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Gloster Javelin

Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

Gloster Javelin

Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Gloster Javelin was the very last aircraft to be produced by the renowned Gloster company.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1956
MANUFACTURER(S): Gloster - UK
PRODUCTION: 436
OPERATORS: United Kingdom
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Gloster Javelin model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 56.27 feet (17.15 meters)
WIDTH: 52.00 feet (15.85 meters)
HEIGHT: 16.01 feet (4.88 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 24,000 pounds (10,886 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 31,579 pounds (14,324 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire ASSa.6 turbojet engines developing 8,000 lb of thrust each.
SPEED (MAX): 709 miles-per-hour (1141 kilometers-per-hour; 616 knots)
RANGE: 951 miles (1,530 kilometers; 826 nautical miles)
CEILING: 52,493 feet (16,000 meters; 9.94 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 5,405 feet-per-minute (1,647 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 30mm cannons

Later models upgraded with missile support:
4 x Firestreak air-to-air infra-red homing missles (in place of the 2 x 30mm cannon assembly).
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• FAW.Mk 1 - Initial Production Model Designation; 427 produced.
• FAW.Mk 2 - Uprated 8,300lb thrust powerplants; improved Westinghouse radar system.
• T.3 - Dual-Control Trainer Variant; sans radar; 2 x 30mm cannons.
• FAW.Mk 4 - Improved handling characteristics; all-moving tailplane feature.
• FAW.Mk 5 - increased internal fuel capacity; modified wing assemblies.
• FAW.Mk 6 - Based on Mk 5 but fitted with an American-produced radar system.
• FAW.Mk 7 - 142 produced; fitted with Sapphire 203 11,000 thrust powerplants; provision for 4 x Firestreak air-to-air missiles in place of 2 x 30mm cannons.
• FAW.Mk 8 - Afterburning powerplants for 13,390lbs of total thrust.
• FAW.Mk 9 - Final Production Model Variant; based on existing FAW.Mk 7 and FAW.Mk 8 models but brought up to new standard; fitted with inflight refueling probe for increased range.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Gloster Javelin Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/18/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Gloster Javelin was the first twin-engine delta-wing jet fighter design to take up service with any one air force. The system would also become the United Kingdoms first all-weather day or night fighter and the very final production design of the fabled World War Two powerhouse company Gloster.

The Javelin was a twin-seat turbojet fighter designed to fulfill the role of all-weather interception for the Royal Air Force. The system was produced as far back as 1948 but not fielded till 1956. In between that time, three prototype and pre-production aircraft were lost in maneuvers that prompted a complete redesign of the aircraft. By designs end, the system would be fielded with an all-delta wing surface structure fitted to two Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire turbojet engines with a dominant tailplane section consisting of a high-mounted elevator assembly with rudder.

At the time of production, the Javelin was one of the most technologically advanced aircraft of the day. The ability for the system to be able to see and attack in any weather, day or night, was quite an advantage when fielded against lesser foes. Armed with a conservative array of 2 x 20mm cannons, the system would have to wait until the FAW.Mk 7 in 1958 to see the implementation of air-to-air infra-red homing missiles, completing the transformation of the post-world war design to a more contemporary fighter. Variants later, the Javelin system would be fielded with an inflight refueling probe and drop tanks that would impressively increase the overall combat radius of the aircraft.

As it stood, the Javelin maintained a successful service record, being fielded by as many as 14 squadrons in the Royal Air Force alone. The system would see production until 1967, by which time the Javelin would be replaced by more modern turbojet and turbofan fighters - ultimately closing the book on one of the most successful aviation companies in history.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (709mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  PAR
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  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
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  SYD
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Gloster Javelin FAW.Mk 1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
436
436

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue