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Curtiss XP-42

Prototype Fighter Aircraft

Curtiss XP-42

Prototype Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Curtiss XP-42 was a further development of the P-36 product, though it lost out to the XP-40 after competition trials.
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ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1939
MANUFACTURER(S): Curtiss - USA
PRODUCTION: 1
OPERATORS: United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Curtiss XP-42 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 28.22 feet (8.6 meters)
WIDTH: 37.07 feet (11.3 meters)
HEIGHT: 8.20 feet (2.5 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 4,817 pounds (2,185 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 5,648 pounds (2,562 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830-31 radial engine developing 1,050 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 250 miles-per-hour (402 kilometers-per-hour; 217 knots)
RANGE: 830 miles (1,336 kilometers; 721 nautical miles)
CEILING: 37,198 feet (11,338 meters; 7.05 miles)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 7.62mm machine guns above nose section
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• P-36A - Initial Model on which the XP-42 was based on.
• Model 75S - Curtiss Company Model Designation
• P-42 - Base Model Series Designation
• XP-42 - USAAC Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Curtiss XP-42 Prototype Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/26/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Curtiss XP-42 was a further development of the Curtiss P-36 Hawk model though it would share some initial outward similarities to Curtiss' most well known aircraft - the P-40 Warhawk. Later in its development, the XP-42 would see a series of changes that would liken it back to its P-36 roots. The system was modified from a P-36A and given the S/N of 38-004 and was featured in a series of tests designed to reduce drag qualities of radial piston engines. As such, this P-36A featured a redesigned nose and an entirely new powerplant operating a three-blade propeller.

The aircraft featured an air scoop under the engine while the carburetor scoops were mounted at top. In an interesting design feature, a long shaft was developed to properly reach and drive the propeller system. The resulting aircraft proved to be faster than the P-36A but it also faced cooling issues for the engine, serious vibration problems inherent in the propeller shaft system and the XP-42 would never prove faster than the P-40. As a result, the XP-42 gave way to the P-40 Warhawk series of aircraft, which would nab the available Army production orders and become one of America's classic warfighters of its time.

Only a single P-36A was modified as an XP-42. The system was powered by a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 radial series engine generating an impressive 1,050 horsepower. The system was crewed by one personnel and the entire project was officially ended by 1947, to which the aircraft was scrapped for parts.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (250mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Curtiss XP-42's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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Commitments / Honors
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Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
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Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
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Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
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Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.