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Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando


Twin-Engine Long-Range Transport Aircraft


Aviation / Aerospace

The often overshadowed Curtiss C-46 Commando of World War 2 fame superseded the Douglas DC-3 transports of the era.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 5/21/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
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The United States Air Force utilized the C-46 Commando series as their primary transport workhorse in the Pacific Theater of War during the Second World War. The system was initiated to replace the Douglas series of DC-3 transports and first appeared in prototype form in March of 1940 as the twin-rudder CW-20T. Design specifications called for the Commando to feature a pressurized cabin for up to 36 combat-ready troops, longer range than anything available to the USAAF (United States Army Air Forces) and an above average cruising speed.

The CW-20T prototype later evolved into the CW-20A that featured a revised tail in the form of the more recognizable single rudder assembly. Later development focused in on the requirements as put forth by the United States Army Air Corps which put the CW-20A under trials with the designation of C-55, which consequently ordered a production version of the model now designated as the CW-20B.

The CW-20B was redesignated to the more familiar C-46 identification. Final trial models were provisioned to fit up to 45 combat-ready troops and fitted with two Pratt & Whitney-brand R-2800-51 radial engines. The C-46 entered service with the plain designation of simply "C-46" in the Pacific Theater - and used almost exclusively there up until about March of 1945, to which the Commando would be seen across the European Theater as well. From its initial acceptance into service with the USAAF, the C-46 system would become the heaviest aircraft in that branch of service and make a name for itself as a true warrior workhorse, transplanting troops and cargo alike, across battlefields and beyond.

Variants abound with the C-46 Commando. The United States Navy utilized a designation of R5C for their own Commando version with 160 models of the R5C-1 going to the United States Marine Corps. Specialized utility and troop models would be produced from the hundreds to the thousands. The C-46A Commando itself could carry up to 50 infantrymen and load/unload cargo through a large cargo door on the port side of the aircraft.

The C-46 was officially retired from service in 1968, replaced by the equally effective C-130 series of transports.


Specifications



Year:
1941
Status
Active, Limited Service
Crew
4
[ 3,181 Units ] :
Curtiss-Wright - USA
National flag of Argentina National flag of Bolivia National flag of Brazil National flag of Cambodia National flag of Canada National flag of Chile National flag of China National flag of Colombia National flag of Cuba National flag of Dominican Republic National flag of Ecuador National flag of Egypt National flag of Germany National flag of Honduras National flag of Ireland National flag of Israel National flag of Italy National flag of Japan National flag of Jordan National flag of Kenya National flag of Laos National flag of Luxembourg National flag of Mexico National flag of Nicaragua National flag of Norway National flag of Paraguay National flag of Peru National flag of Republic of the Congo National flag of South Korea National flag of Soviet Union National flag of Sweden National flag of Taiwan National flag of United Kingdom National flag of United States National flag of Uruguay National flag of Venezuela Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Cambodia; Canada; China (Taiwan); Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curacao; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; West Germany; Haiti; Honduras; Hong Kong; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Laos; Lebanon; Luxembourg; Mexico; Nicaragua; Norway; Paraguay; Peru; Republic of the Congo; South Korea; Soviet Union; Sweden; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Venezuela
- Transport
Length:
76.44 ft (23.3 m)
Width:
78.54 ft (23.94 m)
Height:
21.75 ft (6.63 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Curtiss-Wright C-46A production model)
Empty Weight:
32,408 lb (14,700 kg)
MTOW:
45,007 lb (20,415 kg)
(Diff: +12,599lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Curtiss-Wright C-46A production model)
2 x Pratt & Whitney R-2800-51 "Double Wasp" 18-cylinder, air-cooled, radial piston engines developing 2,000 horsepower each and driving four-bladed propeller units.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Curtiss-Wright C-46A production model)
Max Speed:
270 mph (435 kph; 235 kts)
Service Ceiling:
27,559 feet (8,400 m; 5.22 miles)
Max Range:
3,150 miles (5,070 km; 2,738 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
1,175 ft/min (358 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Curtiss-Wright C-46A production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Curtiss-Wright C-46A production model)
CW-20T - Twin-Finned Prototype Model
CW-20A - Converted from the CW-20T Prototype Model; revised tail unit now featured single rudder fin assembly; flattened tailplane halves.
C-55 - US Army Air Corps evaluation designation of the CW-20A model.
CW-20B - US Army Air Corps militarized order production model of the CW-20A/C-55 evaluation model; redesignated to the C-46.
C-46 - Curtiss Model CW-20B based on the CW-20B.
C-46A - Improved and definitive C-46 model; 1,493 produced; fitted with R-2800-51 radial engines; reinforced fuselage flooring; accommodations for up to 50 troops; large port-side loading/unloading door.
XC-46B - Stepped windshield
XC-46C - Became C-46G, then XC-113
C-46D - Improved C-46A; troop transport; double-door model with modified nose assembly.
C-46E - Single Door Model; 17 produced.
C-46F - Improved C-46A; utility transport; 234 produced.
C-46G - XC-46C model
XC-113 - C-46G model
R5C - United States Navy Model
R5C-1 - United States Marine Corps Model; 160 produced.
Cockpit image of the Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando
(Cockpit image represents the Curtiss C-46D production model)
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