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Panavia Tornado IDS (InterDictor / Strike)

All-Weather, Low-Level Strike Aircraft

Panavia Tornado IDS (InterDictor / Strike)

All-Weather, Low-Level Strike Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Panavia Tornado became a limited production, specialized strike variant of the famous Panavia Tornado line.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1979
STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Panavia Aircaft GmbH / BAe - UK / MBB - Germany / Alenia - Italy
PRODUCTION: 400
OPERATORS: Germany (West Germany); Italy; Saudi Arabia; United Kingdom
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Panavia Tornado IDS (InterDictor / Strike) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 54.79 feet (16.7 meters)
WIDTH: 45.64 feet (13.91 meters)
HEIGHT: 19.52 feet (5.95 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 30,644 pounds (13,900 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 61,729 pounds (28,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk 103 turbofan engines developing 17,270 lb thrust with afterburner.
SPEED (MAX): 1,491 miles-per-hour (2400 kilometers-per-hour; 1,296 knots)
RANGE: 870 miles (1,400 kilometers; 756 nautical miles)
CEILING: 50,000 feet (15,240 meters; 9.47 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 15,100 feet-per-minute (4,602 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 27mm Mauser internal cannons.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 19,840lb of externally-held drop/launch ordnance to include guided air-to-air / air-to-surface missiles, conventional drop bombs, precision-guided ordnance, cruise missiles, jettisonable fuel tanks and special-mission pods.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Tornado IDS - Base Series Designation
• Tornado IDS GR.1 - Original strike models of 1979 laser rangefinder under nose; fixed intakes; downrated engines; 142 upgraded to GR.4A standard beginning in 1997.
• Tornado IDS GR.1B - Anti-Shipping/Maritime Strike Platform; 26 conversions; support for 4 x Sea Eagle AS missiles; sans radar tracking in early models.
• Tornado IDS GR.4 - Improved/modernized strike model of 1996/1997; 142 upgraded from GR.1 standard; new HUD, avionics and ECM suite.
• Tornado IDS GR.1A - Reconnaissance variant sans cannon; outfitted wit IR reconnaissance system (TIRRS); 30 total for RAF and RSAF; upgraded to GR.4A standard.
• Tornado IDS GR.4A - Modernized/upgraded GR.1A to GR.4 standard.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Panavia Tornado IDS (InterDictor / Strike) All-Weather, Low-Level Strike Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 10/17/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Panavia Tornado emerged as the product of a consortium of European companies from the United Kingdom, West Germany and Italy during the latter half of the Cold War years. The company was established as "Panavia Aircraft GmbH" and founded on March 29th, 1969, headquartered in Hallbergmoos, Bavaria, Germany (the group was originally to include The Netherlands). The aircraft was one of several famous ""swing wing" developments to appear during the period that included the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23/-27 "Flogger". The engines would come from the Turbo-Union consortium made up of Rolls-Royce, MTU and FiatAvio.

The Tornado was designed as a strike-oriented fighter that could operate from short and/or battle damaged runways at a time when World War 3 was a very real possibility across Europe. Indeed, the Tornado proved a very important part of the European deterrent during this time, intended to serve as a first-strike system should the Cold War ever have gone "hot". The Panavia Tornado has since seen operational service with Germany, Italy, Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom.

The initial prototype went airborne for the first time on August 14th, 1974 and production-quality forms were being delivered beginning in July of 1980. The radar was a Texas Instruments terrain following system with ground-mapping capabilities. Flight control was aided through a full fly-by-wire suite with center stick. Both crew positions held ejection seats. Navigation was by way of a digital Inertial Navigation System.

The Tornado line evolved through three major production variants during its service life, these becoming the strike-oriented Tornado IDS ("InterDictor / Strike"), the Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance) for countering enemy air defenses, and the Tornado ADV - the dedicated interceptor of the group. The IDS and ECR airframes were the two most closely related marks, sharing some 80% commonality in parts but it was the IDS mark that could be called on to deliver all manner of ordnance including guided missiles and bombs while providing its own defense through twin internal cannons and onboard countermeasures. All Tornado forms were two-seat offerings. The variable wing nature of the design allowed the aircraft to adjust its wing angle in-flight. This design decision allowed the airframe to main all of the qualities of low-speed handling as well as high-speed performance when needed. The wing assemblies could be manually (or automatically in some models) adjusted to reach angles of 25- to 67-degrees.




