; 7.95 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 5,000 feet-per-minute (1,524 meters-per-minute)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Republic XP-72 Ultrabolt Prototype High-Altitude Fighter / Interceptor.
Entry last updated on 12/26/2016.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Republic XP-72 Wasp Major-powered "Super Thunderbolt" (or "Ultrabolt") was being developed in the latter part of World War 2 (1939-1945) as the ultimate incarnation of the war-winning P-47 Thunderbolt fighter/fighter-bomber (also produced by Republic). The XP-72 incorporated largely the same airframe with the massive, experimental Pratt & Whitney R-4360 "Wasp Major" series engine rated at 3,450 horsepower. As promising as the high-altitude fighter was becoming, the changing nature of the war ultimately found little need for such an aircraft. No more than two prototypes were produced.
As an expediency, the XP-72 made use of both the proven fuselage and wings of the P-47 before it. Some alterations to accommodate the large Pratt & Whitney were made to the airframe and this included a revised lower cowling to allow for proper aspiration of the engine. A large-diameter, four-bladed propeller unit was affixed to the powerplant. The aircraft was indeed considered the "Super Thunderbolt" when compared to the original P-47 offering.
Developed as soon as the P-47 was entering service, the Republic team focused on two preliminary designs that were to take the beneficial design qualities of the existing P-47 and improve upon it wherever possible. The United States Army Air Force (USAAF) accepted both initial designs, one being an XP-69 mated with a Wright R-2160 radial engine and the other the XP-72 with its Pratt & Whitney. As the designs progressed, the XP-69 design - complete with high-altitude features including a pressurized cockpit and armament of 2 x 37mm cannons and 4 x 12.7mm machine guns - was dropped on May 11th, 1943, in favor of the more promising XP-72. Two XP-72 prototypes were then ordered on June 18th, 1943 with the air war in full swing over both the Pacific and Europe.
The first XP-72 prototype flew on February 2nd, 1944 (with a basic four-blade propeller) and development was very much unlike other aircraft of the period in that the program actually exhibited few delays as it progressed. The first prototype flew through the air with ease - even with the turbocharger off - at a very exceptional speed of 480 miles per hour (though neither XP-72 prototype would ever exceeded 500 miles per hour in flight testing). The aircraft proved quite responsive at the controls and pilots commented on it as being "a joy to fly". With the XP-72 achieving success in its early development, the aircraft was envisioned to rival the high-speed, high-altitude performance found in the latter series of British Supermarine "Spitfire" fighters while at the same time offering the operational range that the Spitfire lacked. Indeed, the XP-72 might have been a good candidate for V-1 rocket interception duty over the South of England than the Spitfires already charged with the task.
The second prototype was given an Aero Products contra-rotating propeller arrangement (a pairing of three-bladed units to a single engine, equaling six total blades) and an estimated maximum speed of 550 miles per hour. Primary armament was to become an array of 6 x 12.7mm (.50 caliber) machine guns mounted in the wings (a reduction from the 8 x 12.7mm machine guns in the original P-47 Thunderbol). An alternative weapons loadout built into the contract was to allowed for 4 x 37mm autocannons in place of all of the machine guns. As secondary armament, the aircraft was to carry high-explosive rockets, 2 x 1,000lbs bombs, or 2 x fuel droptanks as needed at hardpoints under each wing.
Despite the performance gains and relatively easy development process, the conditions in the latter years of the war were such that all-new high-altitude fighters / interceptors were in little demand as existing types were more than enough to fulfill the role. The simple truth became that the XP-72 was no longer a needed commodity in the grand scope of the war - particularly with prop-powered aircraft reaching their technological apexes and turbojet technology beginning to take hold. As such, the two XP-72 prototypes were dropped from further development and scrapped by war's end along with cancellation of a production contract for 100 of the type. The XP-72 "Super Thunderbolt" would go down as just another of World War 2's "what-if" programs that failed to materialize any tangible fruits by war's end - leaving to the imagination what impact, if any, such powerful aircraft would have had if promptly adopted into operational service.
Where applicable, the appearance of U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), Russian Ministry of Defense, Chinese Ministry of Defense or British Ministry of Defence visual information does not imply or constitute endorsement of this website (www.MilitaryFactory.com). Images marked with "www.MilitaryFactory.com" or featuring the Military Factory logo are copyrighted works exclusive to this site and not for reuse in any form.
Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (490mph).
Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Republic XP-72 Ultrabolt's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units