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Boeing 707

United States (1958)
Picture of Boeing 707 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner
Picture of Boeing 707 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner Picture of Boeing 707 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner
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The Boeing 707 airliner was a bold company move, designed from the outset as a private venture with military and civilian applications in mind.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Boeing 707 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner.  Entry last updated on 8/7/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The 707 model series for The Boeing Company proved to be the catalyst for their commercial market successes to come. The 707 introduced a model design that was initially conceived of as a private venture, targeting both military and commercial applications. To that end, design of the aircraft would go on to spur the development of both the successful 707 commercial transport series and the military platform to which several aircraft (most notably, the KC-135) would find equal success. The 707 would also become the first successful long-range passenger transport, producing a long pedigree of Boeing designs utilizing the 7x7 designation.

The 707 began life as the private venture design 367-80, sometimes referred to as "Dash 80". Flying in 1954, the 367-80 nabbed a military contract for development of the KC-135 that same year - a model design specifically for the inflight refueling of military warplanes. From there, the commercial market began usage of the system, no designated as the 707 with Pan American Airlines being the first to secure orders. From there, the 707 would be used throughout the world as a passenger transport, airborne early warning platform, cargo hauler and inflight refueler.


Picture of the Boeing 707 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner
Picture of the Boeing 707 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner


Variants of the 707 platform included a plethora of types, most noted for the difference in their Pratt & Whitney engines (the later 707-420 utilized Rolls-Royce Conway brand engines). Major marks in the series included the 707-120/-120B, 707-220, 707-320/-320B and the 707-320C. The 720B appeared on the scene and was a variant of the 707 design but offered up turbofan engines at an increase in speed over the turbojet of previous model designs. Additionally, the 720 was designed with a shorter fuselage and a lighter structure for improved performance gains.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (551mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Boeing 707-320C's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1010
1010


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: United States
Year: 1958
Type: Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner
Manufacturer(s): Boeing - USA
Production: 1,010
Global Operators:
Angola; Argentina; Australia; Brazil; Canada; Chile; Columbia; Democratic Republic of the Congo; France; Gambia; Ghana; Iran; Israel; Italy; Liberia; Libya; Pakistan; Paraguay; Romania; United Kingdom; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Spain; Sudan; Togo; Turkey; United Arab Emirates; United States; Venezuela
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Boeing 707-320C model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
9


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
149.61 ft


Meters
45.6 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
145.73 ft


Meters
44.42 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
145,999 lb


Kilograms
66,224 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
333,592 lb


Kilograms
151,315 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
4 x Pratt & Whitney JT3D-7 turbofans developing 19,000 lb of standard thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
551 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
886 kph


Knots
478 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
4,300 mi


Kilometers
6,920 km


Nautical Miles
3,737 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
38,993 ft


Meters
11,885 m


Miles
7.38 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• 367-80 - Prototype Model Designation; fitted with Pratt & Whitney JT3P turbojet engines at 9,500lbs thrust each; may be known as the "Dash 80".
• 707 - Boeing Civilian Model Commercial Application Designation for the 367-80; increased width fuselage for additional passenger seating.
• 707-120 - Commercial Application Variant Transcontinental Airliner; fitted with Pratt & Whitney JT3C turbojet engines of 13,500lb thrust.
• 707-120B - Commercial Model fitted with JT3D powerplants.
• 707-220 - Commercial Model fitted with JT4D powerplants of 17,500lb thrust.
• 707-320 - Commercial Model for intercontinental airline travel; extended wing system and fuselage; JT4A turbojet engines.
• 707-320B - Commercial Model with refined systems and engines.
• 707-320C - Cargo Conversion Models
• 707-420 - Fitted with Rolls-Royce Conway turbofan engines of 17,600lbs each.
• KC-135A - USAF Inflight Refueling Tanker Designation.
• C-135 - Military Application Specialized Aircraft.
• C-137 - Military Application Specialized Aircraft.
• 720 - Similar to the 707 model design; shortened fuselage; lighter internal structure; turbojet-powered.
• 720B - Turbofan-Powered Variant of the 720 base model.