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Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105

Germany (1970)
Picture of Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter
Picture of Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter

The Airbus Helicopters Bo 105 light utility helicopter has seen military and civilian service across the world with production totals reaching over 1,500 units.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter.  Entry last updated on 4/11/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Airbus Helicopters (formerly Eurocopter / MBB) Bo 105 is a light utility helicopter system recognized around the globe for its versatility, performance and safety record. The product has served (and continues to do so) in both military and civilian capacities since introduction in the early 1970s. Operators are seen throughout the world providing general transport, reconnaissance, assessment, and an Anti-Tank (AT) over-battlefield functionality The militarized version is capable of mounting the HOT and HOT-2 anti-tank missile system (or similar) making for one lethal and adept battlefield solution.

The Bo 105 flew in prototype form on February 16th, 1967 and two more prototypes followed. The aircraft was fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C18 turboshaft engines driving its four-bladed main rotor and two-bladed tail rotor. As the program evolved, a composite main rotor blade unit was brought along and the Allison engines were superseded by 2 x MAN-Turbo 6022 series units. By the time of the second pre-production aircraft, the series was back to using the Allison 250 series engines.

With production having begun back in 1967, service introduction followed in 1970 and manufacture of some 1,500 helicopters was recorded into 2001 (from Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm - "MBB"). Initial service models were the Bo 105A and Bo 105C, the latter appearing in 1972 and carrying Allison 250-C20 engines. The Bo 105Cb incorporated a light observation and utility transport dual-role nature and appeared in 1976 with -C20B engines. The Bo 105CBS became a stretched transport model. Other specialty forms soon emerged including the Bo 105D British model for offshore platform work, the Bo 105ATH Anti-Tank helicopter of the Spanish Army and the Bo 105MSS maritime patrol system (carrying a search radar).
The Bo 105 went on to enjoy frontline roles in various military, government and civilian circles. Military operators ranged from Albania and Bahrain to Sudan and Uruguay. The West German Army became one of the largest military operators of the helicopter - adopting it in the hundreds through the available reconnaissance and anti-armor guises. Police services in Argentina, Canada, Chile, Germany, the Netherlands, South Africa and Spain are also noted. Some forces, including the New York Police Department, have retired their stock of Bo 105 helicopters.

Fewer than 700 Bo 105 helicopters fly today and the product was replaced in Eurocopter marketing by the newer EC 145. The Eurocopter name has now given way to the Airbus Helicopters brand label.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (152mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Airbus Helicopters Bo 105CB's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1500
1500


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Origin: Germany
Year: 1970
Type: Light Utility Civilian / Military Helicopter
Manufacturer(s): Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm (MBB) / Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter) - West Germany / Germany
Production: 1,500
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Albania; Argentina; Australia; Bahrain; Brunei; Canada; Chile; Ciskei; Colombia; West Germany; Germany, Indonesia, Iraq; Lesotho; Mexico; Netherlands; Nigeria; Peru; Philippines; Sierra Leone; South Africa; South Korea; Spain; Sweden; Trinidad and Tobago; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay;
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airbus Helicopters Bo 105CB model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
38.91 ft


Meters
11.86 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
32.28 ft


Meters
9.84 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.84 ft


Meters
3 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
2,822 lb


Kilograms
1,280 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
5,291 lb


Kilograms
2,400 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Allison 250-C20B turboshaft engines developing 420 shaft horsepower each and driving a four-blade main rotor and a two blade tail rotor.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
152 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
245 kph


Knots
132 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
407 mi


Kilometers
655 km


Nautical Miles
354 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
16,998 ft


Meters
5,181 m


Miles
3.22 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,773 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
540 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft anti-tank guided missile
Armament - Hardpoints (2 (AT variant)):

Typically unarmed. Military variants outfitted with 6 x Euromissile HOT / HOT 2 OR 8 x BGM-71 TOW Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs).
Variants: Series Model Variants
• BO 105A - Initial Production Model; fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C18 turbine engines.
• BO 105C - Fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C20 engines.
• BO 105CB - Fitted with 2 x Allison 250-C20B
• BO 105CBS - Lengthened fuselage; medical service variant.
• BO 105 LS - Built under Eurocopter Canada label; fitted with Rolls-Royce (Allison) 250-C28C engines.
• BO 105 LS A1 - Lengthened fuselage; 2 x Allison 250-C28C turbine engines.
• BO 105 LS A3 - Increase to maximum take-off weight.
• BO 105LS A3 - "Super Lifter" Heavy Lift Variant; maximum take-off weight increased.
• BO 105P - Anti-tank Variant for military usage; 2 x HOT AT AGM systems.
• PAH-1 - Army Designation for BO 105P model
• PAH-1A1 - Army Designation for BO 105P model
• BO 105M - Light Transport and Observation Platform.
• VBH - Army Designation for BO 105M model
• NBO-105 - Lengthened fuselage; built under license by IPTN.
• NBO-105 CB - Original Designation for NBO-105 model series.
• NBO-105 CBS - Original Designation for NBO-105 stretched model.
• BO 105 - "Executive" model; produced under Carson Helicopters label for attempted US commercial application; stretched fuselage.
• BO 105E-4 - Converted Bo 105P models for Albanian export.