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General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111 Raven

United States (1981)
Picture of General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111 Raven Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA)
Picture of General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111 Raven Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA) Picture of General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111 Raven Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA)
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The Grumman EF-111 Raven was a direct EWA conversion of the F-111A Aardvark fighter-bomber strike platform.


Detailing the development and operational history of the General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111 Raven Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA).  Entry last updated on 6/18/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The EF-111 Raven was developed from a United States Air Force need for an Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA) to replace its aging fleet of EB-66 platforms. The EF-111 was born directly from the airframe of the existing F-111 Aardvark series of swing-wing bomber aircraft already in service and extended the operational use of the airframe by decades. With a single unit conversion cost of $25 million on top of the already paid $15 million production cost, the EF-111 became an expensive yet important addition to USAF operations during the latet years of the Cold War. The system would see operational service up until the late 1990's to which then the Air Force was forced to rely on US Navy and Marine Corps aircraft to fulfill the same EWA role. In any case, the EF-111 platform proved to be versatile and reliable and performed well under the stresses of combat.

By 1972 the United States Air Force was already showcasing its F-111 swing-wing bombers throughout the skies over Vietnam. Seeing the potential for replacing the EB-66 conversion models, the USAF tabbed some F-111A models to be converted themselves into the EF-111, taking on the designation name of "Raven" in the process. These new systems would adopt state-of-the-art technologies to help other aerial battlefield components fight more effectively and accurately. Grumman proceeded on the conversion plans under a new USAF contract in 1974 with first flight achieved by a Raven in 1977. Deliveries would start four years later.


Picture of the General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111 Raven Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA)
Picture of the General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111 Raven Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA)


EF-111's were deployed in operational combat use against Libya, Panama, in the Persian Gulf War and Bosnia/Herzegovina with no aircraft lost to enemy fire. From there, the Ravens would be deployed near US interests worldwide for a time up until 1998 to which the EF-111's would be officially retired from USAF service. By any regard, the EF-111 ended up looking quite similar to her strike counterpart with the exception of bulge on the top of the vertical tail fin. Some 42 F-111A Aardvark models were eventually converted to EF-111 Ravens.

The EF-111 also gained the nickname of "Spark Vark" during its tenure and was also known for a time as the "Electric Fox".






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1900mph
Lo: 950mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (1,855mph).

    Graph average of 1425 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111A Raven's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
42
42


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: United States
Year: 1981
Type: Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA)
Manufacturer(s): General Dynamics / Grumman - USA
Production: 42
Global Operators:
United States (retired)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the General Dynamics / Grumman EF-111A Raven model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
76.02 ft


Meters
23.17 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
62.99 ft


Meters
19.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
20.01 ft


Meters
6.1 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
55,274 lb


Kilograms
25,072 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
89,001 lb


Kilograms
40,370 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Pratt & Whitney TF30-P-3 (later TF30-P-9) turbofan engines with afterburner developing 20,840 lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
1,855 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
2,985 kph


Knots
1,612 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
2,000 mi


Kilometers
3,218 km


Nautical Miles
1,738 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
44,997 ft


Meters
13,715 m


Miles
8.52 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
11,000 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
3,353 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

OPTIONAL:
2 x AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile
2 x 600 gallon external fuel tanks
Variants: Series Model Variants
• F-111A - Production Model on which the EF-111A is based on.
• EF-111A - Single Series Conversion Models of F-111A models for electronic warfare role.