Panavia Tornado IDS (InterDictor / Strike) (Cont'd)

All-Weather, Low-Level Strike Aircraft

Panavia Tornado IDS (InterDictor / Strike) (Cont'd)

All-Weather, Low-Level Strike Aircraft



The Tornado IDS was given a thick fuselage with slab sides and a flat floor. The twin engine configuration (side-by-side) was aspirated through two large intake openings found at the sides of the aircraft. The crewmembers were seated in tandem with the pilot at front and systems officer at rear. The wings were swept along their leading and trailing edges - each sporting several hardpoints which also adjusted based on wing sweep (always facing forward). Additional hardpoints were found under the fuselage to broaden the aircraft's ordnance-carrying qualities considerably. The empennage consisted of a single vertical tail fin and swept horizontal tailplanes. The tricycle undercarriage was wholly retractable in the design.

The RAF took on initial stocks of IDS models as the Tornado GR.1 and these appeared in 1979 with laser-rangefinders fitted under the nose. They were also given down-rated engines and fixed intake openings. A reconnaissance-minded version then became the GR.1A outfitted with BAe Side-Looking InfraRed (SLIR) and the Vinten IR linescan system (sans internal cannons) while the GR.1B mark formed into a specialized anti-ship strike model (armed with 4 x "Sea Eagle" anti-ship missiles), these based on the preceding GR.1. Some 26 examples were modified as such and early versions lacked onboard tracking facilities (added later). An upgrade program spanning from 1996 to 2003 yielded the GR.4 (strike) and GR.4A (reconnaissance) of which 142 eventually existed. The GR.4 was born of a GR.1 modernization endeavor (mid-life upgrade) and this series arrived in 1994 while still in use today (February 2014). Introduced was an all-new HUD (Head-Up Display), improved Electronic CounterMeasures (ECMs) and improved avionics.

The GR.4 is powered by 2 x Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk 103 afterburning turbofan engines delivering 9,850lbs thrust dry and 17,270lbs thrust with reheat. Maximum speed is 1,500 miles per hour (approximately Mach 2.2) with a range out to 2,415 miles (ferry), a service ceiling of 50,000 feet and a rate-of-climb reaching 15,100 feet per minute. Standard armament includes 2 x 27mm Mauser BK-27 internal cannons along the fuselage sides and up to eleven hardpoints for missiles, bombs, fuel tanks and mission pods.

To date, the Tornado platform has been used during the Gulf War (1991), the Bosnian War (1992-1995), the Kosovo War (1998-1999), Operation Enduring Freedom (2001-present), Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003-present), the Libyan Civil War (2011) and in limited action over Yemen. Even today, the Tornado GR.4 mark remains an important portion of European strike firepower though its useful service life is approaching with stocks expected to be retired in full by the end of the decade.

The Eurofighter Typhoon and incoming Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II is expected to spearhead the UK strike arm following the removal of Tornados from service.




PROGRAM UPDATES

In early 2015, it was announced that the service lives of British RAF Tornados would be extended due to the British commitment in Iraq against ISIS. Three squadrons will be retained until March of 2017 and the aircraft maintain many of the strike qualities and munitions support still lacking in the Typhoon aircraft.

December 2015 - The British are still committed to a 2019 retirement of its GR.4 stock. These will be succeeded by Eurofighter Typhoons fully-equipped with the Tornado's existing Air-to-Ground (AG) capabilities.
MEDIA







General Assessment (BETA)
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
MF Power Rating (BETA)
94
The MF Power Rating takes into account over sixty individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of 100 total possible points.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1500mph
Lo: 750mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (1,491mph).

    Graph average of 1125 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Panavia Tornado IDS GR.4's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
400
400

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft air-to-surface missile
Graphical image of an air launched cruise missile weapon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft guided bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.