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Boeing 707

Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner

Boeing 707

Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Boeing 707 airliner was a bold company move, designed from the outset as a private venture with military and civilian applications in mind.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1958
MANUFACTURER(S): Boeing - USA
PRODUCTION: 1,010
OPERATORS: Angola; Argentina; Australia; Brazil; Canada; Chile; Columbia; Democratic Republic of the Congo; France; Gambia; Ghana; Iran; Israel; Italy; Liberia; Libya; Pakistan; Paraguay; Romania; United Kingdom; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Spain; Sudan; Togo; Turkey; United Arab Emirates; United States; Venezuela
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Boeing 707 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 9
LENGTH: 149.61 feet (45.6 meters)
WIDTH: 145.73 feet (44.42 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 145,999 pounds (66,224 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 333,592 pounds (151,315 kilograms)
ENGINE: 4 x Pratt & Whitney JT3D-7 turbofans developing 19,000 lb of standard thrust each.
SPEED (MAX): 551 miles-per-hour (886 kilometers-per-hour; 478 knots)
RANGE: 4,300 miles (6,920 kilometers; 3,737 nautical miles)
CEILING: 38,993 feet (11,885 meters; 7.38 miles)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• 367-80 - Prototype Model Designation; fitted with Pratt & Whitney JT3P turbojet engines at 9,500lbs thrust each; may be known as the "Dash 80".
• 707 - Boeing Civilian Model Commercial Application Designation for the 367-80; increased width fuselage for additional passenger seating.
• 707-120 - Commercial Application Variant Transcontinental Airliner; fitted with Pratt & Whitney JT3C turbojet engines of 13,500lb thrust.
• 707-120B - Commercial Model fitted with JT3D powerplants.
• 707-220 - Commercial Model fitted with JT4D powerplants of 17,500lb thrust.
• 707-320 - Commercial Model for intercontinental airline travel; extended wing system and fuselage; JT4A turbojet engines.
• 707-320B - Commercial Model with refined systems and engines.
• 707-320C - Cargo Conversion Models
• 707-420 - Fitted with Rolls-Royce Conway turbofan engines of 17,600lbs each.
• KC-135A - USAF Inflight Refueling Tanker Designation.
• C-135 - Military Application Specialized Aircraft.
• C-137 - Military Application Specialized Aircraft.
• 720 - Similar to the 707 model design; shortened fuselage; lighter internal structure; turbojet-powered.
• 720B - Turbofan-Powered Variant of the 720 base model.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Boeing 707 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner.  Entry last updated on 8/7/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The 707 model series for The Boeing Company proved to be the catalyst for their commercial market successes to come. The 707 introduced a model design that was initially conceived of as a private venture, targeting both military and commercial applications. To that end, design of the aircraft would go on to spur the development of both the successful 707 commercial transport series and the military platform to which several aircraft (most notably, the KC-135) would find equal success. The 707 would also become the first successful long-range passenger transport, producing a long pedigree of Boeing designs utilizing the 7x7 designation.

The 707 began life as the private venture design 367-80, sometimes referred to as "Dash 80". Flying in 1954, the 367-80 nabbed a military contract for development of the KC-135 that same year - a model design specifically for the inflight refueling of military warplanes. From there, the commercial market began usage of the system, no designated as the 707 with Pan American Airlines being the first to secure orders. From there, the 707 would be used throughout the world as a passenger transport, airborne early warning platform, cargo hauler and inflight refueler.




Boeing 707 (Cont'd)

Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner

Boeing 707 (Cont'd)

Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner



Variants of the 707 platform included a plethora of types, most noted for the difference in their Pratt & Whitney engines (the later 707-420 utilized Rolls-Royce Conway brand engines). Major marks in the series included the 707-120/-120B, 707-220, 707-320/-320B and the 707-320C. The 720B appeared on the scene and was a variant of the 707 design but offered up turbofan engines at an increase in speed over the turbojet of previous model designs. Additionally, the 720 was designed with a shorter fuselage and a lighter structure for improved performance gains.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (551mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
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  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Boeing 707-320C's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1010
1010

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue