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Airbus A340

France (1993)
Picture of Airbus A340 Wide-Body Passenger Jet Airliner

The Airbus A340 was first introduced with carrier Lufthansa in March of 1993.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus A340 Wide-Body Passenger Jet Airliner.  Entry last updated on 10/27/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Airbus A340 series was already in design and development alongside the similar A330 series. In that respect, the two systems would go on to share a commonality in design and internal components with the major visual difference being number of engines (the A340 is fitted with four engines to the A330's two configuration). The A340 also differs in operational market, intended as a long-range, wide-body transport for light traffic markets.

Designed in 1987, the Airbus A340 was introduced in 1993 with carrier Lufthansa in 1993. Its internal layout used two aisles among its passenger seating arrangement. The original A340-200 series was a long-range model and featured a shortened fuselage. The A340-300 then appeared in 1996 and this model was marketed for short range operations with its stretched fuselage. Both were powered by 2 x CFM International CFM56-5C turbofan engines. Following the A340-300 were the A340-500 and A340-600 models, each with increasing operational ranges. Both became longer range solutions with uprated engines (Rolls-Royce Trent 500 turbofans) and stretched fuselages - the A340-600 holding the longest length of the entire A340 family of four.
To date (March 2014), total production of A340 airframes has reached 377 units. Production spanned from 1993 into 2011 and the product remains in active service.

September 2017 - September 26th marked the first-flight of a specially-modified A340 with new laminar-flow, drag-reducing wings. The aircraft was built under the Clean Sky BLADE project banner.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (569mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Airbus A340-300's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
377
377


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: France
Year: 1993
Type: Wide-Body Passenger Jet Airliner
Manufacturer(s): Airbus - France
Production: 377
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Algeria; Argentina; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bahrain; Brunei; Canada; Chile; China; Colombia; Egypt; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Iran; Jordan; Kuwait; Libya; Luxembourg; Madagascar; Mauritius; Malaysia; Namibia; Nigeria; Norway; Pakistan; Philippines; Portugal; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Thailand; Turkey; Tunisia; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airbus A340-300 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
208.66 ft


Meters
63.6 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
197.83 ft


Meters
60.3 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
55.28 ft


Meters
16.85 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
287,042 lb


Kilograms
130,200 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
609,578 lb


Kilograms
276,500 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
4 x CFM International CFM56-5C2 turbofan engines delivering 31,200lbs of thrust each OR 4 x CFM-5C3 turbofan engines delivering 32,500lbs of thrust each OR 4 x CFM56-5C4 turbofan engines delivering 34,000lbs of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
569 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
915 kph


Knots
494 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
13,307 mi


Kilometers
21,416 km


Nautical Miles
11,564 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
40,994 ft


Meters
12,495 m


Miles
7.76 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• A330 - Two Engine Variant on which the A340 is based on.
• A340 - Base Production Series Model Designation; long range, light traffic specialization; two aisles.
• A340-200 - Shortened Fuselage; long range model.
• A340-300 - Lengthened Fuselage; short range model.
• A340-500 - Increased Range to 15,745km.
• A340-600 - Increased Range to 13,890km.