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Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance)

Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD) Aircraft

Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance)

Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD) Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Panavia Tornado ECR forms the second of three major Tornado aircraft variants.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Germany
YEAR: 1990
STATUS: Active, Limited Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Panavia Aircaft GmbH / BAe - UK / MBB - Germany / Alenia - Italy
PRODUCTION: 52
OPERATORS: Germany; Italy
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 54.86 feet (16.72 meters)
WIDTH: 45.64 feet (13.91 meters)
HEIGHT: 19.52 feet (5.95 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 30,644 pounds (13,900 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 61,729 pounds (28,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk 103 turbofan engines with afterburn capability developing 17,270lb of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 1,491 miles-per-hour (2400 kilometers-per-hour; 1,296 knots)
RANGE: 870 miles (1,400 kilometers; 756 nautical miles)
CEILING: 50,000 feet (15,240 meters; 9.47 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 15,100 feet-per-minute (4,602 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 27mm Mauser BK-27 cannons under fuselage sides

OPTIONAL:
Up to 19,800lb of external ordnance including conventional dumb bombs, rocket pods, ECM pods, guided smart bombs and air-to-surface / air-to-air missiles.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Tornado ECR - Base Series Designation; German and Italian service with minor differences in between.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance) Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD) Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 10/12/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance) is a specialized "Suppression of Enemy Air Defense" (SEAD) offshoot of the original Tornado IDS (InterDictor / Strike) strike-fighter. The version is outfitted with a higher degree of onboard sensors as well as support for the AGM-88 HARM anti-radiation missile. The aircraft is used to counter enemy air defenses prior to the involvement of the main strike force, effectively "blinding" the enemy from further reaction through its air force. As such, ECRs were equipped with sophisticated Electronic CounterMeasures (ECMs) for survival while its missiles can ride incoming radar signals down to their source through an Emitter Location System (ELS). The initial Tornado ECR was delivered on May 21st, 1990 and have been operated by the air services of Germany and Italy. The United Kingdom, the other major Tornado IDS user, instead makes use of a specialized Tornado ADV F.3 mark for the role.

There are three major Tornado forms - the IDS, ECR and ADV. The IDS is the dedicated strike platform while the ECR is the dedicated SEAD model. The ADV is the interceptor variant. The original Tornado IDS was taken into service by West Germany, Italy, Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom. The Panavia name was formed from the tri-national effort of West Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom while strike-minded and ECR Tornados still form a vital part of the aerial firepower for Western Europe - though its service life is expected to come to a close by the end of the decade.

The German Luftwaffe was the recipient of some 35 Tornado ECR platforms and these were received as "new-build" aircraft. Italian ECRs were sixteen examples converted from existing Tornado IDS strike platforms. The German and Italian models differed between themselves in several ways: German ECRs operated with an uprated engine and integrated reconnaissance equipment while Italian ECRs made use of a slightly downrated powerplant and external reconnaissance pods.

ECRs are more closely associated with the Tornado IDS line than the Tornado ADV and shared up to 80% commonality of parts, largely visually similar to one another on the whole. However, all Tornado forms share the same two-seat tandem cockpit (with ejection seats), single vertical tail fin arrangement and swing-wing capability. The swing-wing approach allows for the aircraft to adjust its wing angle in-flight, in turn allowing the airframe to retain the qualities of both low-speed and high-speed performance when needed.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1500mph
Lo: 750mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (1,491mph).

    Graph average of 1125 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  LDN
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  PAR
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  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
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  SYD
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
52
52

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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