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Gloster Javelin

United Kingdom (1956)
Picture of Gloster Javelin Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
Picture of Gloster Javelin Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

The Gloster Javelin was the very last aircraft to be produced by the renowned Gloster company.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Gloster Javelin Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/18/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Gloster Javelin was the first twin-engine delta-wing jet fighter design to take up service with any one air force. The system would also become the United Kingdoms first all-weather day or night fighter and the very final production design of the fabled World War Two powerhouse company Gloster.

The Javelin was a twin-seat turbojet fighter designed to fulfill the role of all-weather interception for the Royal Air Force. The system was produced as far back as 1948 but not fielded till 1956. In between that time, three prototype and pre-production aircraft were lost in maneuvers that prompted a complete redesign of the aircraft. By designs end, the system would be fielded with an all-delta wing surface structure fitted to two Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire turbojet engines with a dominant tailplane section consisting of a high-mounted elevator assembly with rudder.

At the time of production, the Javelin was one of the most technologically advanced aircraft of the day. The ability for the system to be able to see and attack in any weather, day or night, was quite an advantage when fielded against lesser foes. Armed with a conservative array of 2 x 20mm cannons, the system would have to wait until the FAW.Mk 7 in 1958 to see the implementation of air-to-air infra-red homing missiles, completing the transformation of the post-world war design to a more contemporary fighter. Variants later, the Javelin system would be fielded with an inflight refueling probe and drop tanks that would impressively increase the overall combat radius of the aircraft.

As it stood, the Javelin maintained a successful service record, being fielded by as many as 14 squadrons in the Royal Air Force alone. The system would see production until 1967, by which time the Javelin would be replaced by more modern turbojet and turbofan fighters - ultimately closing the book on one of the most successful aviation companies in history.

Any available statistics for the Gloster Javelin Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (709mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Gloster Javelin FAW.Mk 1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
436
436


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: United Kingdom
Year: 1956
Type: Twin-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Gloster - UK
Production: 436
Global Operators:
United Kingdom
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Gloster Javelin FAW.Mk 1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
56.27 ft


Meters
17.15 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
52.00 ft


Meters
15.85 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
16.01 ft


Meters
4.88 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
24,000 lb


Kilograms
10,886 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
31,579 lb


Kilograms
14,324 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire ASSa.6 turbojet engines developing 8,000 lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
709 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,141 kph


Knots
616 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
951 mi


Kilometers
1,530 km


Nautical Miles
826 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
52,493 ft


Meters
16,000 m


Miles
9.94 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
5,405 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
1,647 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Armament - Hardpoints (4):

STANDARD:
2 x 30mm cannons

Later models upgraded with missile support:
4 x Firestreak air-to-air infra-red homing missles (in place of the 2 x 30mm cannon assembly).
Variants: Series Model Variants
• FAW.Mk 1 - Initial Production Model Designation; 427 produced.
• FAW.Mk 2 - Uprated 8,300lb thrust powerplants; improved Westinghouse radar system.
• T.3 - Dual-Control Trainer Variant; sans radar; 2 x 30mm cannons.
• FAW.Mk 4 - Improved handling characteristics; all-moving tailplane feature.
• FAW.Mk 5 - increased internal fuel capacity; modified wing assemblies.
• FAW.Mk 6 - Based on Mk 5 but fitted with an American-produced radar system.
• FAW.Mk 7 - 142 produced; fitted with Sapphire 203 11,000 thrust powerplants; provision for 4 x Firestreak air-to-air missiles in place of 2 x 30mm cannons.
• FAW.Mk 8 - Afterburning powerplants for 13,390lbs of total thrust.
• FAW.Mk 9 - Final Production Model Variant; based on existing FAW.Mk 7 and FAW.Mk 8 models but brought up to new standard; fitted with inflight refueling probe for increased range.