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IAI RQ-2 Pioneer

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

IAI RQ-2 Pioneer

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The RQ-2 Pioneer truly lived up to her namesake in the realm of UAV technology, seeing action beginning with the Persian Gulf War of 1991.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Israel
YEAR: 1986
MANUFACTURER(S): AAI Corporation - USA / Pioneer UAVs, Incorporated / Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) - Israel
PRODUCTION: 20
OPERATORS: Israel; Singapore; United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the IAI RQ-2 Pioneer model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 13.12 feet (4 meters)
WIDTH: 17.06 feet (5.2 meters)
HEIGHT: 3.28 feet (1 meters)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 452 pounds (205 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Sachs 2-stroke, 2-cylinder gasoline piston engine developing 26 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 124 miles-per-hour (200 kilometers-per-hour; 108 knots)
RANGE: 115 miles (185 kilometers; 100 nautical miles)
CEILING: 15,092 feet (4,600 meters; 2.86 miles)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• RQ-2 - Base Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the IAI RQ-2 Pioneer Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).  Entry last updated on 6/16/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The RQ-2 Pioneer series of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) was one of the first operational UAVs utilized by the United States military. It initially served aboard surface naval warships as an artillery tool before eventually being devoted wholly to aerial observation of the battlefield overland. Though not as flashy or powerful as the new generation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), the Pioneer was truly just that, a pioneering vehicle that laid down the foundation for an entire UAV family of aircraft that presently serve with the United States military.

Design of the RQ-2 produced an aircraft-like aerodynamic fuselage with equipment mounted at front and the single Sachs 2-stroke, 2-cylinder 26 horsepower gasoline piston engine at rear. Wings were mounted high and to the rear of the fuselage and were of a straight edge variety and supported underneath by struts. Twin booms extended aft and were joined by a horizontal plane with twin vertical fins rounding out the empennage. The undercarriage was statically deployed.




The Pioneer developed from a joint agreement between Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) and AAI Corporation. The system was designed form the outset to perform a variety of unarmed battlefield surveillance and reconnaissance roles and could be launched from land (via catapult or runway) or at sea (via catapult or rocket assist) returning to vessels by way of net or arrestor hook. Flying times varied depending on the overall payload weight but several hours could be achieved. The strength in the Pioneer system lay in its ability to relay real-time information through analog video by way of a line-of-sight (LOS) data link. The RQ-2 Pioneer system was put into action in the Persian Gulf War of 1991, Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo and Iraq under the operational US branches of the Army, Navy and Marines. It also saw service with forces sponsored by Israel and Singapore.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (124mph).

    Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
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TKY
 
  SYD
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LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the IAI RQ-2 Pioneer's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
20
20

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue