STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Yakovlev - USSR
OPERATORS: Bulgaria; Czechoslovakia; Poland; Romania; Soviet Union
LENGTH: 26.64 feet (8.12 meters)
WIDTH: 28.64 feet (8.73 meters)
HEIGHT: 10.86 feet (3.31 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 4,409 pounds (2,000 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 6,693 pounds (3,036 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Klimov RD-500 turbojet engine developing 3,505 lb of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 606 miles-per-hour (975 kilometers-per-hour; 526 knots)
RANGE: 746 miles (1,200 kilometers; 648 nautical miles)
CEILING: 48,556 feet (14,800 meters; 9.20 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 6,693 feet-per-minute (2,040 meters-per-minute)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Yakovlev Yak-23 Single-Seat Jet-Powered Day Fighter.
Entry last updated on 3/16/2019.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Yakovlev Yak-23 was the final iteration of the post-war turbojet designs beginning with the Yak-15 and continuing in the Yak-17 aircraft series. The Yak-23 was similar to the Yak-17 but differed in the utilization of higher-mounted horizontal tail surfacing. Another key difference in the design lay in the larger tail rudder design assembly.
The Yak-23 was a single-engine, single-crew jet-powered aircraft designed on a rudimentary fuselage. A straight-winged design - popular with jet designs of the time - adorned either site of the mid-to-rear mounted cockpit. The cockpit area sunk into the rearward part of the fuselage, adding to the aerodynamic element. The front of the fuselage was dominated by a cone-less intake opening with the turbojet exhaust located at mid-fuselage, just under the pilots seating arrangement. A powered tricycle-type landing gear rounded out the key technological engineering features.
Termed a "light-weight day fighter", the Yak-23 was armed with two 23mm cannons mounted in the nose - this being the now popular alternative to the machine gun-laced fighter designs of the Second World War. A single 132lb conventional bomb could be carrier under-fuselage as well, adding a hint of multirole capabilities.
Flying for the first time in June of 1947, the capable and agile Yak-23 actually used a licensed and imported version of the British Rolls-Royce Derwent engine in the form of the Klimov RD-500 powerplant mentioned above in the specifications. No fewer than 310 were produced and shipped out to Soviet-supported states in Eastern Europe. Yak-23's would eventually be superceded by the more capable delta wing MiG-15 jet-powered aircraft, calling an end to the Soviet barrel-type aircraft designs of the post-war USSR.
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
This entry's maximum listed speed (606mph).
Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Yakovlev Yak-23's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units