Military Factory logo
Icon of a dollar sign
Icon of military officer saluting
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships

Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105

Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter

Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105

Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Airbus Helicopters Bo 105 light utility helicopter has seen military and civilian service across the world with production totals reaching over 1,500 units.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Germany
YEAR: 1970
STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm (MBB) / Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter) - West Germany / Germany
PRODUCTION: 1,500
OPERATORS: Albania; Argentina; Australia; Bahrain; Brunei; Canada; Chile; Ciskei; Colombia; West Germany; Germany, Indonesia, Iraq; Lesotho; Mexico; Netherlands; Nigeria; Peru; Philippines; Sierra Leone; South Africa; South Korea; Spain; Sweden; Trinidad and Tobago; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay;
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airbus Helicopters Bo 105CB model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 38.91 feet (11.86 meters)
WIDTH: 32.28 feet (9.84 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.84 feet (3 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 2,822 pounds (1,280 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 5,291 pounds (2,400 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Allison 250-C20B turboshaft engines developing 420 shaft horsepower each and driving a four-blade main rotor and a two blade tail rotor.
SPEED (MAX): 152 miles-per-hour (245 kilometers-per-hour; 132 knots)
RANGE: 407 miles (655 kilometers; 354 nautical miles)
CEILING: 16,998 feet (5,181 meters; 3.22 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,773 feet-per-minute (540 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



Typically unarmed. Military variants outfitted with 6 x Euromissile HOT / HOT 2 OR 8 x BGM-71 TOW Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs).
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• BO 105A - Initial Production Model; fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C18 turbine engines.
• BO 105C - Fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C20 engines.
• BO 105CB - Fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C20B
• BO 105CBS - Lengthened fuselage; medical service variant.
• BO 105 LS - Built under Eurocopter Canada label; fitted with Rolls-Royce (Allison) 250-C28C engines.
• BO 105 LS A1 - Lengthened fuselage; 2 x Allison 250-C28C turbine engines.
• BO 105 LS A3 - Increase to maximum take-off weight.
• BO 105LS A3 - "Super Lifter" Heavy Lift Variant; maximum take-off weight increased.
• BO 105P - Anti-tank Variant for military usage; 2 x HOT AT AGM systems.
• PAH-1 - Army Designation for BO 105P model
• PAH-1A1 - Army Designation for BO 105P model
• BO 105M - Light Transport and Observation Platform.
• VBH - Army Designation for BO 105M model
• NBO-105 - Lengthened fuselage; built under license by IPTN.
• NBO-105 CB - Original Designation for NBO-105 model series.
• NBO-105 CBS - Original Designation for NBO-105 stretched model.
• BO 105 - "Executive" model; produced under Carson Helicopters label for attempted US commercial application; stretched fuselage.
• BO 105E-4 - Converted Bo 105P models for Albanian export.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter.  Entry last updated on 4/11/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Airbus Helicopters (formerly Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 is a light utility helicopter system recognized around the globe for its versatility, performance and safety record. The product has served (and continues to do so) in both military and civilian capacities since introduction in the early 1970s. Operators are seen throughout the world providing general transport, reconnaissance, assessment, and an Anti-Tank (AT) over-battlefield functionality The militarized version is capable of mounting the HOT and HOT-2 anti-tank missile system (or similar) making for one lethal and adept battlefield solution.

The Bo 105 flew in prototype form on February 16th, 1967 and two more prototypes followed. The aircraft was fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C18 turboshaft engines driving its four-bladed main rotor and two-bladed tail rotor. As the program evolved, a composite main rotor blade unit was brought along and the Allison engines were superseded by 2 x MAN-Turbo 6022 series units. By the time of the second pre-production aircraft, the series was back to using the Allison 250 series engines.

With production having begun back in 1967, service introduction followed in 1970 and manufacture of some 1,500 helicopters was recorded into 2001 (from Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm - "MBB"). Initial service models were the Bo 105A and Bo 105C, the latter appearing in 1972 and carrying Allison 250-C20 engines. The Bo 105Cb incorporated a light observation and utility transport dual-role nature and appeared in 1976 with -C20B engines. The Bo 105CBS became a stretched transport model. Other specialty forms soon emerged including the Bo 105D British model for offshore platform work, the Bo 105ATH Anti-Tank helicopter of the Spanish Army and the Bo 105MSS maritime patrol system (carrying a search radar).




Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 (Cont'd)

Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter

Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 (Cont'd)

Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter



The Bo 105 went on to enjoy frontline roles in various military, government and civilian circles. Military operators ranged from Albania and Bahrain to Sudan and Uruguay. The West German Army became one of the largest military operators of the helicopter - adopting it in the hundreds through the available reconnaissance and anti-armor guises. Police services in Argentina, Canada, Chile, Germany, the Netherlands, South Africa and Spain are also noted. Some forces, including the New York Police Department, have retired their stock of Bo 105 helicopters.

Fewer than 700 Bo 105 helicopters fly today and the product was replaced in Eurocopter marketing by the newer EC 145. The Eurocopter name has now given way to the Airbus Helicopters brand label.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (152mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Airbus Helicopters Bo 105CB's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1500
1500

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-tank guided missile
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.